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Spread Eagle

A curving, two-footed movement in which the skater skates with one foot on a forward edge and the other on a matching backward edge on the same curve (eg. outside and outside).

Start Of Pattern Dance

The first step after the introductory steps.

Stationary Lift

In ice dance, a Short Lift that is executed on the spot (stationary location) by the lifting partner who may or may not be rotating.


The visible tracing on the ice that is executed on one foot. A step is counted each time there is a change of foot.

Straight Line Lift

In ice dance, a Short Lift in which the lifting partner travels in a straight line in any position on one foot or two feet.

Strong Beat

The first beat of the measure or group of two measures supporting the skating count of the rhythm.


Characteristics of levels of step sequences in ice dance.


In synchronized skating, sub-grouping refers to a subordinate or smaller group(s) without a close relationship to the rest of the team; a division of the team into several smaller groups.

Swing C Step

An open or closed C step in which the free leg swings forward closely past the skating leg, and then back to the skating foot to execute the turn (e.g. steps 20 and 21 of the Harris Tango).

Swing Rocker

A type of rocker or counter in which the free foot swings smoothly past close to the skating foot before the turn and after the turn is either moved past the skating foot and held behind over the tracing or allowed to swing forward.

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