Terms used:

Base Value

Every Element (i.e. required element of the short program or element of the well balanced free skating program) has a certain Base Value indicated in the Scale of Values (SOV) chart published by the ISU and Skate Canada.

Category

The name for each level of competition within a discipline.  Examples of categories are STAR 1, STAR 2, Pre-Juvenile, Juvenile, Pre-Novice, etc.

Challenge

A championship that qualifies athletes toward and including, but not limited to, the Canadian Figure Skating Championships.

Choreographic Elements

In ice dance, a listed or unlisted movement or series of movement(s) as specified by the Ice Dance Technical Committee.  Examples of choreographic elements are choreographic lift, choreographic spinning movement; choreographic twizzling movement

Choreographic Sequence

Consists of any kind of movements like steps, turns, spirals, arabesques, spread eagles, Ina Bauers, hydroblading, any jumps with maximum of 2 revolutions, spins, etc. Listed elements included in the Choreographic Sequence will not be called and will not occupy a box. The pattern is not restricted, but the sequence must be clearly visible.

Combination Lift

A dance lift which does not exceed 12 seconds in duration.  This lift combines two rotational lifts in different directions or two curve lifts on two different curves forming a serpentine pattern or two different types of short lifts.

Combination Spin

A combination spin has different definitions depending on the discipline as follows:

  • Singles: A spin which includes a change of position. A combination spin must include a minimum of two different basic positions with two revolutions in each of these positions anywhere within the spin. To receive full value, a spin combination must include all three basic positions. The number of revolutions in positions that are non-basic is counted in the total number of revolutions. Changing to a non-basic position is not considered a change of position. When a change of foot is required, the change of foot may be executed in the form of a step over or a jump. The change of foot and the change of position may be made either at the same time or separately.
  • Pairs:
  • Ice Dance: A dance spin which has a change of foot performed simultaneously by both partners.
  • Synchronized Skating: The spin combination must include a minimum of two different basic positions (sit, camel, upright or any variation thereof) and only one change of foot. The change of foot and the change of position must occur at the same time by all skaters executing the spin.

Dance Spin

A spin skated by the couple together in any hold. It should be performed on the spot around a common axis on one foot by each partner simultaneously.

Element

A component that is part of a synchronized skating short program and free skating program.  Elements are divided into groups of difficulty.

Event

The name given to a group of skaters entered in a category.  There may be one event per category or several events per category depending on the number of total entries.  Each event is independent of the other events within the category. 

Features

Technical content that increases the difficulty of an element which may become part of the difficulty group of an element.  Features such as pivoting, traveling, body movements, etc. are determined annually and published in a Skate Canada and ISU Communication.

Flying Spin

Novice and lower and STAR:

Spins that enter with a jump and land in a spinning position. The spin may have a change of foot or a change of position or both. Examples: flying sit spin (FSp), flying change sit spin (FCSSp), flying camel spin (FCSp), flying change camel spin (FCCSp), flying upright spin (FUSp), flying change upright spin (FCUSp), flying combination spin (FCoSp), flying change combination spin (FCCoSp).

ISU definitions for Junior and Senior:

Flying spin: A spin with a flying entrance with no change of foot or position.  The name of the flying spin corresponds to its landing position: flying sit spin (FSSP), flying camel spin (FCSp), flying upright spin (FUSp), flying layback spin (FLSp). This definition is very specific for junior and senior short programs.  

Spin with a flying entrance: This is the ISU definition for all flying spins that are not ‘flying spins’ as defined above.

 

Free Skating Program

A program of a specified length, skated to music of the skater’s choice. The skater is free to choose the number and the type of elements to be included, subject to the requirements outlined in the requirements for individual assessments/tests and competitions.

International Skating Union

The International Skating Union (ISU) is the exclusive international sport federation recognized by the International Olympic Committee administering the sports of Figure Skating and Speed Skating throughout the world. The ISU is composed of a number of national associations called ISU Members that administer ISU sports at the national level and recognize that all international matters are under the sole jurisdiction and control of the ISU.

Jump Combination

Singles and Pairs: Two or more jumps in which the landing foot of the first jump is the take-off foot of the next jump and so on. There is no change of foot or turn between the jumps, although the toe may be used to assist the take-off. One full revolution on the ice between the jumps (free foot can touch the ice, but no weight transfer) keeps the element within the definition of a jump combination.

Synchronized Skating: Any number of jumps of at least one revolution that may be linked with turns, steps or with a slight touch down.

Jump Combinations

Singles and Pairs: Two or more jumps in which the landing foot of the first jump is the take-off foot of the next jump and so on. There is no change of foot or turn between the jumps, although the toe may be used to assist the take-off. One full revolution on the ice between the jumps (free foot can touch the ice, but no weight transfer) keeps the element within the definition of a jump combination.

Synchronized Skating: Any number of jumps of at least one revolution that may be linked with turns, steps or with a slight touch down.

Jump Elements

An individual jump, a jump combination or a jump sequence. In some jumps, the toe of the free foot is used during the take-off phase. The number of rotations is based on the direction of travel of the take-off and landing edges. In ice dance a jump cannot be more than one revolution, and may be executed by only one partner at a time. This jump may be performed either in hold or separated.  Both partners may jump at the same time.

Jump Sequence

Singles and Pairs: May consist of any number of jumps of any number of revolutions that may be linked by non-listed jumps and/or hops immediately following each other while maintaining the jump rhythm (knee); there can be no turns/steps, crossovers or stroking during the sequence. Any hop inside the sequence requires that the skater visibly leaves the ice.

In a jump sequence an axel type jump can follow another jump providing the requirements above are present.  The movement to the take-off edge is not considered to be a step.  If an axel type jump immediately follows any other jump without any hops, mazurkas, and/or unlisted jumps, this will be considered   a jump sequence.  A listed jump followed by non-listed jumps is not considered a jump sequence but will count as a solo jump.

Synchronized Skating: Consists of any number of jumps of any number of revolutions that may be linked with small hops and dance jumps, immediately following each other while maintaining the jump rhythm (knee); there can be no crossovers or stroking between jumps during the sequence.

Jump Sequences

Singles and Pairs: May consist of any number of jumps of any number of revolutions that may be linked by non-listed jumps and/or hops immediately following each other while maintaining the jump rhythm (knee); there can be no turns/steps, crossovers or stroking during the sequence. Any hop inside the sequence requires that the skater visibly leaves the ice.

In a jump sequence an axel type jump can follow another jump providing the requirements above are present.  The movement to the take-off edge is not considered to be a step.  If an axel type jump immediately follows any other jump without any hops, mazurkas, and/or unlisted jumps, this will be considered   a jump sequence.  A listed jump followed by non-listed jumps is not considered a jump sequence but will count as a solo jump.

Synchronized Skating: Consists of any number of jumps of any number of revolutions that may be linked with small hops and dance jumps, immediately following each other while maintaining the jump rhythm (knee); there can be no crossovers or stroking between jumps during the sequence.

Loop

A one-foot movement where the skater skates an oval pattern using the same edge. The entry and exit of the loop must cross. The loop must be clean cut without scrapes or points

Loops

A one-foot movement where the skater skates an oval pattern using the same edge. The entry and exit of the loop must cross. The loop must be clean cut without scrapes or points

Measure

A unit of music which is defined by the periodic recurrence of the accent. Such units are of equal number of beats.

Pattern Dance Element

A series of prescribed steps, turns and movements in a short dance consisting of a sequence of a pattern dance or a section of a pattern dance or a combination of steps/turns from pattern dances

Pivot

A two-footed movement in which the toe picks of one foot are inserted into the ice by a skater as a central pivoting point while the other foot travels in a circular pattern around the pivot point.

Pivoting

A two-footed movement in which the toe picks of one foot are inserted into the ice by a skater as a central pivoting point while the other foot travels in a circular pattern around the pivot point.

Point of Intersection

In synchronized skating, the point of intersection is an additional feature for the intersection element.

Rhythm

The regularly repeated pattern of accented and unaccented beats which gives the music its character.

Sectionals

A championship that qualifies athletes toward and including but not limited to Skate Canada Challenge and the Canadian Figure Skating Championships.

Segment

The name given to a portion of an event.  Some categories have two segments (e.g., short program and free program) and some categories have only one segment (e.g., Juvenile singles).

Sequence

The set order of the prescribed steps that compose one pattern (sequence) of a Pattern Dance.

Sequences

The set order of the prescribed steps that compose one pattern (sequence) of a Pattern Dance.

Set of Synchronized Twizzles

In ice dance, a series of two twizzles with up to three steps between twizzles.

Short Lift

A dance lift which does not exceed seven seconds in duration.

Short Lifts

A dance lift which does not exceed seven seconds in duration.

Solo Spin

In ice dance, a spinning movement performed on one foot on the spot by one partner alone (with or without the assistance of the other partner) or by both partners simultaneously (around separate centers).

Spin

In singles and pairs, a spin must have at least three revolutions to be considered a spin. The minimum number of revolutions in a position is two without interruption.  If this requirement is not fulfilled, the position is not counted. The change of foot in any spin must be preceded and followed by a spin position with at least three (3) revolutions. If one foot is lacking three revolutions in a basic position, the spin will receive less value. If the skater(s) falls when entering a spin, a spin or a spinning movement is allowed immediately after this fall (for filling time purpose) with this spin/movement not being counted as an element.

Spins

In singles and pairs, a spin must have at least three revolutions to be considered a spin. The minimum number of revolutions in a position is two without interruption.  If this requirement is not fulfilled, the position is not counted. The change of foot in any spin must be preceded and followed by a spin position with at least three (3) revolutions. If one foot is lacking three revolutions in a basic position, the spin will receive less value. If the skater(s) falls when entering a spin, a spin or a spinning movement is allowed immediately after this fall (for filling time purpose) with this spin/movement not being counted as an element.

Spiral

A gliding position executed on one foot with free leg extended (including knee and foot) above hip level.

Spiral Sequence

A collection of at least two spirals executed on different feet, separated by no more than four steps (eight steps for STAR 2) not including the step taken into the skating foot of the second spiral.  (A step in this case applies to any time a change of foot takes place, e.g. Mohawk = 2 steps, 3-turn = 1 step, crosscut = 2 steps). Some categories have requirements for supported/unsupported and/or direction of spirals.

Step

The visible tracing on the ice that is executed on one foot. A step is counted each time there is a change of foot.

Steps

The visible tracing on the ice that is executed on one foot. A step is counted each time there is a change of foot.

Tempo

The speed of the music in beats or measures per minute.

Toe Loop

Turns

A rotational movement in which the skater moves from forward to backward or backward to forward using one foot and on an edge and axis (e.g. Three-turn, Bracket). In a two-foot turn the rotational movement from forward to backward or backward to forward is from one foot to the other foot (e.g. Mohawk, Choctaw).

Twizzle

A traveling turn on one foot with one or more rotations which is quickly rotated with a continuous, uninterrupted action. The weight remains on the skating foot with the free foot in any position during the turn then placed beside the skating foot to skate the next step. A series of checked three-turns is not acceptable as this does not constitute a single action. If the traveling action stops during the execution, the twizzle, it becomes a solo spin (pirouette)

Twizzles

A traveling turn on one foot with one or more rotations which is quickly rotated with a continuous, uninterrupted action. The weight remains on the skating foot with the free foot in any position during the turn then placed beside the skating foot to skate the next step. A series of checked three-turns is not acceptable as this does not constitute a single action. If the traveling action stops during the execution, the twizzle, it becomes a solo spin (pirouette)

Non-qualifying competitions held between January 1 and June 30 of any given year may use either the current or the next season’s program requirements.
Changes in requirements for the next season can be found on the Notice Board located on the Skate Canada Membership Site.

Singles

Pre-Juvenile Singles

Test: Must have passed the complete STAR 5 (Junior Bronze) Free Skate Test or higher

Age: Pre-Juvenile Singles competitors are grouped in two age categories:

  • U11: must not have reached the age of 11 before July 1 preceding the event
  • U13: must not have reached the age of 13 before July 1 preceding the event

These competitions consist of a free skating program to music of two minutes 30 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds). A well-balanced Pre-Juvenile Singles free skating program contains:

  • Maximum of five jump elements
    • must include five different jump types, one of which must be an axel type jump
    • maximum of two jump combinations: maximum of two jumps in a combination, one with toe loop as second jump and one with loop as second jump
    • no jump sequences
    • no jump may be included more than twice
    • a repeated jump must be executed as part of a jump combination
  • Maximum of two spins, called to maximum Level Base
    • combination spin with change of foot; minimum of three revolutions on each foot; no flying entry; difficult variations permitted
    • flying camel or flying sit spin; minimum of four revolutions; no change of foot or position; no difficult variations permitted
  • Maximum of one spiral sequence, called to maximum Level Base

Juvenile Singles

Test: Must have passed the complete STAR 5 (Junior Bronze) Free Skate Test or higher

Age: Juvenile Singles competitors are grouped in two age categories:

  • U12: must not have reached the age of 12 before July 1 preceding the event
  • U14: must not have reached the age of 14 before July 1 preceding the event

These competitions consist of a free skating program to music of two minutes 30 seconds (plus or minus 10 seconds). A well-balanced Juvenile Singles free skating program contains:

  • Maximum of five jump elements
    • must include six different jump types, one of which must be an axel type jump
    • maximum of two jump combinations: maximum of two jumps in a combination, one with toe loop as second jump and one with loop as second jump
    • no jump sequences
    • no jump may be included more than twice
    • a repeated jump must be executed as part of a jump combination
  • Maximum of two spins: called to maximum Level Base
    • combination spin with change of foot; minimum of three revolutions on each foot; no flying entry; difficult variations permitted
    • flying camel or flying sit spin, minimum of four revolutions; no change of foot or position; no difficult variations permitted
  • Maximum of one step sequence, called to maximum Level Base: must cover at least half the ice surface

Pre-Novice Singles

Test: Must have passed the complete STAR 5 (Junior Bronze) Free Skate Test

Age: Pre-Novice Singles competitors must not have reached the age of 16 before July 1 preceding the event

These competitions consist of two parts: Short Program and Free Program

Short Program

A short program to music a maximum of two minutes 30 seconds in length containing the following elements:

  • Single or double axel
  • Double or triple solo jump
    • must be double loop or higher base value jump
  • Jump combination
    • two double jumps or one double and one triple jump or two triple jumps
    • double axel may be repeated
    • solo jump may not be repeated
    • same jumps permitted in jump combination
  • Solo spin, called to maximum Level 3:
    • women - choice of layback/sideways leaning spin, sit spin or camel spin; minimum of five revolutions, no change of foot
    • men - camel spin with one change of foot, minimum of four revolutions on each foot
  • Combination spin with change of foot, called to maximum Level 3: minimum of four revolutions on each foot; no flying entry; only one change of foot
  • Step Sequence called to maximum Level 3: must almost fully utilize the ice surface

Free Program

A free skating program to music of three minutes in length (plus or minus 10 seconds). A well-balanced Pre-Novice free skating program contains:

  • Maximum of six jump elements
    • one jump must be an axel type jump
    • maximum of three combinations/sequences: maximum of two jumps in a combination
    • no jump may be included more than twice
    • a repeated jump must be executed as part of a jump combination or sequence
  • Maximum of three spins, called to maximum Level 3
    • combination spin with change of foot; minimum of four revolutions on each foot; flying entry optional
    • flying sit spin or flying camel spin; minimum of five revolutions; one position, no change of foot
    • one spin of any nature; minimum of five revolutions; flying entry optional
  • Maximum of one choreographic sequence

Novice Singles

Test: Must have passed the complete Gold Free Skating Test

Age: Novice Singles competitors must not have reached the age of 17 before July 1 preceding the event

These competitions consist of two parts: Short Program and Free Program

Short Program

A short program to music a maximum of two minutes 30 seconds in length containing the following elements:

  • Single or double axel
  • Double or triple jump: double axel may not be repeated
  • Jump combination: two double jumps or one double and one triple jump or two triple jumps
    • no repetition of double axel or solo jump
    • same jumps permitted in jump combination
  • Solo spin:
    • women - choice of layback/sideways leaning spin, sit spin or camel spin; minimum of six revolutions; no change of foot;
    • men - camel spin with one change of foot; minimum of five revolutions on each foot
  • Combination spin with change of foot: minimum of five revolutions on each foot; no flying entry; only one change of foot
  • Step Sequence: must almost fully utilize the ice surface

Free Program

A free skating program to music of:

  • Women: three minutes in length (plus or minus 10 seconds) 
  • Men: three minutes 30 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds)

A well-balanced Novice Singles free skating program contains:

  • Maximum of six jump elements for women, maximum of seven jump elements for men:
    • one jump must be an axel type jump
    • maximum of three jump combinations/sequences; one jump combination may contain three jumps
    • no jump may be included more than twice
    • a repeated jump must be executed as part of a jump combination
  • Maximum of three spins:
    • combination spin with change of foot; minimum of five revolutions on each foot; flying entry optional
    • flying sit spin or flying camel spin; minimum of six revolutions; one position, no change of foot
    • one spin of any nature, minimum of six revolutions; flying entry optional
  • Maximum of one choreographic sequence

Junior Singles

Test: Must have passed the complete Gold Free Skating Test

Age: Junior Singles competitors must not have reached the age of 19 before July 1 preceding the competition

These competitions consist of two parts as defined by the ISU: Short Program and Free Program

Short Program

A short program to music of two minutes 40 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds) containing the group of elements announced by the ISU for the current season.

Women:

  • Double axel
  • Double or triple flip
  • Jump combination: two double jumps or one double and one triple jump or two triple jumps
    • no repetition of double axel or double or triple lutz
    • same jumps permitted in the jump combination
  • Layback/sideways leaning spin or sit spin: no flying entry; minimum of eight revolutions; no change of foot or position
  • Flying camel spin: minimum of eight revolutions in the landing position which may be different from the flying position; the required eight revolutions can be executed in any variation of the landing position
  • Combination spin with change of foot: only one change of foot; minimum of six revolutions on each foot
  • Step sequence: must almost fully utilize the ice surface

Men:

  • Double or triple axel
  • Double or triple flip
  • Jump combination: one double and one triple jump or two triple jumps
    • no repetition of double axel or double or triple flip
    • same jumps permitted in the jump combination
  • Flying camel spin: minimum of eight revolutions in the landing position which may be different from the flying position; the required eight revolutions can be executed in any variation of the landing position
  • Sit spin with only one change of foot: change of foot may be in the form of a step over or a jump; minimum of six revolutions on each foot
  • Combination spin with change of foot: only one change of foot; minimum of six revolutions on each foot
  • Step sequence: must almost fully utilize the ice surface

Free Program

A free skating program to music three minutes 30 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds).  A well-balanced Junior free skating program contains:

  • Maximum of seven jump elements
    • one jump must be an axel type jump
    • maximum of three jump combinations/sequences; one jump combination may contain three jumps
    • any double jump cannot be included more than twice
    • of all the triple and quadruple jumps, only two can be executed twice; of the two, only one can be a quadruple jump
  • Maximum of three spins:
    • one combination spin; minimum of 10 revolutions
    • one flying spin or spin with a flying entrance; minimum of six revolutions
    • one spin with only one position; minimum of six revolutions
    • change of foot optional in all spins
  • Maximum of one step sequence: must almost fully utilize the ice surface

Senior Singles

Test: Must have passed the complete Gold Free Skating Test

Age: No age requirement

These competitions consist of two parts as defined by the ISU: Short Program and Free Program

Short Program

A short program to music of two minutes 40 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds) containing the group of elements announced by the ISU for the current season.

Women:

  • Double or triple axel
  • Triple jump
  • Jump combination: one double and one triple jump or two triple jumps
    • no repetition of double or triple axel; no repetition of solo triple jump
    • same jumps permitted in jump combination
  • Flying spin: minimum of eight revolutions in the landing position which may be different from the flying position; landing position must be different from the solo spin; the required eight revolutions can be executed in any variation of the landing position
  • Layback/sideways leaning spin or sit spin or camel spin: no flying entry; minimum of eight revolutions; no change of foot or position; position must be different from the landing position of the flying spin
  • Combination spin with change of foot: only one change of foot; minimum of six revolutions on each foot
  • Step sequence: must almost fully cover the ice surface

Men:

  • Double or triple axel
  • Triple or quadruple jump
  • Jump combination: one double and one triple jump or two triple jumps or one quad and one double or one quad and one triple jump
    • no repetition of double or triple axel; no repetition of solo triple or quadruple jump
    • same jumps permitted in jump combination
  • Flying spin: minimum of eight revolutions in the landing position which may be different from the flying position; landing position must be different from the solo spin; the required eight revolutions can be executed in any variation of the landing position
  • Camel spin or sit spin with only one change of foot: must be different from the landing position of the flying spin; minimum of six revolutions on each foot; change of foot may be in the form of a step over or a jump
  • Combination spin with change of foot: only one change of foot; minimum of six revolutions on each foot
  • Step sequence: must almost fully utilize the ice surface

Free Program

A free skating program to music four minutes in length (plus or minus 10 seconds).

A well-balanced Senior free skating program contains:

  • Maximum of seven jump elements
    • One must be an axel type jump
    • Maximum of three jump combinations/sequences; one jump combination may contain three jumps
    • any double jump cannot be included more than twice
    • of all the triple and quadruple jumps only two can be executed twice; of the two, only one can be a quadruple jump
  • Maximum of three spins:
    • one combination spin; minimum of 10 revolutions
    • one flying spin or spin with a flying entrance; minimum of six revolutions
    • one spin with only one position; minimum of six revolutions
    • change of foot optional in all spins
  • Maximum of one step sequence
  • Maximum of one choreographic sequence

Pairs

Pre-Juvenile Pairs

Test: Must have passed the complete STAR 5 (Junior Bronze) Free Skate Test or higher

Age: Pre-Juvenile Pairs competitors must not have reached the age of 14 before July 1 preceding the event

This competition consists of a free skating program to music of two minutes 30 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds). A well-balanced Pre-Juvenile Pairs free skating program contains:

  • Maximum of one throw jump
  • Maximum of two jump elements:
    • one must be a solo jump
    • the other jump may be a solo jump or a combination (maximum of two jumps in combination) or sequence
  • Maximum of one solo spin, called to maximum Level Base: may be in combination; change of foot optional; minimum of three revolutions
  • Maximum of one pair spin, called to maximum Level Base: must be in one position; no change of foot; minimum of three revolutions
  • Maximum of one pivot figure or death spiral, called to maximum Level Base
  • Maximum of one spiral sequence, called to maximum Level Base

Juvenile Pairs

Test: Must have passed the complete STAR 5 (Junior Bronze) Free Skate test or higher

Age: Juvenile Pairs competitors must not have reached the age of 16 before July 1 preceding the event

This competition consists of a free skating program to music of two minutes 30 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds). A well-balanced Juvenile Pairs free skating program contains:

  • Maximum of one lift, called to a maximum Level Base
    • any non-overhead lift permitted
    • Group 1, Group 2 or any Group Juvenile non-overhead lift
  • Maximum of one twist lift: must be a single; called to maximum Level Base
  • Maximum of one throw jump
  • Maximum of two jump elements:
    • one must be a solo jump
    • the other jump may be a solo jump or in combination (maximum of two jumps in a combination) or sequence
  • Maximum of one solo spin, called to maximum Level Base: may be in combination; change of foot optional; minimum of three revolutions
  • Maximum of one pair spin, called to maximum Level Base: may not be in combination (may have a change of foot or change of position but not both); minimum of three revolutions
  • Maximum of one pivot figure or death spiral, called to maximum Level Base
  • Maximum of one step sequence, called to maximum Level Base: must cover at least half the ice surface

Pre-Novice Pairs

Test: Must have passed the complete STAR 5 (Junior Bronze) Free Skate Test

Age: Pre-Novice Pairs competitors must not have reached the age of 18 before July 1 preceding the event

This competition consists of two parts: Short Program and Free Program

Short Program

A short program to music a maximum of two minutes 50 seconds in length containing the following elements:

  • One lift, called to maximum Level 2:
    • must be from Group 1,2,3 or 4
    • no credit feature - change of rotational direction by the man
  • Single or double twist, called to maximum Level 2
  • Single or double throw jump: no double axel throw jump permitted; flip and lutz are considered the same throw jumps
  • Solo jump: single axel or any double jump
  • Pair spin or pair spin combination, called to maximum Level 2: minimum of four revolutions
  • Any death spiral, called to maximum Level 2
  • Step sequence: must almost fully utilize the ice surface

Free Program

A free skating program to music of three minutes in length (plus or minus 10 seconds). A well-balanced Pre-Novice Pairs free skating program contains:

  • Maximum of two lifts, called to maximum Level 2:
    • from different groups;
    • one must be from Group 1, 2, 3 or 4
    • no credit features – change of rotational direction by man, and carry
  • Maximum of one twist lift, single or double, called to maximum Level 2
  • Maximum of two different throw jumps; flip and lutz are considered the same throw jumps
  • Maximum of two jump elements:
    • one solo jump
    • one jump combination (maximum of two jumps in a combination) or sequence
  • Maximum of one solo spin, called to maximum Level 2: may be a combination; change of foot optional; minimum of four revolutions
  • Maximum of one death spiral, called to maximum Level 2
  • Maximum of one choreographic sequence

Novice Pairs

Test: Must have passed the complete Senior Silver Free Skating Test

Age: No age requirements

This competition consists of two parts: Short Program and Free Program

Short Program

A short program to music a maximum of two minutes 50 seconds in length containing the following elements:

  • One lift: any hand to hand lift take-off, Group 4
    • no credit features – change of rotational direction by man
  • Single or double twist lift; take-off must be flip or lutz
  • Double salchow throw jump
  • Solo jump: double flip or double axel
  • Solo spin combination: only one change of foot with a minimum of four revolutions on each foot by both partners
  • Backward outside death spiral
  • Step sequence: must almost fully utilize the ice surface

Free Program

A free skating program to music of three minutes 30 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds). A well-balanced Novice Pairs free skating program contains:

  • Maximum of two lifts:
    • must be from different groups
    • at least one must be from Group 3 or 4
    • no credit feature – change of rotational direction by man
  • Maximum of one twist lift, single or double
  • Maximum of two different throw jumps; flip and lutz are considered the same throw jumps
  • Maximum of two jump elements:
    • one solo jump
    • one jump combination (maximum of two jumps) or sequence
  • Maximum of one pair spin: may be in combination; minimum of eight revolutions
  • Maximum of one death spiral
  • Maximum of one choreographic sequence

Junior Pairs

Test: Must have passed the complete Gold Free Skating Test

Age: No age requirements for competitions in Canada

This competition consists of two parts as defined by the ISU: Short Program and Free Program

Short Program

A short program to music of two minutes 40 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds) containing the group of elements announced by the ISU for the current season:

  • Any hand to hand lift take-off, Group 4
  • Double or triple twist lift; take off must be flip or lutz
  • Double or triple salchow throw jump
  • Double flip or double axel solo jump
  • Solo spin combination: only one change of foot with a minimum of five revolutions on each foot by both partners; change of foot may be executed in the form of a step over or a jump; change of foot and change of positions may be made either at the same time or separately
  • Backward outside death spiral
  • Step sequence: must almost fully utilize the ice surface

Free Program

A free skating program to music of three minutes 30 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds).  A well-balanced Junior Pairs free skating program contains:

  • Maximum of two lifts:
    • not all from the same group
    • lifts with at least one continuous revolution of the man may include a carry; only the first carry included in the one of such lift can be counted for a possible level feature
  • Maximum of one twist lift
  • Maximum of two different throw jumps; flip and lutz are considered the same throw jumps
  • Maximum of one solo jump
  • Maximum of one jump combination (two or three jumps in a combination) or sequence
    • All jumps (of solo jump, jump combination and jump sequence) of more than one rotation, must be of a different nature (different name) however the jump combination or sequence can include two same such jumps
  • Maximum of one pair spin combination: must have at least one change of foot which does not have to be executed by both partners at the same time; minimum of eight revolutions
  • Maximum of one death spiral
  • Maximum of one choreographic sequence

Senior Pairs

Test: Must have passed the complete Gold Free Skating Test

Age: No age requirement

This competition consists of two parts as defined by the ISU: Short Program and Free Program

Short Program

A short program to music of two minutes 40 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds) A well-balanced Senior Pairs short program contains:

  • Any hand to hand lift take-off, Group 4
  • Double or triple twist lift; take off must be flip or lutz
  • Double or triple throw jump; flip and lutz are considered the same throw jumps
  • Double or triple solo jump
  • Solo spin combination: only one change of foot with a minimum of five revolutions on each foot by both partners; change of foot may be executed in the form of a step over or a jump; change of foot and change of positions may be made either at the same time or separately
  • Backward outside death spiral
  • Step sequence: must almost fully utilize the ice surface

Free Program

A free skating program to music of four minutes in length (plus or minus 10 seconds).  A well-balanced Senior Pairs free program contains:

  • Maximum of three lifts: not all from the same group
    • if two Group 5 lifts are executed, the take-offs must be of a different nature (different abbreviations)
    • lifts with at least one continuous revolution of the man may include a carry; only the first carry included in the one of such lift can be counted for a possible level feature
  • Maximum of one twist lift
  • Maximum of two different throw jumps; flip and lutz are considered the same throw jumps
  • Maximum of one solo jump
  • Maximum of one jump combination (two or three jumps in a combination) or sequence
    • All jumps (of solo jump, jump combination and jump sequence) of more than two rotations (double axel and all triple and quadruple jumps), must be of a different nature (different name) however the jump combination or sequence can include two same such jumps
  • Maximum of one pair spin combination: must have at least one change of foot which does not have to be executed by both partners at the same time; minimum of eight revolutions
  • Maximum of one death spiral different from the death spiral of the short program
  • Maximum of one choreographic sequence

Ice Dance

Pre-Juvenile Dance

Test: Must have passed the complete STAR 5 (Junior Bronze) Dance Test or higher

Age: Pre-Juvenile Dance competitors must not have reached the age of 14 before July 1 preceding the event

This competition consists of two parts: Pattern Dance and Free Dance

Pattern Dance

Two pattern dances:

  • Fiesta Tango (three sequences)
  • Willow Waltz (two sequences)

Free Dance

A free dance to music of two minutes in length (plus or minus 10 seconds). A well-balanced Pre-Juvenile free dance contains:

  • Maximum of one short lift not exceeding seven seconds: stationary, curve or straight line; called to maximum Level 2
  • Maximum of one dance spin, called to maximum Level 2: simple spin or combination type
  • Maximum of one set of synchronized twizzles, called to maximum Level 2
  • Maximum of one step sequence, called to maximum Level 1: Style B
    • any shape
    • no required holds
    • a ‘not touching’ step sequence is not permitted
    • stops, pattern retrogressions and loops are not permitted
    • other required elements may not be skated in the required step sequence

Juvenile Dance

Test: Must have passed the complete STAR 5 (Junior Bronze) Dance test or higher

Age: Juvenile Dance competitors must not have reached the age of 16 before July 1 preceding the event

This competition consists of two parts: Pattern Dance and Free Dance

Pattern Dance

Two pattern dances:

  • Ten Fox (three sequences)
  • European Waltz (two sequences)

Free Dance

A free dance to music of two minutes in length (plus or minus 10 seconds). A well-balanced Juvenile free dance contains:

  • Maximum of one short lift not exceeding seven seconds: stationary, curve or straight line
  • Maximum of one dance spin, called to maximum Level 2: simple spin or combination type
  • Maximum of one set of synchronized twizzles
  • Maximum of one step sequence: Style B
    • any shape
    • no required holds
    • a ‘not touching’ step sequence is not permitted
    • stops, pattern retrogressions and loops are not permitted
    • separations not permitted except to change hold; no more than two arms lengths apart; must not exceed one measure of music
    • other required elements may not be skated in the required step sequence

Pre-Novice Dance

Test: Must have passed the complete STAR 5 (Junior Bronze) Dance test or higher

Age: Pre-Novice Dance competitors must not have reached the age of 18 before July 1 preceding the event

This competition consists of two parts: Pattern Dance and Free Dance

Pattern Dance

Four pattern dances will be communicated each season. Two of the four will be selected for competition.

  • Summer
    • Harris Tango (two sequences)
    • Blues (three sequences)
  • Sectionals and Challenge
    • Starlight Waltz (two sequences)
    • Blues (three sequences)

Free Dance

A free dance to music of two minutes 30 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds). A well -balanced Pre-Novice free dance contains:

  • Maximum of two different short lifts not exceeding seven seconds: stationary, curve, straight line or rotational
  • Maximum of one dance spin: simple spin or combination type
  • Maximum of one set of synchronized twizzles
  • Maximum of one step sequence: Style B
    • any shape
    • no required holds
    • a 'not touching' step sequence is not permitted
    • stops, pattern retrogressions and loops are not permitted
    • separations not permitted except to change hold; no more than two arms lengths apart; must not exceed one measure of music
    • other required elements may not be skated in the required step sequence

Novice Dance

Test: Must have passed at least two pattern dances from the Gold Dance Test or higher

Age: Shall meet ISU Junior age criteria (maximum age limit only applies: women must not have reached the age of 19 and men must not have reached the age of 21 before July 1 preceding the competition).

This competition consists of two parts: Pattern Dance and Free Dance

Pattern Dance

Two dances scored using Key Points

  • Starlight Waltz (two sequences)
  • Argentine Tango (two sequences)

Free Dance

A free dance to music of three minutes in length (plus or minus 10 seconds). A well-balanced Novice free dance contains:

  • Maximum of two different short lifts not exceeding seven seconds OR a maximum of one combination lift not exceeding 12 seconds
    • the two types of short lifts forming the combination lift must be of a different type: two rotational lifts in different directions or two curve lifts on two different curves forming a serpentine pattern or two different types of short lifts
  • Maximum of one dance spin: simple spin type or combination type
  • Maximum of one set of synchronized twizzles
  • Maximum of two different step sequences: one Style A performed in hold; one Style B not touching step sequence
    • may be performed in any order
    • one must be straight (midline, diagonal) and the other must be curved (circular, serpentine)
    • serpentine is not permissible as a not touching step sequence
  • Maximum of one choreographic element:
    • choreographic lift or choreographic twizzling movement must be performed after the required element of the same type
    • choreographic spinning movement may be performed anywhere in the program

Junior Dance

Test: Must have passed the complete Gold Dance Test or higher

Age: Must meet ISU Junior age criteria (maximum age limit only applies: women must not have reached the age of 19 and men must not have reached the age of 21 before July 1 preceding the competition).

This competition consists of two parts as defined by the ISU and announced annually in an ISU Communication: Rhythm Dance and Free Dance

Rhythm Dance

A rhythm dance to music of two minutes 50 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds), unless otherwise decided by the Ice Dance Technical Committee and announced in an ISU Communication. The elements for the Junior Rhythm Dance are:

  • Pattern Dance element: two sections of Argentine Tango, with the range of tempo 24 measures of four beats per minute (96 beats per minute) plus or minus two beats per minute; to be skated one after the other
    • Section 1 steps #1-18; Section 2 steps #19-31
    • Option 1: section 1 followed by section 2 with step #1 skated on judges’ left side
    • Option 2: section 2 followed by section 1 with step #19 skated on the judges’ right side
    • skated to Tango rhythm and must be in the style of the chosen rhythm
    • the tempo of the music throughout the pattern dance element must be constant
  • Maximum of one short lift, maximum of seven seconds duration
  • One step sequence in hold or not touching or combination of both (Style B); choice of pattern, midline, diagonal or circular; pattern must maintain the integrity or basic shape of the chosen pattern
    • specifications to Style B, Rhythm Dance: one stop permitted, maximum five seconds; one retrogression up to two measures of music is permitted and may start from the permitted stop; loops not permitted; the hold requirement is not considered for Level
  • One combination set of sequential twizzles: at least two twizzles for each partner; maximum one step between twizzles

These are basic requirements. See ISU Communications 2148 and 2167 for more detailed information pertaining to the Junior Rhythm Dance.

Free Dance

A free dance to music of three minutes 30 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds).

A well balanced Junior free dance contains:

  • Maximum of two short lifts (must be different types) or one combination lift
  • Maximum of one dance spin: spin or combination spin
  • Maximum of two step sequences
    • one step sequence in hold (Style B) as described in ISU Communication 2148: one retrogression permitted (must not exceed two measure of music); separations permitted, no more than two arms lengths apart, maximum five seconds; loops not permitted; hand in hand hold with fully extended arms not permitted; stops not permitted; pattern must maintain the integrity or basic shape of the chosen pattern
    • one combination one-foot step sequence: turns performed simultaneously on one foot by each partner not touching
  • One combination set of synchronized twizzles
    • at least two twizzles for each partner with maximum three steps between twizzles; partners may be in hold during the connecting steps
  • Two different choreographic elements chosen from: choreographic lift, choreographic spinning movement, choreographic twizzling movement, choreographic sliding movement, choreographic character step sequence. See ISU Communication 2148 for detailed requirements of the choreographic elements

These are basic requirements. See ISU Communications 2148 and 2167 for more detailed information pertaining to the Junior Free Dance.

Senior Dance

Test: Must have passed the complete Gold Dance Test or higher

Age: No age requirement

This competition consists of two parts as defined by the ISU and announced annually in an ISU Communication: Rhythm Dance and Free Dance.

Rhythm Dance

A rhythm dance to music of two minutes 50 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds, unless otherwise decided by the Ice Dance Technical Committee and announced in an ISU Communication). The elements for the Senior Rhythm Dance are:

  • Pattern Dance element: two sections of Tango Romantica, with the range of tempo 28 measures of four beats per minute (112 beats per minute plus or minus two beats per minute); to be skated one after the other
    • Section 1 steps #1-27; Section 2 steps #28-49
    • Section 1 followed by section 2 with step #1 skated on judges’ left side
    • skated to Tango rhythm and must be in the style of the chosen rhythm
    • the tempo of the music throughout the pattern dance element must be constant
  • Maximum of one short lift, maximum of seven seconds duration
  • One step sequence in hold or not touching or combination of both (Style B); choice of pattern, midline, diagonal or circular; pattern must maintain the integrity or basic shape of the chosen pattern
    • specifications to Style B, Rhythm Dance: one stop permitted, maximum five seconds; one retrogression up to two measures of music is permitted and may start from the permitted stop; loops not permitted; the hold requirement is not considered for Level
  • One combination set of sequential twizzles: at least two twizzles for each partner; maximum one step between twizzles

These are basic requirements. See current ISU Communications for more detailed information pertaining to the Senior Short Dance.

Free Dance

A free dance to music of four minutes in length (plus or minus 10 seconds).  A well-balanced Senior free dance program contains:

  • Maximum of three short lifts (must be different types) or one short lift and one combination lift
  • Maximum of one dance spin: spin or combination spin
  • Maximum of two step sequences
    • one step sequence in hold (Style B) as described in ISU Communicated 2148: one retrogression permitted (must not exceed two measure of music); separations permitted, no more than two arms lengths apart, maximum five seconds; loops not permitted; hand in hand hold with fully extended arms not permitted; stops not permitted; pattern must maintain the integrity or basic shape of the chosen pattern
    • one combination one-foot step sequence: turns performed simultaneously on one foot by each partner not touching
  • One combination set of synchronized twizzles
    • at least two twizzles for each partner with maximum three steps between twizzles; partners may be in hold during the connecting steps
  • Three different choreographic elements one of which must be a choreographic character step sequence; Two additional chosen from: choreographic lift, choreographic spinning movement, choreographic twizzling movement, choreographic sliding movement. See ISU Communication 2148 for detailed requirements of the choreographic elements

These are basic requirements. See ISU Communications 2148 and 2167 for more detailed information pertaining to the Senior Free Dance

Synchronized Skating

For all category program requirements, the following will apply:

Transitions: Additional elements are allowed but they must be labeled as “Transitions” on the Planned Program Content sheet

Pre-Juvenile Synchro

Teams consist of eight to 16 skaters

Age: Skaters must not have reached the age of 12 before July 1 preceding the competition

The team must perform a free skating program to music a maximum of two minutes forty seconds in length. A well-balanced Pre-Juvenile Synchro program contains:

  • Intersection element with optional point of intersection
  • Pivoting element - block
  • Rotating element - circle
  • Linear element - line
  • Rotating element - wheel

If there is a second segment, the team will perform its free program a second time.

Juvenile Synchro

Teams consist of eight to 16 skaters.

Age: Skaters must not have reached the age of 15 and at least 75% of the skaters must not have reached the age of 13 before July 1 preceding the competition.

The team must perform a free skating program to music a maximum of three minutes 10 seconds in length. A well-balanced Juvenile Synchro program contains:

  • Intersection element with optional point of intersection
  • Move element
  • No hold element with optional step sequence
  • Pivoting element - block
  • Traveling element - wheel
  • Choice of linear element line OR rotating element

If there is a second segment, the team will perform its free program a second time.

Pre-Novice Synchro

Teams consist of eight to 16 skaters.

Age: Skaters must have reached the age of 12 but must not have reached the age of 18 before July 1 preceding the competition.

Free Program: The team will perform a free skating program to music a maximum of three minutes 10 seconds in length. A well-balanced Pre-Novice Synchro program contains:

  • Intersection element with optional point of intersection
  • Move element
  • No hold element with optional step sequence
  • Pivoting element - block
  • Traveling element - wheel
  • Choice of linear element line or rotating element
  • Choice of creative element intersection or mixed element

If there is a second segment, the team will perform its free program a second time.

Novice Synchro

Teams consist of 12 to 16 skaters.

Age: Skaters must have reached the age of 10 but must not have reached the age of 15 before July 1 preceding the competition

This competition consists of two parts: Free Program #1 and Free Program #2.  The same free program is skated in both parts.

Free Program #1

A free skating program to music of three minutes in length (plus or minus 10 seconds). A well-balanced Novice Synchro program contains:

  • Intersection element with optional point of intersection
  • Move element
  • No hold element with optional step sequence
  • Pivoting element - block
  • Travelling element - wheel
  • Choice of one artistic element chosen from block, line, circle and/or wheel
  • Choice of creative element intersection or mixed element

The total score of the free program will be multiplied by a factor of 0.5 for the first segment of the event

Free Program #2

The team will perform a free skating program as defined above. The total score will be multiplied by a factor of 1.0 for the second segment of the event.

Intermediate Synchro

Teams consist of 12 to 16 skaters.

Age: Skaters must have reached the age of 13 but must not have reached the age of 19 before July 1 preceding the competition

This competition consists of two parts: Free Program #1 and Free Program #2.  The same free program is skated in both parts.

Free Program #1

A free skating program to music of three minutes 30 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds). A well-balanced Intermediate Synchro program contains:

  • Intersection element with optional point of intersection
  • Move element
  • No hold element with optional step sequence
  • Travelling element - wheel
  • Choice of synchronized spin element or pair element
  • Choice of creative element intersection or mixed element
  • Choice of two different artistic elements chosen from block, line, circle and/or wheel

The total score of the free program will be multiplied by a factor of 0.5 for the first segment of the event.

Free Program #2

The team shall perform a free skating program as defined above. The total score will be multiplied by a factor of 1.0 for the second segment of the event.

Open Synchro

Teams consist of 12 to 16 skaters.

Age: Skaters must have reached the age of 15 before July 1 preceding the competition

This competition consists of two parts: Free Program #1 and Free Program #2.  The same free program is skated in both parts.

Free Program #1

A free skating program to music of four minutes in length (plus or minus 10 seconds).  A well-balanced Open Synchro program contains:

  • Intersection element with optional point of intersection
  • Move element
  • No hold element with optional step sequence
  • Pivoting element - block
  • Travelling element - wheel
  • Choice of synchronized spin element OR pair element
  • Choice of creative element intersection OR mixed element
  • Choice of two different artistic elements chosen from block, line, circle and/or wheel

The total score of the free program will be multiplied by a factor of 0.5 for the first segment of the event.

Free Program #2

The team will perform a free skating program as defined above. The total score will be multiplied by a factor of 1.0 for the second segment of the event.

Junior Synchro

Teams consist of 16 skaters.

Age: Skaters must have reached the age of 13 but must not have reached the age of 19 before July 1 preceding the competition.

This competition consists of two parts as defined by the ISU: Short Program and Free Program

Short Program

A short program to music a maximum of two minutes 50 seconds in length containing the list of elements announced by the ISU for the current season:

  • Intersection element: whip intersection; additional point of intersection is required
  • Move element: one fm must be an unsupported spiral with the free leg extended to the back and must be executed by at least one half of the team
  • No hold element*: additional feature (step sequence) is required
  • Pivoting element – block: pivoting must be executed in three lines
  • Synchronized spin element: must be an upright spin; no variation is permitted
  • Twizzle element*

*The no hold element and the twizzle element may not be executed one after the other

Free Program

A free skating program to music three minutes 30 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds). A well-balanced Junior Synchro free skating program contains:

  • One intersection element: additional feature point of intersection is optional and will be counted if executed correctly
  • Move element
  • Travelling element – wheel
  • Twizzle element
  • Choice of synchronized spin element or pair element
  • Choice of creative element: Intersection or mixed element
  • Choice of two different artistic elements chosen from block, line, circle and/or wheel

These are basic requirements. See current ISU Communications for more detailed information pertaining to the Junior Synchro Short and Free Programs.

Senior Synchro

Teams consist of 16 skaters.

Age: Skaters must have reached at least the age of 15 as of the July 1 preceding the competition

This competition consists of two parts as defined by the ISU: Short Program and Free Program

Short Program

A short program to music a maximum of two minutes 50 second in length containing the list of elements announced by the ISU for the current season:

  • Intersection element: angled intersection: point of intersection is required
  • Move element: one fm must be an unsupported spiral with the free leg extended to the back and must be executed by at least one half of the team
  • No hold* element: additional feature step sequence is required
  • Pivoting element – block: pivoting must be executed in four lines
  • Travelling element – Wheel: must be a three spoke wheel
  • Twizzle* element

*The no hold element and the twizzle element may not be executed one after the other

Free Program

A free skating program to music four minutes in length (plus or minus 10 seconds). A well balanced Senior Synchro free skating program contains:

  • Creative element – lift
  • Group lift element with rotations
  • Two different intersection elements: additional feature point of intersection is optional and will be counted if executed correctly.
  • Move element
  • Twizzle element
  • Choice of pair element or synchronized spin element
  • Choice of three different artistic elements chosen from block, line, circle and/or wheel

These are basic requirements. See current ISU Communications for more detailed information pertaining to the Senior Synchro Short and Free Programs.