Terms used:

Base Level Technical Official

An individual sixteen years of age or older who is responsible for accurate technical panel process and for authorizing, correcting, deleting and adding elements to the list of elements performed during an event. A BLTO assists with the identification of elements in competition. The BLTO will also assist with the identification of falls and illegal elements where appropriate to the level. BLTO are qualified to act on panels at or below a specified level of competition in singles only and can only be assigned to events where elements can be called no higher than base level.

Cumulative Points Calculation

The Cumulative Points Calculation Judging System is a method for the calculation of results in the sport of figure skating. This system is based on the principle that a performance can be divided into elements (of difficulty) and program components, each of which can be evaluated individually. The total of the marks for all of the elements and components forms the score for each skater or team in a competition. The highest scoring skater, couple or team is declared the winner.   The second highest places second and so on.

Event

The name given to a group of skaters entered in a category.  There may be one event per category or several events per category depending on the number of total entries.  Each event is independent of the other events within the category. 

Fall

Loss of control by a skater with the result that the majority of the skater's own body weight is on the ice being supported by any other part of the body other than the blades. e.g., hand(s), knee(s), back, buttock(s) or any part of the arm.

Free Skating Program

A program of a specified length, skated to music of the skater’s choice. The skater is free to choose the number and the type of elements to be included, subject to the requirements outlined in the requirements for individual assessments/tests and competitions.

Grade of Execution

Interruption

The time elapsed between the moment a competitor stops performing the program until the moment the competitor resumes performing the program.

Interruptions

The time elapsed between the moment a competitor stops performing the program until the moment the competitor resumes performing the program.

Judge

An individual sixteen years of age or older who has been trained and appointed to officiate at or below a specified level of competition in one or more of singles, pairs, ice dance or synchronized skating.

Level of Difficulty

Levels of Difficulty

Program Component

Referee

A referee of an event within a competition is an experienced judge who has received further training to conduct an event and monitor the performance of the panel of judges. Referees are qualified to referee or judge at or below a specified level of competition in one or more of singles, pairs, ice dance or synchronized skating.

Scale of Values

Segment

The name given to a portion of an event.  Some categories have two segments (e.g., short program and free program) and some categories have only one segment (e.g., Juvenile singles).

Technical Controller

An individual sixteen years of age or older who is responsible for accurate technical panel process and authorizes, corrects, deletes and adds elements to the list of elements performed during an event. Technical controllers are qualified to act on panels at or below a specified level of competition in one or more of singles, pairs, ice dance or synchronized skating.

Technical Specialist

An individual sixteen years of age or older who identifies elements and levels of difficulty of elements in competition. The technical specialist will also identify falls and illegal elements. Technical specialists are qualified to act on panels at or below a specified level of competition in one or more of singles, pairs, ice dance or synchronized skating.

Total Element Score

category

The name for each level of competition within a discipline.  Examples of categories are STAR 1, STAR 2, Pre-Juvenile, Juvenile, Pre-Novice, etc.

competitive season

July 1 - June 30 of any given year

finesse

The skater's refined, artful manipulation of music details and nuances through movement. It is unique to the skater/skaters and demonstrates an inner feeling for the music and the composition. Nuances are the personal ways of bringing subtle variations to the intensity, tempo, and dynamics of the music made by the composer and/or musicians.

1. Summary Description of System

The Cumulative Points Calculation Judging System is a method for the calculation of results in the sport of figure skating. This system is based on the principle that a performance can be divided into elements (of difficulty) and program components, each of which can be evaluated individually. The total of the marks for all of the elements and components forms the score for each skater or team in a competition. The highest scoring skater, couple or team is declared the winner.   The second highest places second and so on.

The total element score is the sum of the scores for all of the elements performed in a program with additions or reductions of points taken for the quality of execution. Elements are identified and their level of difficulty assessed by a technical panel composed of a technical controller, a technical specialist and an assistant technical specialist working as a team.  At club, invitational or interclub competitions, a base level technical official may assist in the identification of elements. Identified technical elements receive a base value and then each judge assigns a grade of execution in the range from -3 to +3.  A zero GOE score reflects an element performed to its normal base value. The base values of all elements, plus or minus the respective GOE score are added to form the total element score, for each skater or team.

Bonus points are awarded for elements considered beyond the normal difficulty level of a specific category. Specifics of these bonuses are listed under the heading Determination and Publication of Results within this rule.

Program components are marked by each judge on the panel for an event. The five program components are:

  • skating skills
  • transitions
  • performance
  • composition
  • interpretation

Each of these components is marked by each judge, on a 10-point scale using 0.25 point increments between 0.25 and 10.0. Program component scores are factored by a specific value depending upon the category and program being skated.

The total score for a skater/couple/team in the respective segment is calculated by adding the GOE scores, the Component Scores and any bonuses, and subtracting any program deductions. For competitions with more than one segment, the highest total score of all segments shall determine the winner.

2. Determination and Publication of Results

2.1. Basic Principles of Calculation

  1. Every section of a pattern dance and every element (i.e. required element of the short program/short dance/free dance, and creative skating skills or element of the well-balanced free skating program) has a specific base value indicated in the Scale of Value (SOV) table.
  2. For synchronized skating: The base value for the levels of elements is determined by combining the difficulty groups of elements and the difficulty groups of additional features. Each synchronized skating element/configuration belongs to a difficulty group of elements, which may contain features that are specific for the respective element and increase the difficulty of an element.
  3. Each judge identifies a Grade of Execution (GOE) for each section/element. Each GOE has its own positive or negative numerical value as indicated in the SOV table.
  4. The panel’s GOE is determined by calculating the trimmed mean of the numerical values of the grades of execution awarded by the judges.
  5. The trimmed mean is calculated by deleting the highest and the lowest values of all scoring judges and calculating the average of the remaining values. If there are fewer than five scores entered by judges for an element or component, all entered values will be used to calculate the mean.
  6. This average will become the final GOE for an individual section/element. The panel’s GOE is rounded to two decimal places.
  7. The panel’s score for each section/element is determined by adding the trimmed mean GOE to its base value.
  8. The panel’s scores for all sections/elements are added together thus giving the Total Elements Score.

2.2. Specific Element Evaluation

Single and Pair Skating

Jump combinations are evaluated as one unit by adding the base values of the jumps included and applying the GOE with the numerical value of the most difficult jump.

Jump sequences are evaluated as one unit by adding the base values of the two highest value jumps, multiplying the result by 0.8 and then applying the GOE with the numerical value of the most difficult jump. The factored base value of the jump sequence will be rounded to two decimal places.

Any additional element or elements exceeding the prescribed numbers will not be counted in the result of a competitor/team. Only the first attempt (or allowed number of attempts) of an element will be considered.

In the short program and free skate of Junior and Senior single skating the base values (but not the GOEs) for all jump elements started in the second half of the program will be multiplied by a factor of 1.1 to give credit for even distribution of difficulties in the program. Each factored base value for all jump elements performed in the second half of the program will be rounded to two decimal places. The second half commences in the middle of the required time without considering plus or minus a 10 second allowance. However, in cases of up to 3 minutes Interruption, (see Competitions > Interruptions) the factor 1.1 will be used only for jump elements which were started in the second half of the program but prior to the Interruption.

Ice Dance

Combination lifts are evaluated as one unit by adding the base values of the two first executed types of short lifts and applying the GOE. The GOE of the combination lift is equal to the sum of the numerical values of the corresponding GOE of these two first executed types of short lifts.

Combination step sequences are evaluated as one unit by adding the Base Values of the One Foot Step Sequence and the Step Sequence and then applying the GOE. The GOE of the Combination Step Sequence is equal to the sum of the numerical values of the corresponding GOE of these two Groups of the Step Sequences. (Beginning with the 2018-2019 competitive season.)

Interpretive Skating

There are no required elements in interpretive skating and therefore no technical mark is assigned

Any technical elements performed will not be identified or scored but may be considered in the transitions score

The five program components determine the score for interpretive events, minus any deductions for violations

Creative Skating Skills

A full technical panel is not required for creative skating skills. A technical judge can be used to identify elements and verify minimum requirements.

All elements requiring a level of difficulty shall be identified no higher than Level Base. Elements not meeting basic requirements will receive a Level 0 and therefore will have no value.

A step sequence which includes required elements is identified as two separate elements.

Synchronized Skating

If the value of the element (after taking any missing requirement, deductions and reductions) is less than zero, the element shall be awarded a value of 0.00

Each element (e.g. block, circle, intersection, wheel, etc.) will be evaluated separately and given a GOE.

2.3. Bonuses

Bonuses of one technical point are applied as follows:

  • Juvenile Singles: Each jump identified in the program as a fully rotated double Axel or any fully rotated jump of higher base value
  • Pre-Novice Singles: Each jump identified in the program as a fully rotated double Axel or any fully rotated jump of higher base value
  • Novice Women: Each jump identified in the program as a fully rotated triple
  • Novice Men: Each jump identified in the program as a fully rotated triple loop, triple flip, triple Lutz or triple Axel
  • Novice Pairs: Each twist, throw and side-by-side jump identified as a fully rotated triple
  • Junior Women Short: The required solo jump that is immediately preceded by connecting steps and is identified in the program as a fully rotated triple jump
  • Junior Men Short & Free: Each jump identified in the program as a fully rotated triple Axel

The bonus (if obtained) will be added to the sum of the panel’s score for all the elements, giving the total element score.

2.4. Program Components

  1. Each judge also marks the program components on a scale from 0.25 to 10 with 0.25 points increments.
  2. The panel’s points for each program component are obtained by calculating the trimmed mean of the scoring judges’ results for that program component. The trimmed mean is calculated in the manner described under Basic Principles of Calculation within this rule.
  3. The trimmed mean of each program component is rounded to two decimal places.
  4. The panel’s points for each program component are then multiplied by a factor as noted in the tables below.
  5. The factored results are rounded to two decimal places and added. The sum is the program component score.

Single and Pair Skating

Event

Skating Skills

Transitions

Performance

Composition

 

Interpretation

Short Program

Pre-Novice Women/Men/Pairs, STAR 7, STAR 9

0.70

0.50

0.70

0.40

0.70

Novice Women/ Men/Pairs

0.80

0.70

0.80

0.50

0.70

Junior/Senior Women/Pairs

0.80

0.80

0.80

0.80

0.80

Junior/Senior Men

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

Free Skate

STAR 5

1.00

0.75

1.00

0.00

0.75

Pre-Juvenile, Juvenile, STAR 6-Gold, Adult Women/Men/Pairs

1.00

0.75

1.00

0.50

0.75

Pre-Novice Women /Men/Pairs

1.40

1.00

1.40

0.80

1.40

Novice Women/ Men/Pairs

1.60

1.40

1.60

1.00

1.40

Junior/Senior Women/Pairs

1.60

1.60

1.60

1.60

1.60

Junior/Senior Men

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

2.00

Ice Dance

Event

Skating Skills

Performance

Interpretation

Timing

 

Pattern Dance

 

Pre-Juvenile & Juvenile

0.75

0.50

0.50

0.75

 

Pre-Novice

0.75

0.50

0.50

0.75

 

Novice

0.75

0.50

0.50

0.75

 

STAR & Adult

0.75

0.50

0.50

0.75

 

Event

Skating Skills

Transitions

Performance

Composition

Interpretation/ Timing

Short Dance

Junior/Senior

0.80

0.80

0.80

0.80

0.80

Free Dance

Juvenile

1.25

0.50

1.00

0.50

1.00

Pre-Novice

1.25

0.75

1.00

0.50

1.00

Novice

1.25

1.25

1.00

0.50

1.00

Junior/Senior

1.2

1.2

1.2

1.2

1.2

Adult Silver & Gold 

1.25

0.50

1.00

0.50

0.75

Interpretive Skating

Event

Skating Skills

Transitions

Performance

Composition

Interpretation

Bronze, Silver & Gold STAR & Adult

2.00

2.00

3.00

3.00

3.00

Creative Skating Skills

Event

Skating Skills

Transitions

Performance

Composition

Interpretation

STAR

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

Synchronized Skating

Event

Skating Skills

Transitions

Performance

Composition

Interpretation/ Timing

Short Program

Junior/Senior

0.80

0.80

0.80

0.80

0.80

Free Skate

Pre-Juvenile

1.00

0.50

1.00

0.50

1.00

Juvenile

1.00

0.50

1.00

0.50

1.00

Pre-Novice

1.00

0.50

1.00

0.50

1.00

Novice

1.50

1.25

1.50

1.25

1.50

Intermediate

1.50

1.25

1.50

1.25

1.50

Open

1.60

1.60

1.60

1.60

1.60

Junior/Senior

1.60

1.60

1.60

1.60

1.60

Adult I

1.50

1.25

1.50

1.25

1.50

Adult II

1.50

1.25

1.50

1.25

1.50

Adult III

1.00

0.50

1.00

0.50

1.00

2.5. Deductions

Deductions are applied for certain violations of the rules (e.g., clothing, time violations, interruptions, etc.) as follows:

Singles, Pairs and Ice Dance

CompetitiveSkate

Violation

Level

Deduction

Responsibility for Applying the Deduction

Time Violation

(up to every five seconds lacking or in excess)

Pre-Juvenile / Juvenile

Pre-Novice / Novice

Junior / Senior

0.20

0.50

1.00

Referee

Illegal Element (per violation)

Pre-Juvenile / Juvenile

Pre-Novice / Novice

Junior / Senior

0.40

1.00

2.00

Technical panel

Costume and Prop Violation

(per program)

Pre-Juvenile / Juvenile

Pre-Novice / Novice

Junior / Senior

0.20

0.50

1.00

Majority of judges plus 

Part of the costume/decoration falls on the ice

(per program)

Pre-Juvenile / Juvenile

Pre-Novice / Novice

Junior / Senior

0.20

0.50

1.00

Referee

Falls 
(outside of an element)

Pre-Juvenile / Juvenile

Pre-Novice / Novice

 

0.20

0.50

 

Technical panel

Falls

Junior / Senior

 

Senior Single Skating: -1.0 for the first and second fall, -2.0 for the third and fourth fall, -3.0 for the fifth and any further falls.

Junior Single Skating: -1.0 for every Fall.

 

Pair Skating and Ice Dance: -1.0 for every Fall by one partner and -2.0 for every Fall by both partners.

Technical Panel

Late start - 1 to 30 seconds late

 

 

31 or more seconds late

Pre-Juvenile / Juvenile

Pre-Novice / Novice

Junior / Senior

All levels

0.20

0.50

1.00

Withdrawn

Referee

Interruption in performing the program

 

 

Pre-Juvenile/Juvenile

-0.2 for every 11-20 seconds interruption

-0.4 for every 21-30 seconds interruption

-0.6 for every 31-40 seconds interruption

At 41 seconds, competitor is withdrawn

Referee
 Pre-Novice/Novice  

-0.5 for every 11-20 seconds interruption

-1.0 for every 21-30 seconds interruption

-1.5 for every 31-40 seconds interruption

At 41 seconds, competitor is withdrawn

Referee
 Junior/ Senior  

-1.0 for every 11-20 seconds interruption

-2.0 for every 21-30 seconds interruption

-3.0 for every 31-40 seconds interruption

At 41 seconds, competitor is withdrawn

Referee

Interruption of the program with allowance of up to three (3) minutes to resume the program from the point of interruption (per program)

 

Pre-Juvenile / Juvenile

Pre-Novice / Novice

Junior / Senior

1.00

2.50

5.00

Referee

Choreography Restrictions (Ice Dance only)

(per program)

Juvenile

Pre-Novice / Novice

Junior / Senior

0.20

0.50

1.00

Majority of judges plus referee

Extra elements (Ice Dance only)

(per violation)

Juvenile

Pre-Novice / Novice

Junior / Senior

0.20

0.50

1.00

Technical panel

Music Requirements (Ice Dance only)

(per program)

Juvenile

Pre-Novice / Novice

Junior / Senior

0.40

1.00

2.00

Majority of judges plus referee

Violation of tempo specifications (Ice Dance only)

 

(per program)

Junior / Senior

1.00

Referee

Lifts exceeding permitted duration (Ice Dance only)

(per dance lift)

Juvenile

Pre-Novice / Novice

Junior / Senior

0.20

0.50

1.00

Referee

STARSkate

Violation

Level

Deduction

Responsibility for Applying the Deduction

Time Violation

(up to every five seconds lacking or in excess)

STAR 5 to STAR 8

STAR 9 to Gold

0.20

0.50

Referee

Illegal Element (per violation)

STAR 5 to STAR 8

STAR 9 to Gold

 

0.40

1.0    

Technical Panel

Costume and Prop Violation

(per program)

STAR 5 to STAR 8

STAR 9 to Gold

0.20

0.50

 

Majority of judges plus referee

Part of the costume/decoration falls on the ice

(per program)

STAR 5 to STAR 8

STAR 9 to Gold

0.20

0.50

Referee

Falls 
(outside of an element)

STAR 5 to STAR 8

 

 

 

 

STAR 9 to Gold

0.20 (in pair skating and couples interpretive -0.2 for a fall of one partner and -0.4 for a fall of both partners)

0.50 (in pair skating and couples interpretive -0.5 for a fall of one partner and -1.0 for a fall of both partners)

 

Technical panel

Late start - 1 to 30 seconds late

 

 

31 or more seconds late

STAR 5 to STAR 8

STAR 9 to Gold

 

All levels

0.20

0.50

 

Withdrawn

 

Referee

Interruption in performing the program

 

All levels

-0.5 for every 11-20 seconds interruption

-1.0 for every 21-30 seconds interruption

-1.5 for every 31-40 seconds interruption

At 41 seconds, competitor is withdrawn

Referee 

Interruption of the program with allowance of up to three (3) minutes to resume the program from the point of interruption (per program)

 

STAR 5 to STAR 8

STAR 9 to Gold

1.00

2.50

 

Referee

*Note: For all deductions, Open Pairs will receive the same deduction as STAR 5 to STAR 8.

AdultSkate

Violation

Level

Deduction

Responsibility for Applying the Deduction 

Time Violation

(up to every five seconds lacking or in excess)

All levels

0.50

Referee

Illegal Element (per violation)

 

All levels

1.00

Technical panel

Costume and Prop Violation

(per program)

 

All levels

0.50

Majority of judges plus referee 

Part of the costume/decoration falls on the ice

(per program)

 

All levels

0.50

Referee

Falls

All levels

0.50 (in pair skating and couples interpretive -0.5 for a fall of one partner and -1.0 for a fall of both partners)

Technical panel

Late start - 1 to 30 seconds late

 

31 or more seconds late

 

All levels

 

All levels

0.50

 

Withdrawn

Referee 

Interruption in performing the program

 

All levels

-0.5 for every 11-20 seconds interruption

-1.0 for every 21-30 seconds interruption

-1.5 for every 31-40 seconds interruption

At 41 seconds, competitor is withdrawn

Referee 

Interruption of the program with allowance of up to three (3) minutes to resume the program from the point of interruption (per program)

 

All levels

2.50

Referee

Interpretive Skating

Violation

Level

Deduction

Responsibility for Applying the Deduction 

Time Violation

(up to every five seconds lacking or in excess)

Bronze/Silver/Gold

0.50

Referee

Illegal Element (per violation)

Bronze/Silver/Gold

1.00

 

Technical panel

Costume and Prop Violation (per program)

Bronze/Silver/Gold

 0.50

Majority of judges plus referee

Falls

Bronze/Silver/Gold

 

0.50 (in couples interpretive -0.5 for a fall of one partner and -1.0 for a fall of both partners)

Technical panel 

Late start - 1 to 30 seconds late

 

31 or more seconds late

Bronze/Silver/Gold

 

All levels

 0.50

 

Withdrawn

Referee

Interruption in performing the program

 

All levels

 

-0.5 for every 11-20 seconds interruption

-1.0 for every 21-30 seconds interruption

-1.5 for every 31-40 seconds interruption

At 41 seconds, competitor is withdrawn

 

Referee

Interruption of the program with allowance of up to three (3) minutes to resume the program from the point of interruption (per program)

Bronze/Silver/Gold

2.50

 

Referee 

Creative Skating Skills

Violation

Level

Deduction

Responsibility for Applying the Deduction 

Time Violation

(up to every five seconds lacking or in excess)

 

Bronze

Silver / Gold

0.20

0.50

Referee 

Illegal Element (per violation)

Bronze

Silver / Gold

 

0.40

2.00

Technical panel

Costume and Prop Violation (per program)

Bronze

Silver / Gold

 

0.20

0.50

Majority of judges plus referee

Falls

Bronze

Silver / Gold

 

0.20

0.50

Technical panel

Late start - 1 to 30 seconds late

 

31 or more seconds late

 

Bronze

Silver / Gold

All levels

0.20

0.50

Withdrawn

Referee

Interruption in performing the program

 

All levels

-0.5 for every 11-20 seconds interruption

-1.0 for every 21-30 seconds interruption

-1.5 for every 31-40 seconds interruption

At 41 seconds, competitor is withdrawn

Referee

Interruption of the program with allowance of up to three (3) minutes to resume the program from the point of interruption (per program)

 

Bronze

Silver / Gold

1.00

2.50

 

Referee

Synchronized Skating

Violation

Level

Deduction

Responsibility for Applying the Deduction 

Time Violation

-up to every five seconds lacking or in excess (Free Skating)

-up to every 5 seconds in excess (Short Program)

Pre-Juvenile to Juvenile

Pre-Novice/Adult I-III

Novice/ Intermediate /Open/ Junior / Senior

0.20

0.50

1.00

Referee

Music Violation

Pre-Juvenile to Juvenile

Pre-Novice/ Adult I-III

Novice/ Intermediate /Open/ Junior/ Senior

0.20

0.50

1.00

Referee

Costume and Prop Violation (includes feathers on costume/headpiece not permitted; rhinestones on the face not permitted)

Pre-Juvenile to Juvenile

Pre-Novice / Adult I-III

Novice/Intermediate/ Open/ Junior / Senior

0.20

0.50

1.00

Majority of judges plus referee

Part of the costume/decoration falls on the ice

Pre-Juvenile to Juvenile

Pre-Novice / Adult I-III

Novice/Intermediate/ Open/ Junior / Senior

0.20

0.50

1.00

Referee

Falls: One Skater (each time)

Pre-Juvenile to Juvenile

Pre-Novice / Adult I-III

Novice/Intermediate/ Open/ Junior / Senior

0.20

0.50

1.00

Technical panel

Falls: Two or more skaters at one time

Pre-Juvenile to Juvenile

Pre-Novice / Adult I-III

Novice/Intermediate/ Open/ Junior / Senior

0.40

1.00

2.00

Technical panel 

Not according to requirements NAR/Omitted requirement

Pre-Juvenile to Pre-Novice / Adult I-III

Novice/Intermediate/ Open/ Junior / Senior

0.2

 

0.5

Technical panel 

Non-permitted elements/ features/extra features/ additional features/ movements

Pre-Juvenile to Juvenile

Pre-Novice / Adult I-III

Novice/Intermediate/ Open/ Junior / Senior

0.30

0.75

1.50

Technical panel

Illegal elements/ features/additional features/ movements

Pre-Juvenile to Juvenile

Pre-Novice / Adult I-III

Novice/Intermediate/ Open/ Junior / Senior

0.40

1.00

2.00

Technical panel

Un-prescribed or additional element/Repeated element shape in Short Program

Junior / Senior

1.5

Technical panel

Wrong element shape in Short Program

Junior / Senior

No Value

Technical panel

Interruptions

  

Pre-Juvenile to Juvenile/Pre-Novice

-0.2 for 11-20 seconds interruption

-0.4 for 21-30 seconds interruption

-0.6 for 31-40 seconds interruption

-0.8 for more than 40 seconds interruption by one or several skaters

-1.0 for allowance of up to 3 minutes to resume from the point of interruption

Withdrawn if more than 40 seconds interruption by team

Referee
 Adult I/ Adult II/ Adult III  -0.5 for 11-20 seconds interruption

-1.0 for 21-30 seconds interruption

-1.5 for 31-40 seconds interruption

-2.0 for more than 40 seconds interruption by one or several skaters

-2.5 for allowance of up to 3 minutes to resume from the point of interruption

Withdrawn if more than 40 seconds interruption by team

Referee
Novice/ Intermediate/ Open/ Junior/ Senior  - 1.0 for 11-20 seconds interruption

-2.0 for 21-30 seconds interruption

-3.0 for 31-40 seconds interruption

-4.0 for more than 40 seconds interruption by one or several skaters

-5.0 for allowance of up to 3 minutes to resume from the point of interruption

Withdrawn if more than 40 seconds interruption by team

Referee

2.6. Determination of Results in Each Segment of a Competition

The total segment score of each competitor in each segment of a competition (short program/short dance, free skate/free dance or pattern dance(s)) is calculated by adding the total element score and the program component scores (multiplied by corresponding factors), subtracting any deductions for violations described in Deductions within this rule.

For events with two pattern dances the total score for each dance will be multiplied by a factor of 0.5.

The competitor(s) with the highest total segment score is placed first; the competitor(s) with the next highest total segment score is placed second and so on.

If two or more competitor(s) have the same result, the total element score will break the tie in the short program/short dance and the pattern dance(s). The program component score will break the tie in the free skate/free dance. If these results are also equal, the competitor(s) concerned will be considered as tied.

For synchronized skating events with a first and second skate, the team performs the same free skate program two times. The first free skate program will be multiplied by a factor of 0.5. The second skate free program will be multiplied by a factor of 1.0.

For any segment where a segment factor is applied, the factored segment scores are rounded to two decimal places.

2.7. Determination of Combined and Final Result

The total segment scores of the short program/short dance or pattern dance(s), and free skate/free dance are added and the result constitutes the final score of a competitor(s) in an event. The competitor(s) with the highest final score is first, second, third, etc.

In cases of ties after the final score the competitor(s) with the highest score for the last skated segment is placed first, second, third, etc. If there is a tie in the highest score, the better placement will decide the better place. In ice dancing, if two pattern dances are to be skated, both dances are even in value. There is no tie-breaking criterion for the second dance.

If there is a tie in this segment, the placement of the previous skated segment will count for the better place, etc. If there is no previous segment, the competitor(s) are tied.

2.8. Publication of Results

The official placing in each segment of each competition or championship must be published as soon as possible after that segment has been completed by all competitor(s). The referee and technical controller must authorize the release of the results and any subsequent revisions to the results. See Reviewing and Revising a Misidentified Call.

Following each segment the total element score, the program component score, the deductions and the total segment score of every competitor(s) must be published.

Following each segment, a printout “Judges details by official for each competitor(s)” which indicates the base values of all the elements and the GOE and points for the program components from every judge will be issued. The judges’ scores shall be listed by order of seating.

The final result must be published as soon as possible after the conclusion of the event. This must include for each competitor(s):

  • The final place
  • Separately, the placing in each segment of the competition

On conclusion of the event the total points (final score) of each competitor(s) must be published.

3. Marking of Short Program/Short Dance, Free Skating/Free Dance

3.1. Element Score

Scale of Values/Base Value

The Scale of Values chart of the elements is published by Skate Canada and/or the ISU. This scale of values (SOV) contains base values of all the elements and the numeric values of the Grades of Execution.

The technical panel will determine the name and, when required, the Level of Difficulty of every element. Base values of elements are measured in points and increase with increasing Level of Difficulty. The element difficulty depends on the following:

Single and Pair Skating Ice Dance Synchronized Skating
  • In jumps (singles/pairs) and throw jumps (pairs), on the names of the jumps or the throw jumps listed in order of their difficulty (toe loop, salchow, loop, flip, lutz, axel) and the number of revolutions
  • In lifts (pairs), on the groups of the lifts (one to five), their names and their levels of difficulty
  • In twist lifts (pairs), on the number of revolutions and levels of difficulty
  • In death spirals (pairs), on the names and levels of difficulty
  • In other elements, on their names and levels of difficulty
  • on their levels of difficulty
  • on their levels of difficulty

Levels of Difficulty of Elements

The description of characteristics (features) that give an element a certain Level of Difficulty is published by Skate Canada and/or the ISU.

Single and Pair Skating

Lifts, twist lifts and death spirals (pairs), spins and steps (singles and pairs) are divided depending on their difficulty in five levels of difficulty according to the number of features achieved:

  • Level Base – no features
  • Level 1 – one feature
  • Level 2 – two features
  • Level 3 – three features
  • Level 4 – four or more features

Ice Dance

All required elements except choreographic elements are divided into levels of difficulty. For lifts, spins, twizzles and step sequences, there are four levels depending on difficulty. For step sequences, there is an additional Level Base in which the element is completed, but the criteria for Level 1 have not been achieved. For choreographic elements, no level is given, but the element is confirmed if the minimum requirements defining the element are met.

Synchronized Skating

Required/optional elements are divided into four or five levels of difficulty depending on their difficulty, except elements designated with a fixed base value in the list of elements announced annually.  A detailed description of levels for domestic categories is published annually in the Skate Canada Synchronized Skating Competition Program Requirements.

In synchronized skating, the additional features (step sequences, free skating moves/elements, point of intersection) are divided into the groups according to their difficulty.

The following additional features are included in the difficulty levels for the following elements in short program and free skating and called by the technical specialists:

Elements Additional Features
Intersection Point of intersection
Move element Free skating move(s)
No hold element Step sequence

Examples of some features are body movement, pivoting, travelling, etc.

Grade of Execution (GOE)

Each judge will mark the quality of execution of every element depending on the positive features of the execution and errors on the seven grades of execution scale: +3, +2, +1, Level Base (0), -1, -2, -3. Starting with the 2018-2019 Competitive Season, for singles and pairs there will be up to 11 grades of execution.

Jump combinations and sequences (singles and pairs) and combination lifts (ice dance) are evaluated as "one unit".

The guidelines for marking GOEs for all disciplines are published in ISU Communications.

Bonus

For Juvenile singles, Pre-Novice singles, Novice singles, and Novice pairs, a bonus is applied for fully rotated attempts of specific elements.  See Determination and Publication of Results within this rule for a list of bonuses that may be applied.

Illegal Elements/Movements

Singles, Pairs and Ice Dance

Every illegal element/movement performed in the program will be penalized by a deduction.  See Deductions within this rule.  If an illegal element/movement is performed during the execution of any element, the deduction for an illegal element/movement will apply and the element will be called "no level," except for the following:

  • Single and Pair Skating: Level Base if the requirements for at least Level Base are fulfilled
  • Ice Dance: Level 1 if the requirements for at least Level 1 are fulfilled

Illegal elements/movements in singles and pairs

  • somersault type jumps
  • lifts with wrong holds
  • lifts with more than three and a half revolutions of the man
  • spinning movements in which the man swings the woman around in the air while holding her hand or foot
  • twist-like or rotational movements during which the woman is turned over with her skating foot leaving the ice
  • rotational movements with the grip of one of the partners on the leg, arm and neck of the other partner
  • jumps of one of the partners towards the other partner
  • lying and prolonged and/or stationary kneeling on both knees on the ice at any moment 

Illegal elements/movements in ice dance

  • Jumps (or throw jumps) of more than one revolution skated at the same time by both partners
  • Lying on the ice
  • The following movements/poses during any lift are illegal although a brief movement through poses will be permitted if it is not established (sustained) or if it is used only to change pose:
    • Lying or sitting on the partner’s back
    • Standing on the partner’s shoulder or back
    • Lifted partner in upside down split pose (with sustained angle between thighs more than 45 degrees)
    • Lifting partner swinging the lifted partner around by holding the skate(s)/boot(s) or leg(s)/arm(s) OR by holding the hand(s) with full extension by both partners
    • Point of contact of the lifting hand(s)/arm(s) of the lifting partner with any part of the body of the lifted partner is sustained higher than the lifting partner(s) head
    • Hand/arm which is used as an additional support or balancing only or which touches any part of the body of the lifted partner is sustained by the lifting partner higher than his head for more than two seconds

Synchronized Skating

Every non-permitted element/feature/additional feature/movement performed in the program will be penalized by a deduction.  If a non-permitted element/feature/additional feature/movement is performed during the execution of any element, the element will be called as follows:

  • Level Base if the requirements for Level Base are fulfilled, otherwise the element will be called “No Level”, if the non-permitted element is the element
  • Element is called + feature is not counted, if the non-permitted movement is included in the feature
  • Element is called + additional feature is not counted, if the non-permitted movement is included in the additional feature

Every illegal element/feature/additional feature/movement performed in the program will be penalized by a deduction.

If an illegal element/feature/additional feature/movement is performed during the execution of any element, the element will be called as Level Base if the requirements for Level Base are fulfilled, otherwise the element will be called “No Level”.

3.2. Program Component Score

Definition of Program Components

The performance of the competitor(s) is evaluated against five program components: skating skills, transitions, performance, composition and interpretation of the music (and timing for ice dance).  For pair skating, ice dance and synchronized skating there must be equal demonstration of the criteria by both/all competitors.

Skating Skills

The overall cleanness and sureness, edge control and flow over the ice surface demonstrated by a command of the skating vocabulary (edges, steps, turns, etc.), the clarity of technique and the use of effortless power to accelerate and vary speed.

In evaluating the skating skills, the following must be considered:

  • Use of deep edges, steps and turns
  • Balance, rhythmic knee action and precision of foot placement
  • Flow and glide
  • Varied use of power, speed and acceleration
  • Use of multi-directional skating
  • Use of one-foot skating

Transitions

The varied and purposeful use of intricate footwork, positions, movements and holds that link all elements.

In evaluating the transitions, the following must be considered:

  • Continuity of movements from one element to another
  • Variety (including variety of holds in ice dance and synchronized skating)
  • Difficulty
  • Quality 

Performance

Involvement of the competitor(s) physically, emotionally and intellectually as the intent of the music and composition is delivered.

In evaluating the performance, the following must be considered:

  • Physical, emotional, intellectual involvement and projection
  • Carriage and clarity of movement
  • Variety and contrast of movements and energy
  • Individuality/personality
  • Unison and “oneness” (pair skating, ice dance) + synchronization (synchronized skating)
  • Spatial awareness between partners; management of the distance between skaters and management of changes of hold (pair skating, ice dance, synchronized skating)

Composition

An intentionally developed and/or original arrangement of all types of movements according to the principles of musical phrase, space, pattern, and structure.

In evaluating the composition, the following must be considered:

  • Purpose (idea, concept, vision, mood)
  • Pattern/ice coverage
  • Multi-dimensional use of space and design of movements
  • Phrase and form (movements and parts of the program to match the musical phrasing)
  • Originality of the composition

Interpretation of the Music (and Timing for Ice Dance)

The personal, creative, and genuine translation of the rhythm, character and content of music to movement on ice.

In evaluating the interpretation, the following must be considered:

  • Movement and steps in time to the music (timing)
  • Expression of the music’s character/feeling and rhythm, when clearly identifiable
  • Use of Finesse to reflect the details and nuances of the music
  • Relationship between the competitors reflecting the character and rhythm of the music (in pair skating, ice dance, synchronized skating)
  • Skating primarily to the rhythmic beat for short dance and keeping a good balance between skating to the beat and melody in the free dance (in ice dance)

Marking of Program Components

Each judge marks the program components on a scale from 0.25 to 10 with increments of 0.25. Points given by the judges correspond to the following degrees of the components: less than 1 -extremely poor, 1 - very poor, 2 - poor, 3 - weak, 4 - fair, 5 - average, 6 - above average, 7 - good, 8 - very good, 9 - 10 - outstanding. Increments are used for evaluation of performances containing some features of one degree and some of the next degree.

Further details for marking program components for all disciplines are published in ISU Communications.

Deductions

Deductions are applied for certain violations of the rules.  See Determination and Publication of Results within this rule.

4. Marking of Pattern Dances

4.1. Element Score

Sections of Pattern Dances

The pattern of each pattern dance may be divided into a certain number of sections published and updated in Skate Canada and ISU Communications.  The number of sections in a particular dance depends on its length (number of steps) and number of sequences in the dance.

Scale of Values/Base Value

The scale of values of the pattern dances will be updated and published in Skate Canada and ISU Communications.

This scale of values (SOV) contains base values of all the sections of each pattern dance and adjustments for the correctness and quality of their execution; the base values are measured in points, and increase with each additional section of the pattern dance.

For pattern dances with key points, technical specialists will determine the level of every section in the pattern dance according to the levels as published in the Communications. Pattern dances without key points have a fixed base value per section; no levels are called.

Grade of Execution (GOE)

Every judge will mark the quality of execution of every section of the pattern dance and quality of edges and quality of execution of steps, turns and movements of this section depending on the positive features of the execution and errors using the seven grades of execution scale: +3, +2, +1, Base Value, -1, -2, -3. Each + or - grade has its own + or - numerical value indicated in the SOV table. This value is added to the base value of the section or deducted from it. The guidelines for marking are published and updated in Skate Canada and ISU Communications.

4.2. Program Component Score

Definition of Program Components

In addition to the technical score each of the judges will evaluate the whole performance. which is evaluated against four components (skating skills, performance, interpretation, timing). In pattern dances the performance is evaluated against four program components: skating skills, performance, interpretation and timing). For couples executing pattern dances there must be equal demonstration of the criteria by both skaters.

Skating Skills

The method used by the couple to perform dance steps and movements over the ice surface and the efficiency of their movement in relation to speed, flow and ice coverage.

Criteria:

  • Overall skating quality
  • Flow and glide
  • Speed and power
  • Balance of technique and skating ability of partners
  • Ice coverage

Performance

The ability of the partners to demonstrate unison, body alignment, carriage, style and balance of performance while executing pattern dances in order to exhibit a pleasing appearance through coordinated movement, body awareness and projection.

Criteria:

  • Unison and body alignment
  • Distance between partners
  • Carriage and style
  • Balance in performance between partners

Interpretation

The ability of the couple to express the mood, emotions and character of the pattern dance rhythm by using the body moves, steps and holds of the dance to reflect the structure and character of the music.

Criteria:

  • Expression of the character of the rhythm
  • Relationship between partners reflecting the nature of the dance

Timing

The ability of the couple to skate strictly in time with the music and to reflect the rhythm patterns and prescribed beat values of a pattern dance correctly.

Criteria:

  • Skating in time with the music
  • Skating on the strong beat
  • Start of the first step

Marking of Program Components

Each judge marks the program components after the completion of the dance on a scale from 0.25 to 10 with increments of 0.25. Points given by the judges correspond to the following degrees of the components: <1- extremely poor, 1 very poor, 2 - poor, 3 -weak, 4 - fair, 5 - average, 6 - above average, 7 - good, 8 - very good, 9-10 - outstanding. Increments are used for evaluation of performances containing some features of one degree and some of the next degree.  Guidelines for judging are published and updated in Skate Canada and ISU Communications.

5. Authorized Systems 

All competitions carried out using the cumulative points calculation system must be conducted using marking systems approved by Skate Canada. In the event a marking system is unavailable, marks must be calculated by hand.