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A two-footed movement in which the toe picks of one foot are inserted into the ice by a skater as a central pivoting point while the other foot travels in a circular pattern around the pivot point.

Point of Intersection

In synchronized skating, the point of intersection is an additional feature for the intersection element and is a type of movement/rotation that the skaters execute at the axis of intersection.


The president of Skate Canada.

Program Component (PC)

The mark given by a judge to assess the different aspects of a skater’s performance. There are five PCs: Skating Skills, Transitions, Performance, Composition, and Interpretation. The Program Components marking range is from 0.25 to 10.0.   


A step or sequence of steps in which the free foot passes the skating foot before is it placed on the ice, thereby bringing the new free foot off the ice trailing the new skating foot.


A type of Progressive skated in Open Hold by a couple on the same or opposite feet derived from a similar forward walking movement in some ballroom dances (e.g., steps 9-11 in the Blues and steps 16-19 in the Tango).

Qualifying Event

A qualifying event is any competition or any event that qualifies skaters to the sectional championships and higher. These include, without limitation, Sectional Championships, Skate Canada Challenge, Synchronized Regional Championships, Canadian Figure Skating Championships and the Canadian Synchronized Skating Championships.

Ravensburger Waltz-type Three-turn

An inside three-turn with the free leg extended over the tracing and left behind during the turn.  After the completion of the turn, the free leg swings through in front of the tracing before being brought back beside the skating foot in time for the next step; e.g., man’s step 1 in Ravensburger Waltz). 


A referee of an event within a competition is an experienced judge who has received further training to conduct an event and monitor the performance of the panel of judges. Referees are qualified to referee or judge at or below a specified level of competition in one or more of singles, pairs, ice dance or synchronized skating.

Regional Synchronized Skating Championships

Qualifying competitions for the Canadian Synchronized Skating Championships.

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