0-9   A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Twist Lift

A hand-to-waist lift in which a skater is lifted into the air on the take-off. At the top of the lift the lifted partner is released and completes a twist, rotating freely in the air, during which time the lifting partner turns a half turn to catch the lifted partner at the waist for an assisted landing. The twist lift is named after the basic solo jump take-off - Axel, Toe Loop, Flip or Lutz – and by the number of rotations the lifted partner completes in the air before being caught. 


A traveling turn on one foot with one or more rotations which is quickly rotated with a continuous, uninterrupted action. The weight remains on the skating foot with the free foot in any position during the turn then placed beside the skating foot to skate the next step.

Under-rotated Jump

A jump that is missing one quarter of a revolution or more, but less than one half of a revolution. It is shown with the symbol < following the element code.

United States Figure Skating (USFS)

National governing body for the sport of figure skating in the United States. U.S. Figure Skating is a member of the International Skating Union (ISU), the international federation for figure skating, and is a member of the U.S. Olympic Committee (USOC).

Upright Position

Singles and Pairs: Any spin position with the skating leg extended or slightly bent which is not a camel position.

Ice Dance: A basic spin position performed on one foot with skating leg straight or slightly bent and upper body upright (on a nearly vertical axis), arched back or bent to side.

Upright Spin

The skater is spinning in an upright position, a minimum of three revolutions.  The arms and free foot may be held in a variety of positions.


A move of not more than one revolution, in which a skater(s) provides passive assistance (in a non-lifting manner) to another skater(s) who turn/revolves, head over heels (or vice versa) in a cartwheel or somersault action.  In this action, there is a continuous ascending and descending movement, where the vaulting skater(s) rotate/revolve.  The hands of a skater(s) providing the passive assistance may rise higher than shoulder level height.

Walk-around Three-turns

Three-turns turned by a couple at the same time around a common axis. The partners skate these turns in Waltz hold (e.g., Austrian Waltz steps 29-31, Ravensburger Waltz steps 39-40) or offset in partial tango hold (e.g., Golden Waltz steps 1-5).

Waltz Jump

An edge jump with natural rotation taken off from a forward outside edge.  This jump is one half a rotation and is included as a listed jump in the Skate Canada Scale of Values but is not included in the ISU Scale of Values.

Weak Beat

The minor accent of a piece of music. For rhythms with a skating count on two measures, the first beat of the second measure is the weak beat (e.g., skating count 3 of the Quickstep; skating count 4 of the American Waltz).  The skating count of each rhythm is explained in the ISU Ice Dance Rhythms Booklet and CD.

Display #