0-9   A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Toe Jump

A general term that refers to jumps that take off with the assistance of the toe pick (i.e. toe loop, flip, lutz).

Toe Step

A step where the skater steps from one toe pick to the other toe pick without jumping, with or without using rotations.

Touchdown Three-turn

A three-turn in which the weight is almost immediately transferred to the free foot as it becomes the skating foot for the next step. The turn is made from a forward outside three to the backward outside edge of the opposite foot without full weight transfer, then the skater immediately steps forward onto the original foot (example Austrian Waltz steps 1-2).   Such a sequence may be skated with the forward or backward, inside or outside three-turns.  May be skated alone or as a couple side by side.


The spatial relationship of two skaters moving together on a curve or a straight line.  The tracings left on the ice represent each skater’s tracking pattern.

Transverse Axis

An imaginary line intersecting the continuous axis of a dance at the right angles.

Trial Judge

A person who is training to become qualified as a judge or a judge who is training to become qualified at a higher level.


A rotational movement in which the skater moves from forward to backward or backward to forward using one foot and on an edge and axis (e.g. Three-turn, Bracket). In a two-foot turn the rotational movement from forward to backward or backward to forward is from one foot to the other foot (e.g. Mohawk, Choctaw).


A traveling turn on one foot with one or more rotations which is quickly rotated with a continuous, uninterrupted action. The weight remains on the skating foot with the free foot in any position during the turn then placed beside the skating foot to skate the next step.

United States Figure Skating (USFS)

National governing body for the sport of figure skating in the United States. U.S. Figure Skating is a member of the International Skating Union (ISU), the international federation for figure skating, and is a member of the U.S. Olympic Committee (USOC).

Organisme national directeur du sport de patinage artistique aux États‑Unis. U.S. Figure Skating est membre de l’Union internationale de patinage (ISU), la fédération internationale de patinage artistique, et membre du U.S. Olympic Committee (USOC).

Upright Position

Singles and Pairs: Any spin position with the skating leg extended or slightly bent which is not a camel position.

Ice Dance: A basic spin position performed on one foot with skating leg straight or slightly bent and upper body upright (on a nearly vertical axis), arched back or bent to side.

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