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European Waltz-type Three-turn

A three-turn from an outside edge in which the free leg is extended and the toe and hip are well turned out and held over the tracing.  The instep of the free foot is drawn close to the skating foot as the turn is made. After the turn, the back inside edge is held for one beat before the weight is transferred to the free foot as it becomes the skating foot.


An individual sixteen years of age or older who is responsible for evaluating assessments in the STAR 6-Gold structure.  Evaluators are qualified to assess in one or more disciplines.


The name given to a group of skaters entered in a category.  There may be one event per category or several events per category depending on the number of total entries.  Each event is independent of the other events within the category


Defined as a loss of control by a skater with the result that the majority of the skater's body weight is on the ice being supported by any other part of the body other than the blades. e.g. hand(s), knee(s), back, buttock(s) or any part of the arm.


Technical content that increases the difficulty of an element which may become part of the difficulty group of an element.  Features such as pivoting, travelling, body movements, etc. are determined annually and published in a Skate Canada and ISU Communication.

Field-of-Play Decision

A decision that is taken by an official (refereejudgetechnical controllertechnical specialist) in the live setting of the competition, and that the official considers to be a fair and correct interpretation of the rules given the particular circumstances at the time.


The visible double tracing of a skate that is straight (imprinted by the skater skating on one foot on both edges of the blade).

Flip Jump

A toe jump with natural rotation that takes off from a backward inside edge; listed in the Scale of Values according to the number of revolutions.

Flying Spins

  • A spin with a flying entrance with no change of foot or position. The name of the flying spin corresponds to its landing position.

Spin with a flying entrance:

  •  All flying spins that are not as defined above.

Forward Entry Spins

These spins generally enter with a forward outside spiraling edge on the opposite foot the skater lands on. The spin is initiated by a forward outside three-turn creating a backward inside spinning edge.

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