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Ina Bauer

A two-footed movement in which the skater travels along the ice with one foot on a forward edge/tracing and the other on a matching backward edge on a different but parallel edge/tracing.

Interlocking Circle

In synchronized skating, when a skater in a circle passes in-between at least two other skaters of the other circle.

Interlocking Wheel

In synchronized skating, when a spoke of a wheel passes in-between at least two spokes of the other wheel(s).

International Championships

Within Canada, these are defined as competitions/championships conducted according to the rules of the International Skating Union, where teams from at least one foreign country are invited by Skate Canada.

International Skating Union (ISU)

The International Skating Union (ISU) is the exclusive international sport federation recognized by the International Olympic Committee administering the sports of Figure Skating and Speed Skating throughout the world. The ISU is composed of a number of national associations called ISU Members that administer ISU sports at the national level and recognize that all international matters are under the sole jurisdiction and control of the ISU.


The period of time starting immediately when the competitor stops performing the program or is ordered to do so by the referee, whichever is earlier, and ending when the competitor resumes the performance.

Introductory Steps

In Ice Dance, optional steps performed prior to the first step of a pattern dance. 

Invitational Competition

A competition that is open to competitors and/or teams from more than one club and may include members of other foreign associations. There may be a selection process whereby skaters qualify to advance to higher levels of competition based on their results at the club/regional/sectional level.

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