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S Step

A turn from one foot to the other in which the curve of the exit edge is in the opposite direction to that of the entry edge. The change of foot is from outside edge to inside edge or inside edge to outside edge. In ice dance, unless otherwise specified in the dance description, the free foot is placed on the ice close to the skating foot. The entry and exit edge are of equal depth.


An edge jump with natural rotation that takes off from a backward inside edge; listed in the Scale of Values according to the number of rotations.

Scale Of Values (SOV)

Contains Base Values and Grades of Execution of all listed elements. The scales of values are published by the ISU and Skate Canada.

Sectional Championships

A championship that qualifies athletes toward and including but not limited to Skate Canada Challenge and the Canadian Figure Skating Championships.


The name given to a portion of an event.  Some categories have two segments (e.g., short program and free program) and some categories have only one segment.

Separation In Excess

In synchronized skating, separating longer than is necessary before resuming skating together as a unit.


The set order of the prescribed steps that compose one pattern of a Pattern Dance.

Set Of Sequential Twizzles

In ice dance, a series of two twizzles with up to one step between twizzles.

Set Of Synchronized Twizzles

In ice dance, a series of two twizzles with up to three steps between twizzles.

Set Pattern Dance

A dance for which the location, direction and curvature of all edges to be skated are designated in the applicable pattern dance diagram. This diagram must be followed as closely as possible. 

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