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Dance Jump

A jump of not more than one revolution

Dance Lift

A movement in which one of the partners is elevated with active and/or passive assistance of the other partner to any permitted height, sustained there and set down on the ice. Any rotations and positions and changes of such positions during the lift are permitted. Any variation or combinations of dance lifts as determined by the ISU Ice Dance Technical Committee are published in an ISU Communication.

Dance Pattern

The pattern of any dance is the design of the dance on the ice.  The diagram of a pattern dance includes all the information needed to execute one complete pattern (sequence) of the dance.

Dance Spin

A spin skated by the team together in any hold. It should be performed on the spot around a common axis on one foot with or without change(s) of foot by one or both partners.

Data Specialist (DS)

An individual sixteen years of age or older who has been trained and appointed to calculate the results of sanctioned figure skating competitions.

Death Spiral

Athlete B performs a pivot, holding one hand of Athlete A with their arms fully extended.  Athlete A circles around Athlete B on one foot in a position nearly parallel to the ice. The edge skated by Athlete A determines the name of the death spiral. i.e. backward outside, backward inside, forward outside, forward inside.

Difficulty Groups Of Elements

All elements in synchronized skating are divided into groups of difficulty based on the number of features included. Lists of difficulty groups of elements are determined each or every second year and published in a Skate Canada and ISU communication.

Downgraded Jump

A jump that is missing rotation of one half of a revolution or more. It is shown with the symbol << after the element code.


A movement in which a skater travels along the ice with one leg bent and the other leg directed behind with the boot/blade touching the ice.

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