0-9   A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Dance Pattern

The pattern of any dance is the design of the dance on the ice.  The diagram of a pattern dance includes all the information needed to execute one complete pattern (sequence) of the dance.

Dance Spin

A spin skated by the couple together in any hold. It should be performed on the spot around a common axis on one foot by each partner simultaneously.

Data Specialist (DS)

An individual sixteen years of age or older who has been trained and appointed to calculate the results of sanctioned figure skating competitions.

Death Spiral

A pivot figure in which the man is in a backward outside pivot, holding one hand of the woman with one hand.  The woman skates around the man on one foot with her body in a well-arched position, very close to the surface of the ice. The edge skated by the woman determines the name of the death spiral. i.e. backward outside, backward inside, forward outside, forward inside.

Difficulty Groups Of Elements

All elements in synchronized skating are divided into groups of difficulty based on the number of features included. Lists of difficulty groups of elements are determined each or every second year and published in a Skate Canada and ISU communication.

Downgraded Jump

A jump that is missing rotation of one half of a revolution or more. It is shown with the symbol << after the element code.


A movement in which a skater travels along the ice with one leg bent and the other leg directed behind with the boot/blade touching the ice.


May refer either to part of the skate blade, or the visible tracing of a skate blade on one foot that is on one curve. An edge may be either inside (towards the body) or outside (away from the body), and forward or backward, for a total for four different edges.

Edge Jump

A general term that refers to jumps that take off from an edge (i.e. waltz jump, salchow, loop, axel).

European Waltz-type Three-turn

A three-turn from an outside edge in which the free leg is extended and the toe and hip are well turned out and held over the tracing.  The instep of the free foot is drawn close to the skating foot as the turn is made. After the turn, the back inside edge is held for one beat before the weight is transferred to the free foot as it becomes the skating foot.

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