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Ravensburger Waltz-type Three-turn

An inside three-turn with the free leg extended over the tracing and left behind during the turn.  After the completion of the turn, the free leg swings through in front of the tracing before being brought back beside the skating foot in time for the next step; e.g., lead’s step 1 in Ravensburger Waltz).


A referee of an event within a competition is an experienced judge who has received further training to conduct an event and monitor the performance of the panel of judges. Referees are qualified to referee or judge at or below a specified level of competition in one or more of singles, pairs, ice dance or synchronized skating.

Regional Synchronized Skating Championships

A championship that qualifies athletes toward and including, but not limited to, the Canadian Figure Skating Championships or Canada Cup

Registration Year

September 1 to August 31 of any given year.

Reverse Kilian Hold

This position is similar to the Kilian position but with the follow at the lead's left.


The regularly repeated pattern of accented and unaccented beats which gives the music its character.

Rhythm Dance

A dance created by an ice dance team to dance music with designated rhythm(s) and/or theme(s) selected annually by the ISU Ice Dance Technical Committee.


A turn executed on one foot from an outside edge to an outside edge or an inside edge to an inside edge, with the exit curve on a different lobe from the entry curve. The skater turns in the direction of the entry curve. 


A short or long forward or backward edge skated on a curve.

Rotational Lift

In ice dance, a short lift in which the lifting partner rotates in one direction (clockwise or counter-clockwise) while travelling across the ice.

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