0-9   A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Attempted Jump

In principle, a clear preparation for a take-off for a jump, stepping to the entry edge or placing the toe pick into the ice and leaving the ice with or without a turn; receives no value and blocks a jump element box. 


A position in which the free leg is bent, and brought up, out and behind at a ninety-degree angle to the leg of the skating foot.


Public Accountant, as defined in the Act, appointed by the Members by Ordinary Resolution at the Annual Meeting to audit the books, accounts, and records of Skate Canada for a report to the Members at the next Annual Meeting.

Axel Jump

An edge jump with natural rotation that takes off from a forward outside edge; listed in the Scale of Values according to the number of rotations. Unlike other single jumps which are one rotation, a single Axel has one-and-a-half rotations.

Axel-type Jump

Either a waltz jump or axel jump of any number of rotations.


Refers to the imaginary line(s) which divide(s) the ice surface (e.g. long axis, short axis).  

Axis Of Intersection

In synchronized skating, refers to the axis where the skaters are passing/intersecting with one another. In the case of a collapsing intersection (box, triangle, etc.), the axis of intersection is defined as the area within the shape once the corners have started to intersect and before the skaters exit the intersection and pass through at the final corners.

Backward Entry Spins

These spins generally enter with a forward inside spiraling edge on the same foot on which the skater lands.  The spin is initiated by a forward inside three-turn creating a backward outside spinning edge

Base Level Technical Official (BLTO)

An individual sixteen years of age or older who is responsible for accurate technical panel process and for authorizing, correcting, deleting and adding elements to the list of elements performed during an event. The BLTO assists with the identification of elements in competition. The BLTO also assists with the identification of falls and illegal elements where appropriate to the level. The BLTO is qualified to act on a panel at or below a specified level of competition in singles only and can only be assigned to events where elements can be called no higher than base level.

Base Value

The value attributed to each element based on its level of difficulty assuming no additions or reductions for grades of execution.  Base values are listed in the scales of values (SOV). 

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