Terms used:

Additional Features

A term used in synchronized skating to describe technical content that increases the difficulty of an element.  Additional features such as step sequences, free skating moves, free skating elements and point of intersection are divided into groups according to their difficulty which are updated yearly and published in Skate Canada and ISU communications.

Base Value

Every Element (i.e. required element of the short program or element of the well balanced free skating program) has a certain Base Value indicated in the Scale of Values (SOV) chart published by the ISU and Skate Canada.

Category

The name for each level of competition within a discipline.  Examples of categories are STAR 1, STAR 2, Pre-Juvenile, Juvenile, Pre-Novice, etc.

Change of Configuration

In synchronized skating, when the number of lines, spokes, or circles changes during an element.

Configuration

In synchronized skating, refers to the number of lines, spokes and circles in an element (for example Block or Wheel, etc.).

Difficulty Groups of Elements

All elements in synchronized skating are divided into groups of difficulty based on the number of features included. Lists of difficult groups of elements are determined each or every second year and published in a Skate Canada and ISU communication.

Edge

May refer either to part of the skate blade, or the visible tracing of a skate blade on one foot that is on one curve. An edge may be either inside (towards the body) or outside (away from the body), and forward or backward, for a total for four different edges. A "deep edge" is a deep lean on the edge of the skate. Deep edges are rewarded, while skating on a "flat" (on both edges at the same time) is discouraged.

Element

A component that is part of a synchronized skating short program and free skating program.  Elements are divided into groups of difficulty.

Features

Technical content that increases the difficulty of an element which may become part of the difficulty group of an element.  Features such as pivoting, traveling, body movements, etc. are determined annually and published in a Skate Canada and ISU Communication.

Free Skating Program

A program of a specified length, skated to music of the skater’s choice. The skater is free to choose the number and the type of elements to be included, subject to the requirements outlined in the requirements for individual assessments/tests and competitions.

International Skating Union

The International Skating Union (ISU) is the exclusive international sport federation recognized by the International Olympic Committee administering the sports of Figure Skating and Speed Skating throughout the world. The ISU is composed of a number of national associations called ISU Members that administer ISU sports at the national level and recognize that all international matters are under the sole jurisdiction and control of the ISU.

Interruption

The time elapsed between the moment a skater stops performing the program until the moment the skater resumes performing the program.

Pivoting

A two-footed movement in which the toe picks of one foot are inserted into the ice by a skater as a central pivoting point while the other foot travels in a circular pattern around the pivot point.

Point of Intersection

In synchronized skating, the point of intersection is an additional feature for the intersection element.

Scale of Values

Contains Base Values of all listed elements and the numerical values of the Grades of Execution.

Sequence

The set order of the prescribed steps that compose one pattern (sequence) of a Pattern Dance.

Spin

In singles and pairs, a spin must have at least three revolutions to be considered a spin. The minimum number of revolutions in a position is two without interruption.  If this requirement is not fulfilled, the position is not counted. The change of foot in any spin must be preceded and followed by a spin position with at least three (3) revolutions. If one foot is lacking three revolutions in a basic position, the spin will receive less value. If the skater(s) falls when entering a spin, a spin or a spinning movement is allowed immediately after this fall (for filling time purpose) with this spin/movement not being counted as an element.

Spiral

A gliding position executed on one foot with free leg extended (including knee and foot) above hip level.

Step

The visible tracing on the ice that is executed on one foot. A step is counted each time there is a change of foot.

Steps

The visible tracing on the ice that is executed on one foot. A step is counted each time there is a change of foot.

Technical Controller

An individual sixteen years of age or older who is responsible for accurate technical panel process and authorizes, corrects, deletes and adds elements to the list of elements performed during an event. Technical controllers are qualified to act on panels at or below a specified level of competition in one or more of singles, pairs, ice dance or synchronized skating.

Turns

A rotational movement in which the skater moves from forward to backward or backward to forward using one foot and on an edge and axis (e.g. Three-turn, Bracket). In a two-foot turn the rotational movement from forward to backward or backward to forward is from one foot to the other foot (e.g. Mohawk, Choctaw).

 

1. PDF Version

2017-2018 Synchronized Skating technical requirements (june 19)

2. Technical Requirements Introduction

Please use the information outlined below in preparation for the 2017-2018 synchronized skating season.  The required elements for all domestic categories have been defined.

Additional information regarding element descriptions pertaining to Basic Requirements, Difficulty Groups of Elements, Difficulty Groups of Features and Calling Specifications for Elements and Features, Additional Features and Extra Features can be found in ISU Communication 2091. The Base Value for Levels and Scale of Values for elements in synchronized skating is not available yet.

Please visit www.isu.org to ensure you have the most accurate and up-to-date information available.

Appendix A includes specific criteria for the Pre-Juvenile, Juvenile and Adult SYS III category that may differ from the ISU requirements.

2.1. Transitions

Additional elements are allowed but they must be labeled as “Transitions” on the Planned Program Content Sheet. 

2.2. Illegal and Non-Permitted Restrictions

All domestic categories will follow the guidelines for illegal and non-permitted elements, features, additional features and movements as defined by the ISU Special Regulations and Technical Rules and Skate Canada technical documents. However, for Novice and below (including Adult) ISU Communication 2013 will be followed which states the following:

“d) Illegal and non-permitted elements 

The illegal and non-permitted elements are following the restrictions of Rule 992, paragraph 2 c) and paragraph 3 c). 

However, Novice teams are not allowed to include vaults or un-sustained lifts since those are only to be used in Junior and Senior Free Skating.”  

3. Pre-Juvenile

8 – 16 skaters, maximum music time 2:40 minutes (program times may be shorter and will receive no penalty).

Skaters must not have reached the age of 12 as of July 1st preceding the competition.

Pre-Juvenile teams must perform a well-balanced program containing the following five elements:

Pivoting Element (Block) (PB)

Rotating Element (Circle) (C)

Linear Element (Line) (L)

Rotating Element (Wheel) (W)

Intersection Element (I)

One pivoting element - block.

 

One rotating element - circle.

 

Features from Appendix A may be included for this element.

 

One linear element - line.

 

One rotating element - wheel.

 

Features from Appendix A may be included for this element.

One intersection element.

 

The pivoting element will be called up to and including Level 1.

 

The rotating element (circle) will be called up to and including Level 1.

 

The linear element will be called up to and including Level 1.

 

The rotating element (wheel) will be called up to and including Level 1.

The intersection element will be called no higher than Level Base.

The pi feature will be called no higher than Level Base.

 

Additional Information (Pre-Juvenile):

Additional elements are allowed but not recommended and they must be labeled as “Transitions” on the Planned Program Content Sheet.

  • There is no minimum requirement for the number of holds in a program.  However, the use of different and creative holds is encouraged and will be taken into account during the overall scoring of the program.
  • Forward and backward skating is permitted.
  • Listed turns and linking steps can be used.
  • Intersection element:
    • Must be executed with a face-to-face preparation and approach or the element will be given no value. 

4. Juvenile

8 – 16 skaters, maximum music time 3:10 minutes (program times may be shorter and will receive no penalty).

Skaters must not have reached the age of 15 as of July 1st preceding the competition and at least 75% of skaters must not have reached the age of 13 as of July 1st preceding the competition.

Juvenile teams must perform a well-balanced program containing the following six elements:

Pivoting Element (Block) (PB)

Traveling Element (Circle) (TC)

Rotating Element (Wheel) (W)

Intersection Element + Point of Intersection (I+pi)

Move Element

(ME)

No Hold Element + Step Sequence (NHE+s)

One pivoting element - block.

 

One traveling element - circle.

 

One rotating element - wheel.

 

One intersection element

 

One move element

 

The fm must be a spiral (unsupported) selected from the fm levels chart in Appendix A.

 

One no hold element.

 

The pivoting element will be called up to and including Level 2.

 

The traveling element will be called up to and including Level 2.

The rotating element will be called up to and including Level 2.

The intersection element will be called up to and including Level 2.

The pi feature will be called up to and including Level 2.

 

ME and fm will be called up to and including level 1.

NHE and step sequence additional feature will be called up to and including Level 2.

 

Additional Information (Juvenile):

  • There is no minimum requirement for the number of holds in a program. However, the use of different and creative holds is encouraged and will be taken into account during the overall scoring of the program. 

5. Pre-Novice

8 – 16 skaters, maximum music time 3:10 minutes (program times may be shorter and will receive no penalty).

Skaters must have reached the age of 12 as of July 1st preceding the competition but must not have reached the age of 18 as of July 1st preceding the competition.

Pre-Novice teams must perform a well-balanced program containing the following seven elements:

 

Group A: Choice of Linear or Rotating Element

Group C: Choice of Creative Element or Combined Element

Pivoting Element (Block) (PB)

Traveling Element (Circle) (TC)

Intersection Element + Point of Intersection (I+pi)

Move Element (ME)

No Hold Element + Step Sequence (NHE+s)

Linear Element (Line) (L)

Rotating Element (Wheel) (W)

Creative Element (Cr)

Combined Element (Co)

One pivoting element - block.

 

 

One traveling element - circle.

 

One intersection element.

 

One move element.

 

 

One no hold element.

 

One linear element – line.

 

One rotating element - wheel.

 

 

One creative element.

There are no restrictions within the Cr other than the illegal/ non-permitted movements/ elements as defined by the ISU and Skate Canada for this category.

 

One combined element.

 

The pivoting element will be called up to and including Level 2.

The traveling element will be called up to and including Level 2.

The intersection element and pi feature will be called up to and including Level 2 and pi Level 2.

 

The move element and fm additional feature will be called up to and including Level 2.

The NHE and step sequence additional feature will be called up to and including Level 2.

 

The linear element will be called up to and including Level 3.

The rotating element will be called up to and including Level 3.

Additional Information (Pre-Novice):

  • There is no minimum requirement for the number of holds in a program.  However, the use of different and creative holds is encouraged and will be taken into account during the overall scoring of the program. 

6. Novice

12 – 16 skaters, 3:30 min program +/- 10 sec.

Skaters must have reached the age of 10 as of July 1st preceding the competition but must not have reached the age of 15 as of July 1st preceding the competition.

Novice teams must perform a well-balanced program containing the following seven elements:

 

Group A: Choice of Linear or Rotating Element

Group C: Choice of Creative Element or Combined Element

Pivoting Element (Block) (PB)

Traveling Element (Circle) (TC)

Intersection Element + Point of Intersection (I+pi)

Move Element (ME)

No Hold Element + Step Sequence (NHE+s)

Linear Element (Line) (L)

Rotating Element (Wheel) (W)

Creative Element (Cr)

Combined Element (Co)

One pivoting element - block.

 

One traveling element – circle.

 

 

One intersection element.

 

One move element.

 

 

One no hold element.

 

One linear element – line.

 

One rotating element - wheel.

 

One creative element.

There are no restrictions within the Cr other than the illegal/ non-permitted movements/ elements as defined by the ISU and Skate Canada for this category.

 

One combined element.

 

The pivoting element will be up to and including Level 4.

The traveling element will be called up to and including Level 4.

The intersection element and pi feature will be called up to and including Intersection Level 3 and pi Level 3.

 

The move element and fm additional feature will be called up to and including Level 3.

The NHE and step sequence additional feature will be called up to and including Level 4.

 

The linear element will be called up to and including Level 4.

The rotating element will be called up to and including Level 4.

Additional Information (Novice):

  • There is no minimum requirement for the number of holds in a program.  However, the use of different and creative holds is encouraged and will be taken into account during the overall scoring of the program. 

7. Intermediate

12 – 16 skaters, 4:00 min program +/- 10 sec.

Skaters must have reached the age of 13 as of July 1st preceding the competition but must not have reached the age of 19 as of July 1st preceding the competition.

Intermediate teams must perform a well-balanced program containing the following eight elements:

 

Group A: Choice of Linear Element or Rotating Element

Group B: Choice of Pair or Synchronized Spin Element

Group C: Choice of Creative Element or Combined Element

Pivoting Element (Block) (PB)

Traveling Element (Circle) (TC)

Intersection Element + Point of Intersection (I+pi)

Move Element (ME)

No Hold Element + Step Sequence (NHE+s)

Linear Element (Line) (L)

Rotating Element (Wheel) (W)

Pair Element (Pa)

Synchronized Spin Element (Sp)

Creative Element (Cr)

Combined Element (Co)

One pivoting element - block.

 

One traveling element - circle.

 

 

One intersection element.

 

One move element.

One no hold element.

 

One linear element - line

 

One rotating element - wheel.

 

One pair element.

One spin element.

One creative element.

There are no restrictions within the Cr other than the illegal/ non-permitted movements/ elements as defined by the ISU and Skate Canada for this category.

 

One combined element.

 

The pivoting element will be called up to and including Level 4.

 

The traveling element will be called up to and including Level 4.

The intersection element and pi feature will be called up to and including Intersection Level 3 and pi Level 3.

 

The move element and fm additional feature will be called up to and including Level 3.

The NHE element and step sequence additional feature will be called up to and including Level 4.

 

The linear element will be called up to and including Level 4.

The rotating element will be called up to and including Level 4.

The pair element will be called up to and including Level 4.

The synchronized spin element will be called up to and including Level 3.

Additional Information (Intermediate):

  • The Intermediate well-balanced program will follow the guidelines of the ISU Junior Free Program Illegal Elements, Features, Additional Features and Movements and Non-Permitted Elements, Features, Additional Features and Movements.
  • There is no minimum requirement for the number of holds in a program.  However, the use of different and creative holds is encouraged and will be taken into account during the overall scoring of the program.
  • Group Lifts and pair lifts are not permitted 

8. Open

12 – 16 skaters, 4:00 min program +/- 10 sec.

Skaters must have reached the age of 15 as of July 1st preceding the competition.

Open teams must perform a well-balanced program containing the following eight elements:

 

Group A: Choice of Linear Element or Rotating Element

Group B: Choice of Pair or Synchronized Spin Element

Group C: Choice of Creative Element or Combined Element

Pivoting Element (Block) (PB)

Traveling Element (Circle) (TC)

Intersection Element + Point of Intersection (I+pi)

Move Element (ME)

No Hold Element + Step Sequence (NHE+s)

Linear Element (Line) (L)

Rotating Element (Wheel) (W)

Pair Element (Pa)

Synchronized Spin Element (Sp)

Creative Element (Cr)

Combined Element (Co)

One pivoting element - block.

One traveling element - circle.

One intersection element.

One move element.

One no hold element.

One linear element – line.

One rotating element – wheel.

One pair element.

One synchronized spin element.

One creative element. There are no restrictions within the Cr other than the illegal/ non-permitted movements/ elements as defined by the ISU and Skate Canada for this category.

 

One combined element.

 

The pivoting element will be called up to and including Level 4.

The traveling element will be called up to and including Level 4.

The intersection element and pi feature will be called up to and including intersection Level 3 and pi Level 3.

 

The move element and fm additional feature will be called up to and including Level 3.

The NHE element and step sequence additional feature will be called up to and including Level 4.

The linear element will be called up to and including Level 4.

The rotating element will be called up to and including Level 4.

The pair element will be called up to and including Level 4.

The synchronized spin element will be called up to and including Level 3.

Additional Information (Open):

  • The Open well balanced program will follow the guidelines of the ISU Junior Free Program Illegal Elements, Features, Additional Features and Movements and Non-Permitted Elements, Features, Additional Features and Movements.
  • There is no minimum requirement for the number of holds in a program.  However, the use of different and creative holds is encouraged and will be taken into account during the overall scoring of the program.
  • Group Lifts and pair lifts are not permitted 

9. Junior

16 skaters, maximum 2:50 min short program and 4:00 minutes free skating program +/- 10 sec.

Skaters must have reached the age of 13 as of July 1st preceding the competition but must not have reached the age of 19 as of July 1st preceding the competition. 

Please see ISU rules and regulations for a full description of the Junior short and free skating program requirements and restrictions. 

10. Senior

16 skaters, maximum music time 2:50 minutes short program and 4:30 minutes +/- 10 sec free skating program.

Skaters must have reached at least the age of 15 as of the July 1st preceding the competition. 

Please see ISU rules and regulations for a full description of the Senior short and free skating program requirements and restrictions. 

11. Adult SYS Class I

8 – 20 skaters, maximum music time 3:40 minutes (program times may be shorter and will receive no penalty).

Skaters must have reached the age of 18 as of July 1st preceding the competition.

Adult SYS Class I teams must perform a well-balanced program containing the following seven elements:

(Teams must choose one element from Group A and one element from Group B)

 

Group A:  Choice of Move, Pair or Synchronized Spin Element

Group C: Choice of Creative Element or Combined Element

Pivoting Element (Line) (PL)

Traveling Element (Circle) (TC)

Intersection Element + Point of Intersection (I+pi)

Linear Element (Block) (B)

Rotating Element (Wheel) (W)

Move Element (ME)

Pair Element (Pa)

Synchronized Spin Element (Sp)

Creative Element (Cr)

Combined Element (Co)

One pivoting element - line.

 

One traveling element - circle.

 

 

One intersection element.

 

One linear element – block.

One rotating element – circle.

 

One move element.

One pair element.

One synchronized spin element.

One creative element.

There are no restrictions within the Cr other than the illegal/ non-permitted movements/ elements as defined by the ISU and Skate Canada for this category.

 

One combined element.

 

The pivoting element will be called up to and including Level 4.

The traveling element will be called up to and including Level 4.

The intersection element and pi feature will be called up to and including intersection Level 3 and pi Level 3.

 

The linear element will be called up to and including Level 4.

The rotating element will be called up to and including Level 4.

The move element and fm additional feature will be called up to and including Level 3.

The pair element will be called up to and including Level 4

The synchronized spin element will be called up to and including Level 3.

Additional Information (Adult SYS Class I):

  • There is no minimum requirement for the number of holds in a program.  However, the use of different and creative holds is encouraged and will be taken into account during the overall scoring of the program.

12. Adult SYS Class II

8 – 20 skaters, maximum music time 3:10 minutes (program times may be shorter and will receive no penalty).

Skaters must have reached the age of 18 as of July 1st preceding the competition and at least 75% of the skaters must have reached the age of 25 as of July 1st preceding the competition.

Adult SYS Class II teams must perform a well -balanced program containing the following six elements:

 

Choice of Creative Element or Combined Element

Pivoting Element (Line) (PL)

Traveling Element (Circle) (TC)

Rotating Element (Wheel) (W)

Intersection Element + Point of Intersection (I+pi)

Linear Element (Block) (B)

Creative Element (Cr)

Combined Element (Co)

One pivoting element - line.

 

One traveling element - circle.

 

One rotating element – wheel.

One intersection element.

One linear element – block.

 

 

One creative element.

There are no restrictions within the Cr other than the illegal/ non-permitted movements/ elements as defined by the ISU and Skate Canada for this category.

 

One combined element.

The pivoting element will be called up to and including Level 2.

 

The traveling element will be called up to and including Level 2.

The rotating element will be called up to and including Level 2.

The intersection element will be called up to and including Level 1.

 

The pi additional feature will be called up to and including Level 2.

 

The linear element will be called up to and including Level 2.

 

Additional Information (Adult SYS Class II):

  • There is no minimum requirement for the number of holds in a program.  However, the use of different and creative holds is encouraged and will be taken into account during the overall scoring of the program. 

13. Adult SYS Class III

8–20 skaters, maximum music time 2:40 minutes (program times may be shorter and will receive no penalty).

Skaters must have reached the age of 19 as of July 1st preceding the competition. At least 75% of the skaters must have reached the age of 35 as of July 1st preceding the competition.

Adult SYS Class III teams must perform a well-balanced program containing the following five elements:

Pivoting Element (Line) (PL)

Rotating Element (Circle) (C)

Linear Element (Block) (B)

Rotating Element (Wheel) (W)

Intersection Element (I)

One pivoting element - line.

 

One rotating element - circle.

 

Features from Appendix A may be included for this element.

 

One linear element - block.

 

One rotating element – wheel.

 

Features from Appendix A may be included for this element.

One intersection element.

 

The pivoting element will be called up to and including Level 1.

 

The rotating element will be called up to and including Level 1.

 

The linear element will be called up to and including Level 1.

 

The wheel will be called up to and including Level 1.

The intersection element will be called no higher than Level Base.

The pi feature will be called no higher than Level Base.

 

Additional Information (Adult SYS Class III):

Additional elements are allowed but not recommended and they must be labeled as “Transitions” on the Planned Program Content Sheet.  The focus in the Adult SYS III category is on developing basic skating skills while executing the prescribed elements; the focus should remain on the basic elements. 

  • There is no minimum requirement for the number of holds in a program.  However, the use of different and creative holds is encouraged and will be taken into account during the overall scoring of the program.
  • Forward and backward skating is permitted.
  • Listed turns and linking steps can be used.
  • Intersection element:
    • Must be executed with a face-to-face preparation and approach or the element will be given no value. 

14. Appendix A 

14.1. Free Skating Moves (fm) and Rotating Elements (Wheel and Circle)

  1. Free Skating Moves (fm) – Additional Feature for Move Element (Juvenile) 

The fm additional feature to be included with the moves element in the Juvenile free programs must be an unsupported spiral selected from the following chart: 

Basic Requirements

  1. Any fm must be held for a minimum of three seconds in the correct position and on the correct edge
  2. An fm with one or several changes of edge and/or position(s) must be have a minimum of two seconds in each correct position and on each edge 

Level Base – fmB

Level 1 – fm1

Any fm that does not meet the basic requirements and/or calling specifications for Level 1, 2, or 3 but has been attempted by the team.

·      Spiral (forwards)

·      Spiral (backwards)

·      Variation of a spiral (unsupported)

 

 

  1. 14.2. Rotating Element – Wheel (Pre-Juvenile and Adult III)

Calling specifications

  • All skaters must be in the wheel formation for the technical panel to begin calling the element. The element ends when the formation breaks up and a transition into another element begins. 

Basic Requirements

  1. Must have at least 3 skaters in a spoke for WB or W1.
  2. The wheel element must rotate a minimum of 360° in one rotational direction or a comparable distance if both rotational directions are used 

Level Base - WB

Level 1 – W1

A Wheel that does not meet the level 1 requirement but meets the basic requirements and Calling Specifications.

Wheel must meet the basic requirements for Level B AND must include one (1) of the following choices:

 

- At least two (2) different configurations

OR

- Change of rotational direction

 

  1. Feature Requirements: At least two (2) different configurations

- There is no specific length of time that a configuration must be held, however it must be recognizable

- The change of configuration may be executed in any manner

- The skaters must maintain their flow during the change of configuration (stopping is not permitted) 

  1. Change of rotational direction

- The change of rotational direction (cd) must be executed at the same time by at least ½ of the team

- The change of rotational direction may be executed in any manner

- The skaters must maintain their flow during the change of rotational direction (stopping is not permitted) 

  1. 14.3. Rotating Element – Circle (Pre-Juvenile and Adult III) 

Calling Specifications

  • All skaters must be in the circle formation for the technical panel to begin calling the element. The element ends when the formation breaks up and a transition into another element begins. 

Basic Requirements

  1. Must have at least 4 skaters in each circle for CB or C1.
  2. If using two (2) or three (3) circles at the same time, the circles may have different number of skaters
  3. The circle must rotate a minimum of 360° in one rotational direction or a comparable distance if both rotational directions are used 

Level Base - CB

Level 1 – C1

A Circle that does not meet the level 1 requirement but meets the basic requirements and Calling Specifications.

Circle must meet the basic requirements for Level B AND must include one (1) of the following choices:

 

- At least two (2) different configurations

OR

- Change of rotational direction

 

  1. Feature Requirements: At least two (2) different configurations

- There is no specific length of time that a configuration must be held, however it must be recognizable

- The change of configuration may be executed in any manner

- The skaters must maintain their flow during the change of configuration (stopping is not permitted) 

  1. Change of rotational direction

- The change of rotational direction (cd) must be executed at the same time by at least ½ of the team

- The change of rotational direction may be executed in any manner

- The skaters must maintain their flow during the change of rotational direction (stopping is not permitted) 

15. Appendix B

15.1. Deductions 

Refer to Scoring of Skate Canada Competitions for information on deductions.

Additional deductions will be taken for an interruption in the program according to the INTERRUPTION DEDUCTION