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Terms used:

Axis

Refers to the imaginary line(s) which divide(s) the ice surface (e.g. long axis, short axis).  

Basic Position

Refers to the three basic spin positions – camel, sit and upright.

Beat

A note defining the regular recurring divisions of a piece of music.

Camel Position

Singles and Pairs: A basic spin position with the free leg backwards with the knee higher than the hip level, however Layback and Biellmann are still considered as upright positions.

Ice Dance: Performed on one foot with skating leg straight or slightly bent and body bent forward and free leg extended or bent upward on a horizontal line or higher.

Category

The name for each level of competition within a discipline.  Examples of categories are STAR 1, STAR 2, Pre-Juvenile, Juvenile, Pre-Novice, etc.

Choctaw

A turn from one foot to the other in which the curve of the exit edge is in the opposite direction to that of the entry edge. The change of foot is from outside edge to inside edge or inside edge to outside edge. In ice dance, unless otherwise specified in the dance description, the free foot is placed on the ice close to the skating foot. The entry and exit edge are of equal depth.

Choreographic Sequence

Consists of any kind of movements like steps, turns, spirals, arabesques, spread eagles, Ina Bauers, hydroblading, any jumps with maximum of two revolutions, spins, etc. The pattern is not restricted, but the sequence must be clearly visible.

Combination Spin

A combination spin has different definitions depending on the discipline as follows:

  • Singles: A spin which includes a change of position. A combination spin must include a minimum of two different basic positions with two revolutions in each of these positions anywhere within the spin. To receive full value, a spin combination must include all three basic positions.  
  • Pairs:  A pair spin which consists of at least one change of foot and one change of position of both partners. The pair spin combination must include a minimum of two different basic positions with two revolutions in each of these positions by both partners anywhere within the spin. To receive full value, a spin combination must include all three basic positions by both partners. 
  • Ice Dance: A dance spin which has a change of foot performed simultaneously by both partners.  
  • Synchronized Skating: The spin combination must include a minimum of two different basic positions (sit, camel, upright or any variation thereof) and only one change of foot. The change of foot and the change of position must occur at the same time by all skaters executing the spin. 

Crosscut

A step or sequence of steps (push + cross) in which the free foot crosses the skating foot completely before it is placed on the ice.

Cumulative Points Calculation

The Cumulative Points Calculation Judging System is a method for the calculation of results in the sport of figure skating. This system is based on the principle that a performance can be divided into elements (of difficulty) and program components, each of which can be evaluated individually. The total of the marks for all of the elements and components forms the score for each skater or team in a competition. The highest scoring skater, couple or team is declared the winner. The second highest places second and so on.

Dance Spin

A spin skated by the couple together in any hold. It should be performed on the spot around a common axis on one foot by each partner simultaneously.

Edge

May refer either to part of the skate blade, or the visible tracing of a skate blade on one foot that is on one curve. An edge may be either inside (towards the body) or outside (away from the body), and forward or backward, for a total for four different edges.

Edges

May refer either to part of the skate blade, or the visible tracing of a skate blade on one foot that is on one curve. An edge may be either inside (towards the body) or outside (away from the body), and forward or backward, for a total for four different edges.

Event

The name given to a group of skaters entered in a category.  There may be one event per category or several events per category depending on the number of total entries.  Each event is independent of the other events within the category. 

Events

The name given to a group of skaters entered in a category.  There may be one event per category or several events per category depending on the number of total entries.  Each event is independent of the other events within the category. 

Fall

Defined as a loss of control by a skater with the result that the majority of his/her own body weight is on the ice being supported by any other part of the body other than the blades. e.g. hand(s), knee(s), back, buttock(s) or any part of the arm.

Features

Technical content that increases the difficulty of an element which may become part of the difficulty group of an element.  Features such as pivoting, traveling, body movements, etc. are determined annually and published in a Skate Canada and ISU Communication.

Flying Spin

  • Novice and lower and STAR:
    • Spins that enter with a jump and land in a spinning position. The spin may have a change of foot or a change of position or both. 
  • ISU definitions for Junior and Senior:
    • A spin with a flying entrance with no change of foot or position.  The name of the flying spin corresponds to its landing position. This definition is specific to junior and senior short programs.  
  • Spin with a flying entrance:
    • This is the ISU definition for all flying spins that are not ‘flying spins’ as defined above.

 

Free Skating Program

A program of a specified length, skated to music of the skater’s choice. The skater is free to choose the number and the type of elements to be included, subject to the requirements outlined in the requirements for individual assessments/tests and competitions.

International Skating Union

The International Skating Union (ISU) is the exclusive international sport federation recognized by the International Olympic Committee administering the sports of Figure Skating and Speed Skating throughout the world. The ISU is composed of a number of national associations called ISU Members that administer ISU sports at the national level and recognize that all international matters are under the sole jurisdiction and control of the ISU.

Interruptions

The period of time starting immediately when the competitor stops performing the program or is ordered to do so by the referee, whichever is earlier, and ending when the competitor resumes the performance.

Jump Combination

Singles and Pairs: Two or more jumps in which the landing foot of the first jump is the take-off foot of the next jump and so on. There is no change of foot or turn between the jumps, although the toe may be used to assist the take-off. One full revolution on the ice between the jumps (free foot can touch the ice, but no weight transfer) keeps the element within the definition of a jump combination.

Synchronized Skating: Any number of jumps of at least one revolution that may be linked with turns, steps or with a slight touch down.

Jump Combinations

Singles and Pairs: Two or more jumps in which the landing foot of the first jump is the take-off foot of the next jump and so on. There is no change of foot or turn between the jumps, although the toe may be used to assist the take-off. One full revolution on the ice between the jumps (free foot can touch the ice, but no weight transfer) keeps the element within the definition of a jump combination.

Synchronized Skating: Any number of jumps of at least one revolution that may be linked with turns, steps or with a slight touch down.

Jump Elements

An individual jump, a jump combination or a jump sequence.

Loop

A one-foot movement where the skater skates an oval pattern using the same edge. The entry and exit of the loop must cross. The loop must be clean cut without scrapes or points.

Loops

A one-foot movement where the skater skates an oval pattern using the same edge. The entry and exit of the loop must cross. The loop must be clean cut without scrapes or points.

Pattern Dance Element

A series of prescribed steps, turns and movements in a rhythm dance consisting of a sequence of a pattern dance or a section of a pattern dance or a combination of steps/turns from pattern dances

Pattern Dance Elements

A series of prescribed steps, turns and movements in a rhythm dance consisting of a sequence of a pattern dance or a section of a pattern dance or a combination of steps/turns from pattern dances

Pivot

A two-footed movement in which the toe picks of one foot are inserted into the ice by a skater as a central pivoting point while the other foot travels in a circular pattern around the pivot point.

Pivoting

A two-footed movement in which the toe picks of one foot are inserted into the ice by a skater as a central pivoting point while the other foot travels in a circular pattern around the pivot point.

Program Components

Progressive

A step or sequence of steps in which the free foot passes the skating foot before is it placed on the ice, thereby bringing the new free foot off the ice trailing the new skating foot.

Rhythm

The regularly repeated pattern of accented and unaccented beats which gives the music its character.

Rhythm Dance

A dance created by an ice dance couple to dance music with designated rhythm(s) and/or theme(s) selected annually by the ISU Ice Dance Technical Committee.

Rocker

A turn executed on one foot from an outside edge to an outside edge or an inside edge to an inside edge, with the exit curve on a different lobe from the entry curve. The skater turns in the direction of the entry curve. 

Run

A step or sequence of steps in which the free foot passes the skating foot before is it placed on the ice, thereby bringing the new free foot off the ice trailing the new skating foot.

Section

As defined in Section 8.1 hereof [of the bylaws].

Sequence

The set order of the prescribed steps that compose one pattern of a Pattern Dance.

Sequences

The set order of the prescribed steps that compose one pattern of a Pattern Dance.

Set of Sequential Twizzles

In ice dance, a series of two twizzles with up to one step between twizzles.

Short Axis

A straight line that divides the ice surface into two halves crosswise (midline). On an ice surface that is 100’ x 85’, the short axis runs the width of the 85’ side through the middle of the ice.

Sit Position

Singles and Pairs: A basic spin position with the upper part of the skating leg at least parallel to the ice.

Ice Dance: A basic spin position performed on one foot with skating leg bent in a one-legged crouch position and free leg forward, to the side or back.

Solo Spin

In ice dance, a spinning movement performed on one foot on the spot by one partner alone (with or without the assistance of the other partner) or by both partners simultaneously (around separate centres).

Spin

An element where the skater rapidly revolves, centred on a single point on the ice, while holding one or more body positions.  In singles and pairs, a spin must have at least three revolutions to be considered a spin. The minimum number of revolutions in a position is two without interruption.

 

 

Spin In One Position

In singles and pairs, any spin which has only one of the three basic positions and no non-basic positions.  In spins in one position and flying spins in one position, the concluding upright position at the end of the spin is not considered to be another position independent of the number of revolutions, as long as the skater is executing only the final wind-up without any enhancements.

Spins

An element where the skater rapidly revolves, centred on a single point on the ice, while holding one or more body positions.  In singles and pairs, a spin must have at least three revolutions to be considered a spin. The minimum number of revolutions in a position is two without interruption.

 

 

Spiral

A gliding position executed on one foot with free leg extended (including knee and foot) above hip level.

Spiral Sequence

A collection of at least two spirals executed on different feet.  The spirals must not be separated by other elements such as jumps or spins.  Some categories have requirements for the number of steps between the spirals, supported/unsupported and/or skating direction of the spirals.

Spirals

A gliding position executed on one foot with free leg extended (including knee and foot) above hip level.

Step

The visible tracing on the ice that is executed on one foot. A step is counted each time there is a change of foot.

Styles

Characteristics of levels of step sequences in ice dance.

Tempo

The speed of the music in beats or measures per minute.

Three-turn

A turn executed on one foot from an outside edge to an inside edge or an inside edge to an outside edge, with the exit curve continuing on the same lobe as the entry curve. The skater turns in the direction of the curve.

Turn

A rotational movement in which the skater moves from forward to backward or backward to forward using one foot and on an edge and axis (e.g. Three-turn, Bracket). In a two-foot turn the rotational movement from forward to backward or backward to forward is from one foot to the other foot (e.g. Mohawk, Choctaw).

Turns

A rotational movement in which the skater moves from forward to backward or backward to forward using one foot and on an edge and axis (e.g. Three-turn, Bracket). In a two-foot turn the rotational movement from forward to backward or backward to forward is from one foot to the other foot (e.g. Mohawk, Choctaw).

Twizzles

A traveling turn on one foot with one or more rotations which is quickly rotated with a continuous, uninterrupted action. The weight remains on the skating foot with the free foot in any position during the turn then placed beside the skating foot to skate the next step.

The following rules pertain to the specific requirements for all STAR categories including Assessed to Standard Synchro. Information pertaining to assessment criteria, event management, etc. can be found in the Guides section of the Info Centre.

Refer to the Competitions Rule and Scoring of Skate Canada Competitions Rule for a full list of deductions pertaining to timing, interruptions, illegal elements, costumes and props, etc.

Free Skating

STAR 1 Element Assessment

Must not have passed any part of the STAR 6 (Senior Bronze) Free Skate assessment

Elements assessed to standard

Skaters may be grouped by age; no age restrictions

Eight elements:

STAR 2 Compulsory Assessment Program

Must not have passed any part of the STAR 6 (Senior Bronze) free skate assessment

A program to music a maximum of two minutes 10 seconds in length

Individual elements plus Skating Skills and Performance assessed to standard 

Skaters may be grouped by age; no age restrictions

Nine elements:

STAR 3 Free Skating Program

Must not have passed the any part of the STAR 6 (Senior Bronze) free skate assessment

A free skating program to music of two minutes in length (plus or minus 10 seconds)

Individual elements plus Skating Skills, Performance, and Interpretation assessed to standard 

Skaters may be grouped by age; no age restrictions

Eight elements:

STAR 4 Free Skating Program

Must not have passed any part of the STAR 6 (Senior Bronze) free skate assessment

Age: three age categories may be used: Under 10, Under 13, 13 and over before July 1 preceding the event

A free skating program to music of two minutes in length (plus or minus 10 seconds)

Individual elements plus Skating Skills, Performance, and Interpretation assessed to standard; skaters are ranked

Eight elements:

STAR 5 Free Skating Program

Must not have passed any part of the STAR 8 (Junior Silver) free skate assessment

A free skating program to music of two minutes in length (plus or minus 10 seconds)

STAR 5 will be scored using CPC and skaters will be ranked

Four Program Components will be assessed: Skating Skills, Transitions, Performance and Interpretation

Three age categories may be used should numbers warrant: Under 10, Under 13, 13 and over

Eight elements:

STAR 6 Free Skating Program

Must have passed the complete STAR 5 free skate assessment

A free skating program to music of two minutes 30 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds)

Skaters may be grouped by age if numbers warrant

Eight elements:

STAR 7 Short Program

Must have passed the complete STAR 5 free skate assessment

A short program to music of two minutes 20 seconds in length (plua or minus 10 seconds)

Skaters may be grouped by age if numbers warrant

Six elements:

STAR 8 Free Skating Program

Must have passed the complete STAR 5 free skate assessment

One free skating program to music three minutes in length (plus or minus 10 seconds)

Skaters may be grouped by age if numbers warrant

10 elements:

STAR 9 Short Program

Must have passed the complete STAR 5 free skate assessment

One short program a maximum of two minutes 20 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds)

Skaters may be grouped by age if numbers warrant

Six elements:

STAR 10 Free Skating Program

Must have passed the complete STAR 8 (Junior Silver) free skate assessment

One free skating program to music of three minutes in length (plus or minus 10 seconds)

Skaters may be grouped by age if numbers warrant

10 elements:

Gold Free Skating Program

Must have passed the complete STAR 8 (Junior Silver) free skate assessment

One free skating program to music of three minutes 30 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds)

Skaters may be grouped by age if numbers warrant

11 elements:

Pairs

Pairs teams must be composed of two skaters.

Introductory Pairs

Each partner may have passed the STAR 5 free skate assessment; no other restrictions

One free skating program to music two minutes 30 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds)

All elements called to maximum Level Base regardless of content

Seven elements:

Open Pairs

Each partner must have passed at least the STAR 5 free skate assessment; no other restrictions

One free skating program to music two minutes 30 seconds in length (plus or minus 10 seconds)

At the discretion of the organizing committee, the event categories may be further divided based on the number of entries and test levels

All elements called to maximum Level Base regardless of content

Nine elements:

Ice Dance

Couples Pattern Dance

Dance teams must be composed of two skaters.

Competitors may enter only one couples pattern dance event.

Key Points will not be used.

Skate Canada Series Eight music will be used for all pattern dance events. However, couples have the option to use a selection from the ISU Ice Dance music (only tunes one to five) or from the Skate Canada approved list of contemporary music. If couples choose to use either an ISU or contemporary music selection, they must supply this music to the competition organizers as indicated in the announcement for the competition. Only Skate Canada Series Eight music will be used during the warm-up period.

STAR 2/3 Pattern Dance

Assessment: Neither partner may have passed the complete STAR 6 (Senior Bronze) dance assessment

Assessed to standard

STAR 4/5 Pattern Dance

Assessment: Neither partner may have passed the complete STAR 6 (Senior Bronze) dance assessment

STAR 6/7 Pattern Dance

Assessment: At least one partner must have passed the complete STAR 5 dance assessment

STAR 8/9 Pattern Dance

Assessment: At least one partner must have passed the complete STAR 5 dance assessment

STAR 10 Pattern Dance

Assessment: At least one partner must have passed the complete STAR 7 (Junior Silver) dance assessment

Gold Pattern Dance

Assessment: At least one partner must have passed the complete STAR 7 (Junior Silver) dance assessment

Diamond Pattern Dance

Assessment: At least one partner must have passed the complete STAR 7 (Junior Silver) dance assessment

Solo Pattern Dance

Competitors may enter only one solo pattern dance event

Key points will not be used

Skate Canada Series Eight music will be used for all pattern dance events. However, couples have the option to use a selection from the ISU Ice Dance music (only tunes one to five) or from the Skate Canada approved list of contemporary music. If couples chose to use either an ISU or contemporary music selection, they must supply this music to the competition organizers as indicated in the announcement for the competition. Only Skate Canada Series Eight music will be used during the warm-up period.

Each level of Solo Pattern Dance event must be offered in two styles; “Lead” and “Follow”. Competitors entering a “Lead” event would perform the Lead (man’s) steps for the designated dances. Similarly, competitors entering a “Follow” event would perform the Follow (lady’s) steps for the designated dances. This will allow competitors to choose the style of steps they wish to perform and compete against other competitors performing the same steps.

STAR 2/3 Solo Pattern Dance

Assessment: May not have passed the complete STAR 5 dance assessment

Assessed to standard

Draw for one of:

STAR 4/5 Solo Pattern Dance

Assessment: Must have passed the STAR 4 dance assessment or higher

STAR 6/7 Solo Pattern Dance

Assessment: Must have passed the STAR 5 dance assessment or higher

STAR 8/9 Solo Pattern Dance

Assessment: Must have passed the STAR 5 dance assessment or higher

STAR 10/Gold Solo Pattern Dance

Assessment: Must have passed the complete STAR 7 (Junior Silver) dance assessment

Open Solo Rhythm Dance

Assessment: Must have passed the complete STAR 9 (Senior Silver) dance assessment

One short dance program to music of two minutes fifty seconds (plus or minus 10 seconds)

Rhythm specifications: Waltz or Waltz plus one additional rhythm

Pattern dance elements must be skated on the Waltz rhythm, in the style of the Waltz with the range of tempo 58 measures of three beats per minute (174 beats per minute) plus or minus two beats per minute

The tempo of the music throughout the pattern dance element must be constant

The pattern must proceed in a generally constant direction and must not cross the long axis of the ice surface except once at each end of the rink within no more than 30 meters (short axis) of the barrier. Skater may also cross the long axis once at the entry and/or exit to the step sequence and/or once at the entry to the pattern dance element. Loops are permitted provided they do not cross the long axis. However, the following do not constitute violations of these provisions:

Up to two full stops not exceeding five seconds each, or one full stop not exceeding 10 seconds) are permitted. Stop options include:

Required elements:

Artistic

Artistic programs are designed by the skater and/or coach and focus on the skater’s ability to develop performance, creativity and interpretation. Artistic programs combine skating skills such as turns, edges, and field movements, with creative spins and the ability to project emotion and artistry. Programs must include required content for the purpose of enhancing the skater’s interpretation and musicality. The focus of the required elements is on their quality, creativity, and ability to enhance the program rather than for their technical difficulty. Movements should not be merely a collection of pleasing or spectacular moves assembled to popular music for the purpose of entertaining an audience (exhibition/show program).

Skaters must wear simple black attire for Artistic events. This may include pants, skirt, dress, leggings, etc. with no excessive beading or design. Attire that is not black, simple in nature, or theatrical will be penalized by deduction. The rationale for this simple attire is to ensure the focus is on the skater’s performance, moves and interpretation to the music without the distraction or leading nature of a costume or attire that may be theatrical in nature.

Artistic events consist of four levels of competition.

Star 5

Assessment: Must have passed STAR 4 Skills Assessment or Introductory Interpretive test

One artistic program to music, a maximum of two minutes and ten seconds in length

Program must include:

  1. Choreographic Step Sequence
  2. Field Movement Sequence OR Spiral Sequence
  3. Choreographic Spin

STAR 7

Assessment: Must have passed the STAR 5 Artistic assessment or Bronze Interpretive test but no higher

One artistic program to music, a maximum of two minutes and ten seconds in length

Program must include:

  1. Choreographic Step Sequence
  2. Field Movement Sequence
  3. Choreographic Spin

STAR 9

Test: Must have passed the STAR 7 Artistic assessment or Silver Interpretive test but no higher

One artistic program to music, a maximum of two minutes and 10 seconds in length

Program must include:

  1. Choreographic Step Sequence
  2. Field Movement Sequence
  3. Choreographic Spin

Gold

Assessment: Must have passed the Gold Artistic assessment or Gold Interpretive test but no higher

One artistic program to music, a maximum of two minutes and 40 seconds in length

Program must include:

  1. Choreographic Step Sequence
  2. Field Movement Sequence OR 360 Degree Field Movement
  3. Choreographic Spin

Showcase

Showcase programs are designed by the skaters and/or coach and focus on the skater’s ability to entertain an audience through use of theatrics or artistic abilities. Programs may tell a story, create a mood or have an obvious theme. Costumes and props are permitted within the restrictions.

Showcase events consist of four levels of competition and may be offered in Singles, Group and/or Production events.

Program content, rules and event procedures are the same for all levels:

Showcase 1

Test: May have passed the complete STAR 4 Free Skate test but no higher complete free skate test

One program to music a maximum of one minute in length

Three program components will be assessed to standard: Skating Skills, Performance and Interpretation

Showcase 2

Test: May have passed the complete STAR 5 (Junior Bronze) Free Skate test but no higher than the complete Senior Bronze test

One program to music a maximum of one minute 30 seconds in length

Three program components will be assessed to standard: Skating Skills, Performance and Interpretation

Showcase 3

Test: May have passed the complete Senior Bronze Free Skate test but no higher than the complete Junior Silver Free Skate test

One program to music a maximum of two minutes in length

Showcase 4

Test: May have passed the complete Junior Silver Free Skate test or higher

One program to music a maximum of two minutes 30 seconds in length

Creative Improv

Creative Improv programs are designed only by the skater with minimal preparation. Creative Improv tests the skater’s ability to quickly interpret a given piece of music and entertain the audience. There is no coaching permitted for these events.

Program content, rules and event procedures are the same for all levels:

Creative Improv 1

Test: May have passed the complete STAR 3 Free Skate test but no higher complete free skate test

One program to music a maximum of 45 seconds

Three program components will be assessed to standard: Skating Skills, Performance and Interpretation

Creative Improv 2

Test: May have passed the complete STAR 5 Free Skate test but no higher than the complete Senior Bronze Free Skate test

One program to music a maximum of 45 seconds

Three program components will be assessed to standard: Skating Skills, Performance and Interpretation

Creative Improv 3

Test: May have passed the complete Senior Bronze Free Skate test but no higher than the complete Junior Silver Free Skate test

One program to music a maximum of one minute in length

Creative Improv 4

Test: May have passed the complete Junior Silver Free Skate test

One program to music a maximum of one minute in length

Elements

Individual Elements

Elements events are an opportunity for skaters to perform free skate elements in a competition format without the constraints of a performance or musical interpretation associated with the use of music. Skaters are able to focus on proper technique and quality while challenging themselves to attempt more difficult elements. Element events consist of progressive levels beginning at STAR 2 up to Gold. Entry for Element events is consistent with Free Skate events and skaters may skate up one level if they choose.

Procedures for individual elements events:

STAR 2 Elements

Assessed to standard

STAR 3 Elements

Assessed to standard

STAR 4 Elements

Assessed to standard with ranking

STAR 5 Elements

Assessed to standard with ranking

STAR 6 Elements

Assessed to standard with ranking

STAR 7/8 Elements

Assessed to standard with ranking

STAR 9/10

Assessed to standard with ranking

Gold

Assessed to standard with ranking

Open (STAR 6 or higher)

Assessed to standard with ranking

Team Elements

Team Element events are an opportunity for groups of skaters to perform together in a fun atmosphere. Skaters each perform a free skate element to contribute to an overall team assessment. Team Element events consist of progressive levels beginning at STAR 2 up to Gold. Entry for Team Element events is consistent with Free Skate events and teams may skate up one level if they choose.

Procedures for Team Elements events: Team Elements will perform the same elements as listed in the Individual Elements events:

Assessed to Standard Synchronized Skating

Assessment criteria and minimum element considerations are detailed in the Synchro Assessed to Standard Guide

Beginner I

Teams consist of eight to16 skaters

Age: At least 75% of the skaters must not have reached the age of 12 before July 1 preceding the competition

The team will perform a free skating program to music a maximum of two minutes ten seconds in length

A well-balanced Beginner I SYS program contains:

Beginner II

Teams consist of eight to16 skaters

Age: Skaters must not have reached the age of 12 before July 1 preceding the competition and at least 75% of the skaters must not have reached the age of 10 before July 1 preceding the competition

The team shall perform a free skating program to music a maximum of two minutes forty seconds in length

A well-balanced Beginner II SYS program contains:

Elementary

Teams consist of eight to16 skaters

Age: Skaters must not have reached the age of 15 before July 1 preceding the competition

The team shall perform a free skating program to music a maximum of two minutes forty seconds in length

A well-balanced Elementary SYS program contains: