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Terms used:

Beat

A note defining the regular recurring divisions of a piece of music.

Bracket

A turn executed on one foot from an outside edge to an inside edge or an inside edge to an outside edge, with the exit curve continuing on the same lobe as the entry curve. The skater turns in the direction opposite to the curve.

Brackets

A turn executed on one foot from an outside edge to an inside edge or an inside edge to an outside edge, with the exit curve continuing on the same lobe as the entry curve. The skater turns in the direction opposite to the curve.

Chair

The chair of the Board.

Change of Edge

The visible tracing of a skate on one foot that changes from one curve and edge to another curve and edge.

Choctaw

A turn from one foot to the other in which the curve of the exit edge is in the opposite direction to that of the entry edge. The change of foot is from outside edge to inside edge or inside edge to outside edge. In ice dance, unless otherwise specified in the dance description, the free foot is placed on the ice close to the skating foot. The entry and exit edge are of equal depth.

Choctaws

A turn from one foot to the other in which the curve of the exit edge is in the opposite direction to that of the entry edge. The change of foot is from outside edge to inside edge or inside edge to outside edge. In ice dance, unless otherwise specified in the dance description, the free foot is placed on the ice close to the skating foot. The entry and exit edge are of equal depth.

Closed Choctaw

A choctaw in which the instep of the free foot is held at the heel of the skating foot until the free foot is placed on the ice behind the heel of the skating foot. Following the weight transfer the immediate position of the new free foot is in front of the new skating foot (e.g. steps 12 and 13 of the Blues).

Counter

A turn executed on one foot from an outside edge to an outside edge or an inside edge to an inside edge, with the exit curve on a different lobe from the entry curve. The skater turns in the direction opposite to the entry curve (i.e. in the direction of the exit curve).

Counters

A turn executed on one foot from an outside edge to an outside edge or an inside edge to an inside edge, with the exit curve on a different lobe from the entry curve. The skater turns in the direction opposite to the entry curve (i.e. in the direction of the exit curve).

Cross Roll

A roll started with the action of the free foot approaching the skating foot from the side so as to strike the ice almost at right-angles to the skating foot, started forward with the feet crossed in front or backward with the feet crossed behind. The impetus is gained from the outside edge of the skating foot as it becomes the new skating foot. In this case, the change of lean to the curve in the opposite direction creates a rolling movement.

Crosscut

A step or sequence of steps (push + cross) in which the free foot crosses the skating foot completely before it is placed on the ice.

Drag

A movement in which a skater travels along the ice with one leg bent and the other leg directed behind with the boot/blade touching the ice.

Edge

May refer either to part of the skate blade, or the visible tracing of a skate blade on one foot that is on one curve. An edge may be either inside (towards the body) or outside (away from the body), and forward or backward, for a total for four different edges.

Edges

May refer either to part of the skate blade, or the visible tracing of a skate blade on one foot that is on one curve. An edge may be either inside (towards the body) or outside (away from the body), and forward or backward, for a total for four different edges.

Evaluator

An individual sixteen years of age or older who is responsible for assessing tests in the STARSkate program.  Evaluators are qualified to assess tests at or below a specified level in one or more of the STARSkate program disciplines.

Evaluators

An individual sixteen years of age or older who is responsible for assessing tests in the STARSkate program.  Evaluators are qualified to assess tests at or below a specified level in one or more of the STARSkate program disciplines.

Features

Technical content that increases the difficulty of an element which may become part of the difficulty group of an element.  Features such as pivoting, traveling, body movements, etc. are determined annually and published in a Skate Canada and ISU Communication.

Flat

The visible double tracing of a skate that is straight (imprinted by the skater skating on one foot on both edges of the blade).

Hop

A small jump without revolution.

Ina Bauer

A two-footed movement in which the skater travels along the ice with one foot on a forward edge/tracing and the other on a matching backward edge on a different but parallel edge/tracing.

Interruption

The period of time starting immediately when the competitor stops performing the program or is ordered to do so by the referee, whichever is earlier, and ending when the competitor resumes the performance.

Lobes

A curve that is representative of a part of a circle.  In ice dance, a lobe is any sequence of steps on one side of the continuous axis that is approximately semi-circular in shape.

Loop

A one-foot movement where the skater skates an oval pattern using the same edge. The entry and exit of the loop must cross. The loop must be clean cut without scrapes or points.

Loops

A one-foot movement where the skater skates an oval pattern using the same edge. The entry and exit of the loop must cross. The loop must be clean cut without scrapes or points.

Measure

A unit of music which is defined by the periodic recurrence of the accent. Such units are of equal number of beats.

Mohawk

A turn from one foot to the other in which the entry and exit curves are continuous and of equal depth. The change of foot is from an outside edge to an outside edge or from and inside edge to an inside edge.

Mohawks

A turn from one foot to the other in which the entry and exit curves are continuous and of equal depth. The change of foot is from an outside edge to an outside edge or from and inside edge to an inside edge.

Open Choctaw

A choctaw in which the free foot is placed on the ice at the inner side of the skating foot. Following the weight transfer the immediate position of the new free foot is behind the heel of the new skating foot.

Pivot

A two-footed movement in which the toe picks of one foot are inserted into the ice by a skater as a central pivoting point while the other foot travels in a circular pattern around the pivot point.

Rhythm

The regularly repeated pattern of accented and unaccented beats which gives the music its character.

Rocker

A turn executed on one foot from an outside edge to an outside edge or an inside edge to an inside edge, with the exit curve on a different lobe from the entry curve. The skater turns in the direction of the entry curve. 

Rockers

A turn executed on one foot from an outside edge to an outside edge or an inside edge to an inside edge, with the exit curve on a different lobe from the entry curve. The skater turns in the direction of the entry curve. 

Roll

A short or long, forward or backward edge skated on a curve.

Section

As defined in Section 8.1 hereof [of the bylaws].

Sequence

The set order of the prescribed steps that compose one pattern of a Pattern Dance.

Sequences

The set order of the prescribed steps that compose one pattern of a Pattern Dance.

Spiral

A gliding position executed on one foot with free leg extended (including knee and foot) above hip level.

Spread Eagle

A curving, two-footed movement in which the skater skates with one foot on a forward edge and the other on a matching backward edge on the same curve (eg. outside and outside).

Step

The visible tracing on the ice that is executed on one foot. A step is counted each time there is a change of foot.

Strong Beat

The first beat of the measure or group of two measures supporting the skating count of the rhythm.

Turn

A rotational movement in which the skater moves from forward to backward or backward to forward using one foot and on an edge and axis (e.g. Three-turn, Bracket). In a two-foot turn the rotational movement from forward to backward or backward to forward is from one foot to the other foot (e.g. Mohawk, Choctaw).

Turns

A rotational movement in which the skater moves from forward to backward or backward to forward using one foot and on an edge and axis (e.g. Three-turn, Bracket). In a two-foot turn the rotational movement from forward to backward or backward to forward is from one foot to the other foot (e.g. Mohawk, Choctaw).

STARSkate Program Delivery Standards

STARSkate Program On-Ice Delivery

Group Lesson Format

Private Lesson Format

Skaters receive individual private lessons from a professional coach during sessions based on the following test levels*:

STAR 1-5 level please refer to the STAR 1-5 Resource Toolkit

Senior Bronze - Gold

Note: Competitive skaters may increase frequency 1-2 times more per week. Competitive skaters opting to specialize in dance may switch the time allotted for free skating with more dance session time.

Note: these numbers are guidelines and may be increased 

STARSkate Program Off-Ice Delivery

Skating Skills Senior Bronze - Gold

The following guidelines have been developed to provide a general overview of the expected performance level for the Skating Skills tests. Standards have been developed for each exercise to outline the specific points to look for in the exercise.

Skating Skills music as well as the Skating Skills Technical video may be purchased through the Skate Canada order department.

Definition & Description of a Skating Skills Exercise

A Skating Skills exercise is a combination of fundamental skating movements, executed on a pattern and skated solo to prescribed music.

The movements are derived from compulsory figures, free skating and ice dancing.

Each exercise is unique and focuses on various technical abilities, in a logical progression from Preliminary through to Gold.

Criteria for Assessment 

The criteria for overall assessment of each exercise are as follows:

Edge Quality

Assessment Criteria: Accuracy and Depth of Edge

    • Characterized by a stable arc without sub-curves or wobbles.
    • Accuracy of the edge and depth (degree of lean) are the assessment components of edge quality.

      Note: There is great variance in the depth of edge for the steps and lobes.

Ice Coverage

Assessment Criteria: Power and Flow

    • Power is the creation of speed.
    • Flow is the maintenance of speed.
    • Power and flow are the assessment components of ice coverage.
    • Placement (pattern) will vary according to the size of the rink and the size/strength of the skater.
    • Power from the blade (rather than the toe) is required (except where noted otherwise).
      This should be evident in at least 75% of the pushes in each exercise.

Ease of Motion

Assessment Criteria: Balance, Control, Agility and Flexibility

    • Balance on the blade; control of the body
    • Balance and control create stability.
    • Agility or quickness refers to the rapid and precise execution of turns, changes of edge and transitions (i.e. weight transfer from one foot to the other)
    • Flexibility refers to the range of motion in the joints (shoulder, hip and ankle).

      Note:
      Some skaters may be limited in their flexibility (hip turn-out) due to their body build. Steps such as the continuous choctaws, Ina Bauers and spread eagles required in Senior Silver Rockers and Choctaws, Gold Multi-Circle Double Threes and Mohawks and Gold Expanding Exercise may be difficult for some skaters to execute well. Therefore, weak edge quality, shortened or unbalanced movements in these particular skills should not prevent skaters from passing provided that the other requirements meet the standards.

Correctness of Steps

Assessment Criteria: Correctness of Main Features of the Exercise

Errors in the main features of an exercise (turns, focus) are considered major errors and should be penalized. An error is considered a minor error, however, if it occurs in the connecting steps (i.e. crosscuts). Stops are a conclusion to an exercise and an error in a stop should be considered a minor error.

The following should not be considered as incorrect steps:

    • Interchanging of open strokes, crosscuts, cross steps and cross rolls.
    • Foot placement in mohawks and choctaws.
    • Wide stepping or pushing in any weight transfer steps.

Musicality/Pacing

Assessment Criteria: Development of Feeling of Rhythm (as opposed to the Designated Timing)

The Designated Timing on the diagrams usually indicates the simplest or most musical interpretation.

Musicality refers to the use of the (measures of) music (musical count) to execute a step or group of steps. Awareness of count 1 or the start of the measure (usually the strong beat) should be evident in order to develop a feeling of rhythm. Many steps or groups of steps are designated one or more measures of music.

Pacing refers to the allotted length of time in beats for a step or group of steps. The turn or change of edge may occur on any beat within this time frame.

Example: Turn with a designated timing of 2+2
This indicates the turn occurs on count 3.
Pacing allows the turn to occur on any beat within the 4 beat time frame
(i.e. count 1, 2, 3, or 4) but does require that the entire turn is only allowed 4 beats.

Although for some exercises specific beats per step have been indicated, please note that the pacing of the exercise may dictate that the timing of each step may not be exactly as described.

Assessment Criteria:  Carriage

Posture implies a higher and more extended line of the free leg and arms (shoulder level as opposed to waist) than was normally displayed in the execution of compulsory figures. The position of the head is more upright and the bend in the skating hip, knee and ankle is greater in order to maintain balance at faster speeds. A low, rigid compulsory figure presentation is not the goal.

Note: The Focus highlights the criteria that are most prominent for the exercise. The focus is clearly indicated on all test sheets and diagrams as a master guideline for evaluators.

Comparison of Skating Skills with Compulsory Figures & Pattern Dance 

The following chart offers a comparative overview of the key components found in Skating Skills and their relationship to compulsory figures and pattern dances.

Component Skating Skills Compulsory Figures Pattern Dances
Speed
(Power & Flow)
Varies
(often within an exercise)
Slow Medium to fast
(no variance within a dance)
Posture  Head up
Free leg varies - often extended
Arms high and extended
Upper body position: forward and/or upright
Head down
Free leg and arms - low & close
Upper body position: upright 
Head up
Free leg extended - arms high and extended (solo skating)
Upper body position: upright 
Solo/partner  Solo Solo Partner (solo in 3 dances)
Number of steps  From 133 (Preliminary) to 229 (Gold) From 12 (1st test) to 24 (8th test)  From 44 (Preliminary) to 95 (Gold)
Number of sequences  1 sequence 3 repetitions (2 for paragraph figures) Varies from 1-4 sequences (for tests)
Music  Musicality/pacing No music but sense of "rhythm" Strict timing
Lobes Vary from flat to shallow to deep within an exercise Symmetrical Vary in size & depth within each dance
Foot placement Freedom allowed Symmetrical Neat & defined

Passing Requirements

Each exercise is assessed with one checkmark and the candidate must obtain Satisfactory or better for all 3 exercises. 

Assessment/Test Procedures 

  1. Conduct of Skating Skills Tests/Assessments
    Three exercises are skated in all Skating Skills tests.
    One candidate shall skate all three exercises before the testing of another candidate begins.
  2. Stops and Falls 
    In Skating Skills exercises and compulsory dances the skater shall continue from the nearest technically practicable point and not necessarily from the exact point of interruption.
  3. Interference 
    The same policies and procedures regarding interference with a performance (music, equipment, etc.) apply to Skating Skills tests.
  4. Reskates 
    At the request of the evaluator, one exercise may be reskated if necessary to pass.

Senior Bronze Standards and Diagrams

Forward Brackets 

Opening Steps: 0
1st Side:

Two repetitions of:
1 LFO Bracket (6 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RFO Bracket (6 beats)
1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (2 beats)

1st End:

1 LFO/RFI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 LFO/RBO Mohawk (2 beats)
1 XF-Hip Twist (4 beats)
1 XF-LBI Edge (2 beats)
1 RFI/LBI Mohawk (2 beats)
1 Hip Twist (4 beats)
1 XF-RBI Edge (2 beats)
1 LFO Arabesque (4 beats)

2nd Side:

Two repetitions of:
1 RFI Bracket (6 beats)
1 XF-LBI Edge (1 beat)
1 RFO Edge (1 beat)
1 LFI Bracket (6 beats)
1 XF-RBI Edge (1 beat)
1 LFO Edge (1 beat)

2nd End:

1 RFI/LBI Mohawk (2 beats)
1 RBO Three Turn/Mohawk (4 beats)
1 RBO Edge (2 beats)
1 LBO Three Turn/Mohawk (4 beats)
1 LBO/RFI Choctaw (2 beats)

Concluding Steps:

1 LFO/RFI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 LFI Arabesque (4 beats)
1 LFI One-Foot Side Stop (right toe behind) (2 beats)

 

 

 

Power Circles II 
(lengthwise)

Each circle has 7 crosscuts:

1 Long (8 beats)
2 Medium (4 beats each)
4 Short (2 beats each)

Crosscut Order is:

1st Circle: LFO/RFI
2nd Circle: LBO/RBI
3rd Circle: RBO/LBI
4th Circle: RFO/LFI

Transition Steps (4 beats each) are:

1st to 2nd Circle: LFO/RBI Choctaw
2nd to 3rd Circle: LBOI Change of Edge
3rd to 4th Circle: RBO/LFI Choctaw

Skater must demonstrate:

Note:

 

 

 

 

Expanding Exercise 

Opening Steps: 2 [1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (4 beats)]

Opening Circle:

1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 RFO Sustained Edge (8 beats)
Free leg behind – 4 counts
Free leg in front – 4 counts

Transition:

1 XF-LFI Edge (2 beats)
1 RFOI Change of Edge/Bracket (6 beats)

2nd Circle:

1 RBO Pivot (2 beats)
2 LFO/RFI Crosscuts (8 beats)
1 LFO Sustained Edge (8 beats)
Free leg behind – 4 counts
Free leg in front – 4 counts

Transition:

1 XF-RFI Edge (2 beats)
1 LFOI Change of Edge/Bracket (6 beats)

3rd Circle + Concluding Steps

1 LBO Pivot (12 beats)
1 RF Straight Step (4 beats)
1 LFO T-Stop (4 beats)

Skater must demonstrate:

Note:

 

Junior Silver Standards and Diagrams

Multi Turns and Power Threes 

Opening Steps: 5

3 Forward steps (2 beats each)
1 Forward Crosscut (2 beats)

1st Side:

1 LFO Edge (1 beat)
1 XB-RFI/LBO Choctaw (3 beats)
1 XF-RBI Edge (1 beat)
1 Hip Twist (3 beats)
1 LFO/RBO Mohawk/Change of Edge/Three
Turn/Bracket (6 beats)
1 LBI Edge (2 beats)
1 RFO Three Turn (2 beats)

Note:

1st End:

1 LBI Lunge (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RBI Lunge (2 beats)
1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 LBI Lunge (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (4 beats)

2nd Side:

1 RFO Edge (1 beat)
1 XB-LFI/RBO Choctaw (3 beats)
1 XF- LBI Edge (1 beat)
1 Hip Twist (3 beats)
1 RFO/LBO Mohawk/Change of Edge/Three
Turn/Bracket (6 beats)
1 RBI Edge (2 beats)

2nd End:

2 LFO/RFI Crosscuts (2 beats each)
1 LFI Edge (2 beats)
1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RFI Edge (2 beats)
1 LFO/RFI Crosscut (8 beats)

3rd Side:

Two or three repetitions of:
1 LFO Three Turn (2 beats)
1 RBI Lunge (2 beats)
1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 LFO Three Turn (2 beats)

3rd End:

1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RBI Lunge (2 beats)
1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 LBO Lunge (2 beats)

4th Side

1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)
Two or three repetitions of :
1 RFO Three Turn (2 beats)
1 LBI Lunge (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)

End + Concluding Steps:

1 RFO Three Turn (2 beats)
1 LBI Lunge (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RBO Edge (2 beats)
1 LFO Edge (4 beats)
1 RFI Side Stop (2 beats)

Note:

 

 

Snakes and Ladders 

Opening Steps: 0

1st Side:

1 LFO Loop (6 beats)
1 RFO Loop (6 beats)
1 LFOIOI Change of Edge (6 beats)
1 RFI Loop (6 beats)
1 LFI Loop (6 beats)
1 RFIOIO Change of Edge/Three Turn (8 beats)
1 LBI Loop (6 beats)
1 RBI Loop (6 beats)
1 LBIOIO Change of Edge (8 beats)
1 RBO Loop (6 beats)
1 LBO Loop (6 beats)

1st End:

1 RBO Edge (2 beats)
8 One Beat Backward Outside Edges
1 LFO/RFI Crosscut (2 beats)

2nd Side:

1 LFO Spiral/Toe Push/LFI Spiral (8 beats)
1 RFI Spiral/ToePush/RFO Spiral/Change of Edge (9 beats – free leg in front on last count)
3 One Beat Forward Inside Edges (free leg in front)
1 RFI Three Turn (4 beats)

2nd End:

3 LBI Three Turns/LFO Brackets (8 beats)
3 RBI Three Turns/RFO Brackets (8 beats)

Concluding Steps:

1 LFO/RFI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 LF Arabesque (4 beats)
1 RF Arabesque (4 beats)
1 LFI Side Stop (4 beats)

Note:

 

 

 Flying Choctaws 

Opening Steps: 5 [2 Forward Steps (2 beats each) + 1 RFO Three Turn (2 beats) + 1 LBO/RBI
Crosscut (2 beats)]

1st Side:

Three repetitions of:
1 LFO/RFI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 LFO Edge (1 beat)
1 XF-RFI/LBO Choctaw (2 beats)
1 XF-RBI Edge (1 beat)
1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (2 beats)

1st End:

1 LFI/RBO Choctaw (2 beats)
1 XF-LBI Edge (1 beat)
1 RFI Edge (1 beat)
1 LFI/RBI Mohawk (2 beats)
1 LBO Edge (2 beats)

2nd Side:

Two repetitions of:
1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RFO Edge (1 beat)
1 XF-LFI/RBO Choctaw (2 beats)
1 XF-LBI Edge (1 beat)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)

Third repetition:
1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RFO Edge (1 beat)
1 XF-LFI/RBO Choctaw (2 beats)
1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (2 beats)

2nd End:

1 RFO/LBO Mohawk (2 beats)
1 XF-RBI Edge (1 beat)
1 LFI Edge (1 beat)
1 RFO/LBO Mohawk (2 beats)
1 XF-RBI Edge (1 beat)
1 LFI Edge (1 beat)

Concluding Step:

1 RFI Three Turn to a T-Stop (8 beats)

 

 

Senior Silver Standards & Diagrams

 

Rockers and Choctaws 

Opening Step: 5 [ 3 Forward outside edges (2 beats each) + 1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (2 beats)]

1st Side:

1 RFO Rocker (6 beats)
1 XF-LBI Edge (2 beats)
1 RBO Rocker (6 beats)
1 XF-LFI Edge (1 beat)
1 RFO Edge (1 beat)
1 XF-LFI Rocker (6 beats)
1 RBO Edge (2 beats)
1 XF-LBI Rocker (6 beats)

1st End:

1 RFO Three Turn (2 beats)
1 LBOIO Change of Edge (3 beats)
(Closed Choctaw)
1 RFI Edge (1 beat)
(Open Choctaw)
1 LBOIO Change of Edge (3 beats)
(Closed Choctaw)
2 RFI/LBO Choctaws (open) (2 beats each)
1 XF-RBI Edge (1 beat)
1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (4 beats)

2nd Side:

1 LBO Rocker (6 beats)
1 XF-RFI Edge (2 beats)
1 LFO Rocker (6 beats)
1 XF-RBI Edge (1 beat)
1 LBO Edge (1 beat)
1 XF-RBI Rocker (6 beats)
1 LFO Edge (2 beats)
1 XF-Rocker (6 beats)
1 LBO Edge (2 beats)

2nd End:

1 RFO Three Turn/Change of Edge (3 beats)
(Closed Choctaw)
1 LFI Edge (1 beat)
(Open Choctaw)
1 RBOIO Change of Edge (3 beats)
(Closed Choctaw)
2 LFI/RBO Choctaws (open) (2 beats each)
(Closed Choctaw)
1 XF-LBI Edge (1 beat)

Concluding Steps:

1 RFO Three Turn (2 beats)
1 LBI Lunge (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RBI Lunge/Side Stop (6 beats)

 

 

Multi Circle Threes and Brackets 

Opening Steps: 4 (2 beats each)

1st Circle:

1 CR-RFOI Change of Edge/Mohawk (4 beats)
1 RBO Three Turn (2 beats)
1 LFO Three Turn (2 beats)
1 RBO Edge (2 beats)
1 XF-LBI Three Turn (2 beats)
1 RFI Three Turn (2 beats)
1 XF-LBI Edge (2 beats)
1 RFI Rocker (4 beats)

2nd Circle:

1 LBO Edge (2 beats)
1 XF-RBI Three Turn (2 beats)
1 LFI Three Turn (2 beats)
1 XF-RBI Edge (2 beats)
1 LBO Three Turn (2 beats)
1 RFO Three Turn (2 beats)
2 LBO/RBI Crosscuts (2 beats each)
1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 RBI Toe-Hop Counter (“and”)

Transition:

1 RFI Three Turn (2 beats)
1 LFO Three Turn (2 beats)
2 RBO/LBI Crosscuts (2 beats each)
1 RBO/LBIO Crosscut/Change of Edge (4 beats)

3rd Circle:

1 XF-RBI Edge (2 beats)
1 LBO Bracket (4 beats)
1 RFO Bracket (2 beats)
1 LBO Edge (2 beats)
1 XF-RBI Bracket (2 beats)
1 LFI Bracket (2 beats)
1 XF-RBI Edge (2 beats)
1 LFI Rocker (4 beats)

4th Circle:

1 RBO Edge (2 beats)
1 XF-LBI Bracket (2 beats)
1 RFI Bracket (2 beats)
1 XF-LBI Edge (2 beats)
1 RBO Bracket (2 beats)
1 LFO Bracket (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 LBI Toe-Hop Counter (“and”)
1 LFI Three Turn (2 beats)

Concluding Steps:

1 RFO Three Turn (2 beats)
1 LBI Lunge (push wide) (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RBI Lunge (push wide) (2 beats)
1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 LBI Lunge Side Stop (6 beats)

Note:

 

 

Expanding Exercise 

Opening Steps: 2 [1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (4 beats)]

Opening Circle:

1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 RFOIO Change of Edge (6 beats)
1 XF-LFI Edge (2 beats)

Transition:

1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 RFO Rocker/Bracket/Three Turn (12 beats)

2nd Circle:

1 RBO Pivot (8 beats)

Change of Edge Section:

1 RFIOI – Stop – RBIOI Counter (14 beats)
1 LFOIO – Stop – LBOIO Counter (14 beats)
1 XF-RFI Edge (4 beats)

Steps for 3rd and 4th circles are the same as for the first two circles but are executed on the opposite foot.

Concluding Steps:

1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 RFO Edge (2 beats)
1 LFI Three Turn to a T-Stop (4 beats)

 

Gold Standards & Diagrams

Counters and Three change Threes 

Opening Steps: 5 [3 Forward outside edges (2 beats each) + 1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (2 beats)]

1st Side:

1 RFO Counter Turn (6 beats)
1 XF-LBI Edge (2 beats)
1 RBO Counter Turn (6 beats)
1 XF-LFI Edge (1 beat)
1 RFO Edge (1 beat)
1 XF- LFI Counter Turn (6 beats)
1 RBO Edge (2 beats)
1 XF-LBI Counter Turn (6 beats)
1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (2 beats)

1st End:

2 Forward Three-Change-Backward Three Turns
(Outside followed by Inside) (8 beats each)
1 XF-RFI Edge (2 beats)
2 Forward Three-Change-Backward Three Turns
(Outside followed by Inside) (8 beats each)
1 LFI/RBI Mohawk (2 beats)

2nd Side:

1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 LBO Counter Turn (6 beats)
1 XF-RFI Edge (2 beats)
1 LFO Counter Turn (6 beats)
1 XF-RBI Edge (1 beat)
1 LBO Edge (1 beat)
1 XF-RBI Counter Turn (6 beats)
1 LFO Edge (2 beats)
1 XF-RFI Counter Turn (6 beats)

2nd End:

1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (2 beats)
2 Backward Three-Change-Forward Three Turns
(Outside followed by Inside) (8 beats each)
1 XF-LBI Edge (2 beats)
2 Backward Three-Change-Forward Three Turns
(Outside followed by Inside) (8 beats each).

Concluding Steps:

1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RF Arabesque (2 beats)
1 LFI Tuck (8 beats)
1 RF Edge (2 beats)
1 LF Arabesque (2 beats)
1 RFI Tuck (8 beats)
1 LFI Edge to a LFI Side Stop (CW) (4 beats)

 

Multi Circle Double Threes and Mohawks 

Opening Steps: 2 (2 beats each)

Transition:

1 RFO Edge (2 beats)
3 LFO/RFI Crosscuts (2 beats each)
1 LFO Edge (4 beats)

Circles #1 & #2:

1 Forward Outside Double Three (4 beats)
1 Forward Inside Double Three (4 beats)
1 Forward Outside Three Turn (2 beats)
1 Backward Crosscut (2 beats)
1 Backward Outside Double Three (4 beats)
1 Backward Inside Double Three (4 beats)
2 Backward Crosscut (2 beats each)
1 Backward Outside Choctaw (4 beats)

Circle #3:

1 RFO Three Turn (2 beats)
1 LBI Edge (2 beats)
3 RBO/LBI Crosscuts (2 beats each)
1 RFI Edge (2 beats)
3 LFO/RFI Crosscuts (2 beats each)
1 Hop to Backward CW (“and”)
1 LBI Edge (free leg in front) (2 beats)
1 Backward Crosscut (4 beats)
2 RBO/LBI Crosscuts (2 beats each)
1 RFO Edge (4 beats)

Circle #4:

4 Forward Inside Mohawks followed by short (popped) three turns (also described as popped backward mohawks) (2 beats each)

Transition between Circles #4 & #5:

1 LFI Mohawk (2 beats)
1 LBI Lunge (push wide) (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut into popped Three Turn (2 beats)

Circle #5 + Concluding Steps:

3 Forward Inside Mohawks followed by a short (popped) three turn (also described as popped
backward mohawks) (2 beats each)
1 RFI/LBI Mohawk (2 beats)
1 RBO Edge (1 beat)
1 LBO Edge (1 beat)
1 XF-LFI Ina Bauer (6 beats – cross in front happens on first two counts, then Ina Bauer is sustained for 4 counts)
1 XF-RFI Ina Bauer (6 beats – cross in front happens on first two counts, then Ina Bauer is sustained for 4 counts)
1 XF-RBI Edge (2 beats)
1 LBO Edge into a LBO T Stop (right foot behind) (2 beats)

 

 

Expanding Exercise 

Opening Steps: 2 [1RFO/LFI Crosscut (4 beats)]

Opening Circle:

1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 RFOIO Change of Edge (6 beats)
1 XF-LFI Edge (2 beats)

Transition:

2 RFO Swing Rolls followed by a short swing behind push (4 beats each)

1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 RFO Counter/Three Turn/Bracket (12 beats)

2nd Circle:

1 RBO Pivot (8 beats)
1 RFO Pivot (4 beats)
1 RFI Rocker/Counter (4 beats)
1 LFO Rocker/Counter (4 beats)
1 XF-RFI Edge (2 beats)
1 LFO Edge (2 beats)

Transition and Three Jumps:

1 CR-RFO Three Turn (4 beats)
2 LBO-RBI Crosscuts (4 beats each)
3 Alternating LFO/RFO Three Jumps (4 beats each)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (4 beats)

Threes-Rocker-Loop Section:

1 Ina Bauer/RFI Travelling Turn/Spread Eagle (8 beats)
1 RFI Rocker/Loop (8 beats)

4th Circle:

2 LFO/RFI Crosscut (4 beats each)
3 LFO Travelling Turns (4 beats)
2 RBO Three Turn/Mohawk (4 beats)

Transition:

1 RBO Edge (2 beats)
1 LBO Edge (free leg behind) (2 beats)

5th Circle:

3 RFO Travelling Turns (4 beats)
2 LBO Three Turn/Mohawk (4 beats)
1 LBO/RFI Choctaw (8 beats)*
*replace with 1 RBO T stop (left foot behind) (8 beats) for ending.

Note:

 

 

Dance Patterns: (pdf Files)

Senior Bronze

Junior Silver

Senior Silver

Gold

Diamond (1)

Diamond (2)

Diamond (3)

 

Contemporary Dance Music Playlist

Dance BPM Actual Tune/Artist
Dutch Waltz 138 140

You and Me - Lifehouse

 

Dutch Waltz 138 138

I'll Be - Edwin McCain

Canasta Tango 104 100

El Capitalismo.... -  Gotan Project

Canasta Tango 104 105

Rolling in the Deep - Adele

Baby Blues 88 88

One Less Lonely Girl - Bieber

Baby Blues 88 88

The Lazy Song - Kidz bob Kidz

Swing 96 96

Put Your Records On - Corinne Bailey Rae

Swing 96 97

Single Ladies - Beyonce

Fiesta Tango 108 108

Una Musica Brutal - Gotan Project

Fiesta Tango 108 108

Set Fire to the Rain - Adele

Willow Waltz 138 140

You and Me - Lifehouse

Willow Waltz 138 138

I'll Be - Edwin McCain

Ten Fox 100 100

Beauty in the World - Macy Gray

Ten Fox 100 100

Quit Playing Games... - Backstreet Boys

Fourteen Step 112 110

Happy Feet - High Heels Mix

Fourteen Step 112 109

Hollaback Girl (clean) - Gwen Stefani

European Waltz 135 133

Kiss from a Rose - Seal

European Waltz 135 138

I'll Be - Edwin McCain

Foxtrot 100 100

Beauty in the World - Macy Gray

Foxtrot 100 100

Quit Playing Games...- Backstreet Boys

Rocker 104 104

Black Horse & the Cherry Tree - KT Tunstall

Rocker 104 104

Never See Your Face Again - Maroon 5

Tango 108 108

Set Fire to the Rain - Adele

Tango  108 111

Queremos Paz - Gotan Project

American Waltz 198 193

Fallin - Alicia Keys

American Waltz 198 193

La Valse d'Amelie (Orchestra) - Yann Tierson

Paso 112 112

Loca - Shakira

Killian 116 119

Wind it Up - Gwen Stefani

Starlight 174 170

Your Guardian Angel - Red Jumpsuit

Starlight 174 167

Only Hope - Mandy Moore

Blues 88 93

Girl on Fire - Alicia Keys

Blues 88 88

Miss Independant - Kelly Clarkson

Cha Cha Congelado 116 116

Dance with Me - Debelah Morgan

Cha Cha Congelado 116 116

Quando - Michael Buble

Argentine 96 96

Mariposa en Havana - Si Se

Argentine  96 99

Peligro - Gotan Project

Quickstep 112 110

Happy Feet - High Heels Mix

Quickstep 112 108

Don't Feel Like Dancing - Scissor Sisters

Viennese 156 156

Life After You - Daughtry

Viennese 156 158

Breakaway - Kelly Clarkson

Westminster 162 167

Only Hope - Mandy Moore

Westminster 162 162

Keep Holding On - Avril Lavigne

Silver Samba 108 108

Ella Tiene Fuego - Celia Cruz

Rhumba 176 170

Obsession (No es Amor) Remix - Frankie J

Austrian 180 180

Violente Valse - Caravan Palace

Ravensburger 198 193

Fallin - Alicia Keys

Ravensburger 198 193

La Valse d'Amelie (Orchestra) - Yann Tierson

Golden Waltz 186 186

What's New Pussycat? - Tom Jones

Tango Romantica 112 112

One, Two Step (feat Missy Elliott) - Ciara

Midnight Blues 88 93

Girl On Fire - Alicia Keys

Finnstep 104 108

Don't Feel Like Dancing - Scissor Sisters

Yankee Polka 120 119

Wind It Up - Gwen Stefani

 

STAR Test Sheets: (pdf Files)

 

Skating Skills

Sr. Bronze

Jr. Silver

Sr. Silver

Gold

 

Freeskate

Sr. Bronze Free Skate Elements

Sr. Bronze Free Skate Program

Jr. Silver Free Skate

Sr. Silver Free Skate

Gold Free Skate

 

Dance

Sr. Bronze Dances

Jr. Silver Dances

Sr. Silver Dances

Gold Dances

Diamond Dances

 

Interpretive

Interpretive Singles

Interpretive Couples