Terms used:

Beat

A note defining the regular recurring divisions of a piece of music.

Bracket

A turn executed on one foot from an outside edge to an inside edge or an inside edge to an outside edge, with the exit curve continuing on the same lobe as the entry curve. The skater turns in the direction opposite to the curve.

Brackets

A turn executed on one foot from an outside edge to an inside edge or an inside edge to an outside edge, with the exit curve continuing on the same lobe as the entry curve. The skater turns in the direction opposite to the curve.

Chair

The chair of the Board.

Change of Edge

The visible tracing of a skate on one foot that changes from one curve and edge to another curve and edge.

Choctaw

A turn from one foot to the other in which the curve of the exit edge is in the opposite direction to that of the entry edge. The change of foot is from outside edge to inside edge or inside edge to outside edge. In ice dance, unless otherwise specified in the dance description, the free foot is placed on the ice close to the skating foot. The entry and exit edge are of equal depth.

Choctaws

A turn from one foot to the other in which the curve of the exit edge is in the opposite direction to that of the entry edge. The change of foot is from outside edge to inside edge or inside edge to outside edge. In ice dance, unless otherwise specified in the dance description, the free foot is placed on the ice close to the skating foot. The entry and exit edge are of equal depth.

Closed Choctaw

A choctaw in which the instep of the free foot is held at the heel of the skating foot until the free foot is placed on the ice behind the heel of the skating foot. Following the weight transfer the immediate position of the new free foot is in front of the new skating foot (e.g. steps 12 and 13 of the Blues).

Counter

A turn executed on one foot from an outside edge to an outside edge or an inside edge to an inside edge, with the exit curve on a different lobe from the entry curve. The skater turns in the direction opposite to the entry curve (i.e. in the direction of the exit curve).

Counters

A turn executed on one foot from an outside edge to an outside edge or an inside edge to an inside edge, with the exit curve on a different lobe from the entry curve. The skater turns in the direction opposite to the entry curve (i.e. in the direction of the exit curve).

Cross Roll

A roll started with the action of the free foot approaching the skating foot from the side so as to strike the ice almost at right-angles to the skating foot, started forward with the feet crossed in front or backward with the feet crossed behind. The impetus is gained from the outside edge of the skating foot as it becomes the new skating foot. In this case, the change of lean to the curve in the opposite direction creates a “rolling movement”.

Crosscut

A step or sequence of steps (push + cross) in which the free foot crosses the skating foot completely before it is placed on the ice.

Drag

A movement in which a skater travels along the ice with one leg bent and the other leg directed behind with the boot/blade touching the ice

Edge

May refer either to part of the skate blade, or the visible tracing of a skate blade on one foot that is on one curve. An edge may be either inside (towards the body) or outside (away from the body), and forward or backward, for a total for four different edges. A "deep edge" is a deep lean on the edge of the skate. Deep edges are rewarded, while skating on a "flat" (on both edges at the same time) is discouraged.

Edges

May refer either to part of the skate blade, or the visible tracing of a skate blade on one foot that is on one curve. An edge may be either inside (towards the body) or outside (away from the body), and forward or backward, for a total for four different edges. A "deep edge" is a deep lean on the edge of the skate. Deep edges are rewarded, while skating on a "flat" (on both edges at the same time) is discouraged.

Evaluator

An individual sixteen years of age or older who is responsible for assessing tests in the STARSkate program.  Evaluators are qualified to assess tests at or below a specified level (effective September 1, 2017 the lowest test level assessed by evaluators is Senior Bronze) in one or more of the STARSkate program disciplines.

Evaluators

An individual sixteen years of age or older who is responsible for assessing tests in the STARSkate program.  Evaluators are qualified to assess tests at or below a specified level (effective September 1, 2017 the lowest test level assessed by evaluators is Senior Bronze) in one or more of the STARSkate program disciplines.

Features

Technical content that increases the difficulty of an element which may become part of the difficulty group of an element.  Features such as pivoting, traveling, body movements, etc. are determined annually and published in a Skate Canada and ISU Communication.

Flat

The visible double tracing of a skate that is straight (imprinted by the skater skating on one foot on both edges of the blade).

Hop

A small jump without revolution.

Ina Bauer

A two-footed movement in which the skater travels along the ice with one foot on a forward edge/tracing and the other on a matching backward edge on a different but parallel edge/tracing.

Interruption

The time elapsed between the moment a skater stops performing the program until the moment the skater resumes performing the program.

Lobes

A curve that is representative of a part of a circle. For example, edges and dance steps are done on lobes. In ice dance, a lobe is any sequence of steps on one side of the continuous axis that is approximately semi-circular in shape.

Loop

A one-foot movement where the skater skates an oval pattern using the same edge. The entry and exit of the loop must cross. The loop must be clean cut without scrapes or points

Loops

A one-foot movement where the skater skates an oval pattern using the same edge. The entry and exit of the loop must cross. The loop must be clean cut without scrapes or points

Measure

A unit of music which is defined by the periodic recurrence of the accent. Such units are of equal number of beats.

Mohawk

A turn from one foot to the other in which the entry and exit curves are continuous and of equal depth. The change of foot is from an outside edge to an outside edge or from and inside edge to an inside edge.

Mohawks

A turn from one foot to the other in which the entry and exit curves are continuous and of equal depth. The change of foot is from an outside edge to an outside edge or from and inside edge to an inside edge.

Open Choctaw

A choctaw in which the free foot is placed on the ice at the inner side of the skating foot. Following the weight transfer the immediate position of the new free foot is behind the heel of the new skating foot.

Pivot

A two-footed movement in which the toe picks of one foot are inserted into the ice by a skater as a central pivoting point while the other foot travels in a circular pattern around the pivot point.

Rhythm

The regularly repeated pattern of accented and unaccented beats which gives the music its character.

Rocker

A turn executed on one foot from an outside edge to an outside edge or an inside edge to an inside edge, with the exit curve on a different lobe from the entry curve. The skater turns in the direction of the entry curve. 

Rockers

A turn executed on one foot from an outside edge to an outside edge or an inside edge to an inside edge, with the exit curve on a different lobe from the entry curve. The skater turns in the direction of the entry curve. 

Roll

A short or long, forward or backward edge.

Section

As defined in Section 8.1 hereof [of the bylaws].

Sequence

The set order of the prescribed steps that compose one pattern (sequence) of a Pattern Dance.

Sequences

The set order of the prescribed steps that compose one pattern (sequence) of a Pattern Dance.

Spiral

A gliding position executed on one foot with free leg extended (including knee and foot) above hip level.

Spread Eagle

A curving, two-footed movement in which the skater skates with one foot on a forward edge and the other on a matching backward edge on the same curve (eg. outside and outside).

Step

The visible tracing on the ice that is executed on one foot. A step is counted each time there is a change of foot.

Steps

The visible tracing on the ice that is executed on one foot. A step is counted each time there is a change of foot.

Strong Beat

The first beat of the measure or group of two measures supporting the skating count of the rhythm.

Turn

A rotational movement in which the skater moves from forward to backward or backward to forward using one foot and on an edge and axis (e.g. Three-turn, Bracket). In a two-foot turn the rotational movement from forward to backward or backward to forward is from one foot to the other foot (e.g. Mohawk, Choctaw).

Turns

A rotational movement in which the skater moves from forward to backward or backward to forward using one foot and on an edge and axis (e.g. Three-turn, Bracket). In a two-foot turn the rotational movement from forward to backward or backward to forward is from one foot to the other foot (e.g. Mohawk, Choctaw).

STARSkate Program Delivery Standards

STARSkate Program On-Ice Delivery

  • Minimum one Skate Canada professional coach teaching on the ice (may be assisted by experienced/trained Program Assistants)
  • Provide stroking, free skating, skating skills and dance instruction (synchronized skating is optional) on a regular basis  Skaters are encouraged to choose group lessons, private lessons or both formats to enhance their skill development
  • 90% continuous movement - limited waiting to take turns to practice skills
  • Use entire ice surface throughout session to promote speed  Evidence of sufficient progress of skaters from one level to the next (skaters should not be held back)
  • Use circuits and stations to teach and practice skills
  • Use variety of age-appropriate activities and teaching methods  Use age-appropriate music and teaching aids
  • Use Skate Canada STARSkate Program awards and incentives (e.g. STARSkate badges, badge chart, STARSkate stickers, tattoos, , My Skating Progress Journal, etc.) or other incentives such as stickers, stamps, etc.
  • Award STARSkate badges the same day the skills are mastered
  • Issue standard on-ice safety rules to skaters

Group Lesson Format

  • Skaters receive lessons in small group format from a professional coach who may be assisted by qualified program assistants
  • Group lesson format for Primary, Intermediate and Senior levels, based on a 60-minute session, consists of:
    • 30-minute lesson with professional coach (10 min. free skate, 10 min. of skating skills alternated with or in addition to stroking, 10 min. dance)
    • 30-minute individual practice time
  • Recommended frequency of program:
    • Primary, Intermediate level = minimum 2 times/week
    • Senior level = minimum 3-4 times/week
  • Maximum 1:10 coach/program assistant to skater ratio (1:6 is better)
  • Maximum of 20-30 skaters on the ice, depending on number of Skate Canada coaches available (i.e. maximum 10 skaters in a group, each receiving 30 minutes instruction)

Private Lesson Format

Skaters receive individual private lessons from a professional coach during sessions based on the following test levels*:

STAR 1-5 level please refer to the STAR 1-5 Resource Toolkit

Senior Bronze - Gold

  • 15 min Stroking
  • 45 min Freeksate (X2)
  • 30 min Dance
  • 30 min Edge/Turn (Skills)
  • 2 ¾ hours Total Time
  • 3-4 times/week

Note: Competitive skaters may increase frequency 1-2 times more per week. Competitive skaters opting to specialize in dance may switch the time allotted for free skating with more dance session time.

  • STAR 1-5   25 skaters
  • STAR 6-Gold  25 skaters

Note: these numbers are guidelines and may be increased 

STARSkate Program Off-Ice Delivery

  • Register participants as STARSkate skaters with Skate Canada
  • Use STARSkate name in all recreational and test-level figure skating program titles
  • Use STARSkate logo on all related written materials, web site, etc.
  • Be flexible - no age/rigid pre-requisites to register for this program
  • Maintain records of skaters’ progress using STARSkate Program tools -- test summary sheets, individual skater’s record
  • Keep small supplies inventory, including STARSkate program incentives (see Skate Canada catalogue), teaching aids
  • Have STARSkate badges readily available; track distribution
  • Use STARSkate Program resource materials – STARSkate Delivery Guide, Test Chair Handbook, Skating Skills Standards Manual/video set, NCCP Technical manuals, videos etc.

Skating Skills Senior Bronze - Gold

The following guidelines have been developed to provide a general overview of the expected performance level for the Skating Skills tests. Standards have been developed for each exercise to outline the specific points to look for in the exercise.

Skating Skills music as well as the Skating Skills Technical video may be purchased through the Skate Canada order department.

Definition & Description of a Skating Skills Exercise

A Skating Skills exercise is a combination of fundamental skating movements, executed on a pattern and skated solo to prescribed music.

The movements are derived from compulsory figures, free skating and ice dancing.

Each exercise is unique and focuses on various technical abilities, in a logical progression from Preliminary through to Gold.

Criteria for Assessment 

The criteria for overall assessment of each exercise are as follows:

Edge Quality

Assessment Criteria: Accuracy and Depth of Edge

    • Characterized by a stable arc without sub-curves or wobbles.
    • Accuracy of the edge and depth (degree of lean) are the assessment components of edge quality.

      Note: There is great variance in the depth of edge for the steps and lobes.

Ice Coverage

Assessment Criteria: Power and Flow

    • Power is the creation of speed.
    • Flow is the maintenance of speed.
    • Power and flow are the assessment components of ice coverage.
    • Placement (pattern) will vary according to the size of the rink and the size/strength of the skater.
    • Power from the blade (rather than the toe) is required (except where noted otherwise).
      This should be evident in at least 75% of the pushes in each exercise.

Ease of Motion

Assessment Criteria: Balance, Control, Agility and Flexibility

    • Balance on the blade; control of the body
    • Balance and control create stability.
    • Agility or quickness refers to the rapid and precise execution of turns, changes of edge and transitions (i.e. weight transfer from one foot to the other)
    • Flexibility refers to the range of motion in the joints (shoulder, hip and ankle).

      Note:
      Some skaters may be limited in their flexibility (hip turn-out) due to their body build. Steps such as the continuous choctaws, Ina Bauers and spread eagles required in Senior Silver Rockers and Choctaws, Gold Multi-Circle Double Threes and Mohawks and Gold Expanding Exercise may be difficult for some skaters to execute well. Therefore, weak edge quality, shortened or unbalanced movements in these particular skills should not prevent skaters from passing provided that the other requirements meet the standards.

Correctness of Steps

Assessment Criteria: Correctness of Main Features of the Exercise

Errors in the main features of an exercise (turns, focus) are considered major errors and should be penalized. An error is considered a minor error, however, if it occurs in the connecting steps (i.e. crosscuts). Stops are a conclusion to an exercise and an error in a stop should be considered a minor error.

The following should not be considered as incorrect steps:

    • Interchanging of open strokes, crosscuts, cross steps and cross rolls.
    • Foot placement in mohawks and choctaws.
    • Wide stepping or pushing in any weight transfer steps.

Musicality/Pacing

Assessment Criteria: Development of Feeling of Rhythm (as opposed to the Designated Timing)

The Designated Timing on the diagrams usually indicates the simplest or most musical interpretation.

Musicality refers to the use of the (measures of) music (musical count) to execute a step or group of steps. Awareness of count 1 or the start of the measure (usually the strong beat) should be evident in order to develop a feeling of rhythm. Many steps or groups of steps are designated one or more measures of music.

Pacing refers to the allotted length of time in beats for a step or group of steps. The turn or change of edge may occur on any beat within this time frame.

Example: Turn with a designated timing of 2+2
This indicates the turn occurs on count 3.
Pacing allows the turn to occur on any beat within the 4 beat time frame
(i.e. count 1, 2, 3, or 4) but does require that the entire turn is only allowed 4 beats.

Although for some exercises specific beats per step have been indicated, please note that the pacing of the exercise may dictate that the timing of each step may not be exactly as described.

Assessment Criteria:  Carriage

Posture implies a higher and more extended line of the free leg and arms (shoulder level as opposed to waist) than was normally displayed in the execution of compulsory figures. The position of the head is more upright and the bend in the skating hip, knee and ankle is greater in order to maintain balance at faster speeds. A low, rigid compulsory figure presentation is not the goal.

Note: The Focus highlights the criteria that are most prominent for the exercise. The focus is clearly indicated on all test sheets and diagrams as a master guideline for evaluators.

Comparison of Skating Skills with Compulsory Figures & Pattern Dance 

The following chart offers a comparative overview of the key components found in Skating Skills and their relationship to compulsory figures and pattern dances.

Component Skating Skills Compulsory Figures Pattern Dances
Speed
(Power & Flow)
Varies
(often within an exercise)
Slow Medium to fast
(no variance within a dance)
Posture  Head up
Free leg varies - often extended
Arms high and extended
Upper body position: forward and/or upright
Head down
Free leg and arms - low & close
Upper body position: upright 
Head up
Free leg extended - arms high and extended (solo skating)
Upper body position: upright 
Solo/partner  Solo Solo Partner (solo in 3 dances)
Number of steps  From 133 (Preliminary) to 229 (Gold) From 12 (1st test) to 24 (8th test)  From 44 (Preliminary) to 95 (Gold)
Number of sequences  1 sequence 3 repetitions (2 for paragraph figures) Varies from 1-4 sequences (for tests)
Music  Musicality/pacing No music but sense of "rhythm" Strict timing
Lobes Vary from flat to shallow to deep within an exercise Symmetrical Vary in size & depth within each dance
Foot placement Freedom allowed Symmetrical Neat & defined

Passing Requirements

Each exercise is assessed with one checkmark and the candidate must obtain Satisfactory or better for all 3 exercises. 

Assessment/Test Procedures 

  1. Conduct of Skating Skills Tests/Assessments
    Three exercises are skated in all Skating Skills tests.
    One candidate shall skate all three exercises before the testing of another candidate begins.
  2. Stops and Falls 
    In Skating Skills exercises and compulsory dances the skater shall continue from the nearest technically practicable point and not necessarily from the exact point of interruption.
  3. Interference 
    The same policies and procedures regarding interference with a performance (music, equipment, etc.) apply to Skating Skills tests.
  4. Reskates 
    At the request of the evaluator, one exercise may be reskated if necessary to pass.

Senior Bronze Standards and Diagrams

Forward Brackets 

Opening Steps: 0
1st Side:

Two repetitions of:
1 LFO Bracket (6 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RFO Bracket (6 beats)
1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (2 beats)

  • Accurate edges are required in 3 of the 4 bracket turns.
  • Entry and exit of the brackets may be quite shallow.
  • Assess musicality on the basis of two measures of music for each bracket + crosscut.
  • This section utilizes 8 measures of music.

1st End:

1 LFO/RFI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 LFO/RBO Mohawk (2 beats)
1 XF-Hip Twist (4 beats)
1 XF-LBI Edge (2 beats)
1 RFI/LBI Mohawk (2 beats)
1 Hip Twist (4 beats)
1 XF-RBI Edge (2 beats)
1 LFO Arabesque (4 beats)

  • This section utilizes 4 measures of music and the pattern may be quite shallow.
  • Assess on the basis of flow and agility.

2nd Side:

Two repetitions of:
1 RFI Bracket (6 beats)
1 XF-LBI Edge (1 beat)
1 RFO Edge (1 beat)
1 LFI Bracket (6 beats)
1 XF-RBI Edge (1 beat)
1 LFO Edge (1 beat)

  • Accurate edges are required in 3 of the 4 bracket turns.
  • Entry and exit of brackets may be quite shallow.
  • This section utilizes 8 measures of music.

2nd End:

1 RFI/LBI Mohawk (2 beats)
1 RBO Three Turn/Mohawk (4 beats)
1 RBO Edge (2 beats)
1 LBO Three Turn/Mohawk (4 beats)
1 LBO/RFI Choctaw (2 beats)

  • Assess on the basis of power and strong lobes.

Concluding Steps:

1 LFO/RFI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 LFI Arabesque (4 beats)
1 LFI One-Foot Side Stop (right toe behind) (2 beats)

  • Strong forward inside edge must be demonstrated.

 

 

 

Power Circles II 
(lengthwise)

Each circle has 7 crosscuts:

1 Long (8 beats)
2 Medium (4 beats each)
4 Short (2 beats each)

Crosscut Order is:

1st Circle: LFO/RFI
2nd Circle: LBO/RBI
3rd Circle: RBO/LBI
4th Circle: RFO/LFI

Transition Steps (4 beats each) are:

1st to 2nd Circle: LFO/RBI Choctaw
2nd to 3rd Circle: LBOI Change of Edge
3rd to 4th Circle: RBO/LFI Choctaw

Skater must demonstrate:

  • Power from the blade
  • Good posture
  • Accurate pacing
  • Edge quality in transition steps is of secondary importance to crosscut technique.

Note:

  • Steps are identical to Power Circles I.
  • Pattern is skated lengthwise in the rink.
  • Circles must be approximately 40 feet (12.2 metres) in diameter.
  • Hockey circle may not be used.

 

 

 

 

Expanding Exercise 

Opening Steps: 2 [1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (4 beats)]

Opening Circle:

1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 RFO Sustained Edge (8 beats)
Free leg behind – 4 counts
Free leg in front – 4 counts

Transition:

1 XF-LFI Edge (2 beats)
1 RFOI Change of Edge/Bracket (6 beats)

2nd Circle:

1 RBO Pivot (2 beats)
2 LFO/RFI Crosscuts (8 beats)
1 LFO Sustained Edge (8 beats)
Free leg behind – 4 counts
Free leg in front – 4 counts

Transition:

1 XF-RFI Edge (2 beats)
1 LFOI Change of Edge/Bracket (6 beats)

3rd Circle + Concluding Steps

1 LBO Pivot (12 beats)
1 RF Straight Step (4 beats)
1 LFO T-Stop (4 beats)

Skater must demonstrate:

  • Power from the blade
  • Edge quality and extension in the sustained edge
  • Edge control of the bracket and pivot (approximately one revolution)
  • Musicality – Accurate use of the measures of music, particularly the main features:
    • Sustained edge – 2 measures
    • Transition – 2 measures
    • Pivot – 2 measures

Note:

  • Opening circle is approximately 30 feet (9 metres) in diameter
  • Utilization of the full ice surface for the entire exercise
  • The pivot must be started without the free toe dragging behind. However, the toe may drag after approximately 4 beats into the pivot with the weight being placed onto the toe foot just before the transfer of weight onto the next forward step. The motion from the pivot into the start of the left side should be continuous.

 

Junior Silver Standards and Diagrams

Multi Turns and Power Threes 

Opening Steps: 5

3 Forward steps (2 beats each)
1 Forward Crosscut (2 beats)

1st Side:

1 LFO Edge (1 beat)
1 XB-RFI/LBO Choctaw (3 beats)
1 XF-RBI Edge (1 beat)
1 Hip Twist (3 beats)
1 LFO/RBO Mohawk/Change of Edge/Three
Turn/Bracket (6 beats)
1 LBI Edge (2 beats)
1 RFO Three Turn (2 beats)

  • This section utilizes 5 measures of music.
  • Strong edges are required in the choctaw and the following cross step.
  • The hip twist and mohawk are skated in a straight line.
  • Strong edges are again required in the change of edge followed by a straight line pattern for the three turn/bracket.

Note:

  • The side sections are difficult for the skater to establish edge quality, balance and musicality. The first two are priorities.
  • Musicality is satisfactory as long as the pacing is maintained (i.e. 5 measures of music).

1st End:

1 LBI Lunge (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RBI Lunge (2 beats)
1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 LBI Lunge (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (4 beats)

  • Assess power from the blade and a strong lean on the backward inside edges.
  • Free foot is on the ice during lunges.

2nd Side:

1 RFO Edge (1 beat)
1 XB-LFI/RBO Choctaw (3 beats)
1 XF- LBI Edge (1 beat)
1 Hip Twist (3 beats)
1 RFO/LBO Mohawk/Change of Edge/Three
Turn/Bracket (6 beats)
1 RBI Edge (2 beats)

  • This section utilizes 4 measures of music.
  • See 1st side comments and note.

2nd End:

2 LFO/RFI Crosscuts (2 beats each)
1 LFI Edge (2 beats)
1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RFI Edge (2 beats)
1 LFO/RFI Crosscut (8 beats)

  • Assess power from the blade and the lean on the forward inside edges.

3rd Side:

Two or three repetitions of:
1 LFO Three Turn (2 beats)
1 RBI Lunge (2 beats)
1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 LFO Three Turn (2 beats)

  • Assess power from the blade and a strong lean on the inside edges.

3rd End:

1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RBI Lunge (2 beats)
1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 LBO Lunge (2 beats)

  • Assess on the basis of edges and pacing.

4th Side

1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)
Two or three repetitions of :
1 RFO Three Turn (2 beats)
1 LBI Lunge (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)

  • Assess power from the blade and the lean on inside edges.

End + Concluding Steps:

1 RFO Three Turn (2 beats)
1 LBI Lunge (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RBO Edge (2 beats)
1 LFO Edge (4 beats)
1 RFI Side Stop (2 beats)

  • Power and balance are required.

Note:

  • Variations of speed should be evident as the first two sides will be executed with less power than the last two sides.

 

 

Snakes and Ladders 

Opening Steps: 0

1st Side:

1 LFO Loop (6 beats)
1 RFO Loop (6 beats)
1 LFOIOI Change of Edge (6 beats)
1 RFI Loop (6 beats)
1 LFI Loop (6 beats)
1 RFIOIO Change of Edge/Three Turn (8 beats)
1 LBI Loop (6 beats)
1 RBI Loop (6 beats)
1 LBIOIO Change of Edge (8 beats)
1 RBO Loop (6 beats)
1 LBO Loop (6 beats)

  • Assess on the basis of:
  • Strong edges in the changes of edge.
  • Flow in the loops (errors in 2 of the 8 loops are acceptable).
  • Musicality and pacing in relation to the measures of music (i.e. 2 measures for a change of edge step and 3 measures for 2 consecutive loops).

1st End:

1 RBO Edge (2 beats)
8 One Beat Backward Outside Edges
1 LFO/RFI Crosscut (2 beats)

  • Any type of transition steps between the BO edges is acceptable (i.e. cross roll, cross step).
  • Assess on the basis of edges and pacing (i.e. one beat per step in the 8 step series).

2nd Side:

1 LFO Spiral/Toe Push/LFI Spiral (8 beats)
1 RFI Spiral/ToePush/RFO Spiral/Change of Edge (9 beats – free leg in front on last count)
3 One Beat Forward Inside Edges (free leg in front)
1 RFI Three Turn (4 beats)

  • Strong spiral positions are required.
  • Assess one beat steps on basis of edges and pacing.

2nd End:

3 LBI Three Turns/LFO Brackets (8 beats)
3 RBI Three Turns/RFO Brackets (8 beats)

  • Assess on the basis of balance (ease of motion) in the turns.
  • Musicality and pacing in relation to the measures of music (i.e. 2 measures for a multiple turn step).

Concluding Steps:

1 LFO/RFI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 LF Arabesque (4 beats)
1 RF Arabesque (4 beats)
1 LFI Side Stop (4 beats)

Note:

  • Variations in speed should be evident as the initial side and last end sections must be executed with less power than the first end and second side sections.

 

 

 Flying Choctaws 

Opening Steps: 5 [2 Forward Steps (2 beats each) + 1 RFO Three Turn (2 beats) + 1 LBO/RBI
Crosscut (2 beats)]

1st Side:

Three repetitions of:
1 LFO/RFI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 LFO Edge (1 beat)
1 XF-RFI/LBO Choctaw (2 beats)
1 XF-RBI Edge (1 beat)
1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (2 beats)

  • Strong edges are required in the choctaws and the following cross steps.
  • Accurate timing should be rewarded.

1st End:

1 LFI/RBO Choctaw (2 beats)
1 XF-LBI Edge (1 beat)
1 RFI Edge (1 beat)
1 LFI/RBI Mohawk (2 beats)
1 LBO Edge (2 beats)

  • Power must be developed throughout this section.

2nd Side:

Two repetitions of:
1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RFO Edge (1 beat)
1 XF-LFI/RBO Choctaw (2 beats)
1 XF-LBI Edge (1 beat)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)

Third repetition:
1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RFO Edge (1 beat)
1 XF-LFI/RBO Choctaw (2 beats)
1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (2 beats)

  • Strong edges are required in the choctaws and the following cross steps.
  • Accurate timing should be rewarded.

2nd End:

1 RFO/LBO Mohawk (2 beats)
1 XF-RBI Edge (1 beat)
1 LFI Edge (1 beat)
1 RFO/LBO Mohawk (2 beats)
1 XF-RBI Edge (1 beat)
1 LFI Edge (1 beat)

Concluding Step:

1 RFI Three Turn to a T-Stop (8 beats)

 

 

Senior Silver Standards & Diagrams

 

Rockers and Choctaws 

Opening Step: 5 [ 3 Forward outside edges (2 beats each) + 1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (2 beats)]

1st Side:

1 RFO Rocker (6 beats)
1 XF-LBI Edge (2 beats)
1 RBO Rocker (6 beats)
1 XF-LFI Edge (1 beat)
1 RFO Edge (1 beat)
1 XF-LFI Rocker (6 beats)
1 RBO Edge (2 beats)
1 XF-LBI Rocker (6 beats)

  • The musicality (6 beats per turn) allows the skater to focus on being on the correct edges.
  • Accurate edges are required in 3 of the 4 rocker turns.

1st End:

1 RFO Three Turn (2 beats)
1 LBOIO Change of Edge (3 beats)
(Closed Choctaw)
1 RFI Edge (1 beat)
(Open Choctaw)
1 LBOIO Change of Edge (3 beats)
(Closed Choctaw)
2 RFI/LBO Choctaws (open) (2 beats each)
1 XF-RBI Edge (1 beat)
1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (4 beats)

  • Edge quality and ease of motion may be difficult for some skaters due to body build (hip turnout).
  • Agility, in the sense of pacing, (i.e. one beat per step), however, can be attained.

2nd Side:

1 LBO Rocker (6 beats)
1 XF-RFI Edge (2 beats)
1 LFO Rocker (6 beats)
1 XF-RBI Edge (1 beat)
1 LBO Edge (1 beat)
1 XF-RBI Rocker (6 beats)
1 LFO Edge (2 beats)
1 XF-Rocker (6 beats)
1 LBO Edge (2 beats)

  • The musicality (6 beats per turn) allows the skater to focus on being on the correct edges.
  • Accurate edges are required in 3 of the 4 rocker turns.

2nd End:

1 RFO Three Turn/Change of Edge (3 beats)
(Closed Choctaw)
1 LFI Edge (1 beat)
(Open Choctaw)
1 RBOIO Change of Edge (3 beats)
(Closed Choctaw)
2 LFI/RBO Choctaws (open) (2 beats each)
(Closed Choctaw)
1 XF-LBI Edge (1 beat)

  • Edge quality and ease of motion may be difficult for some skaters due to body build (hip turnout).
  • Agility, in the sense of pacing, (i.e. one beat per step), however, can be attained.

Concluding Steps:

1 RFO Three Turn (2 beats)
1 LBI Lunge (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RBI Lunge/Side Stop (6 beats)

 

 

Multi Circle Threes and Brackets 

Opening Steps: 4 (2 beats each)

1st Circle:

1 CR-RFOI Change of Edge/Mohawk (4 beats)
1 RBO Three Turn (2 beats)
1 LFO Three Turn (2 beats)
1 RBO Edge (2 beats)
1 XF-LBI Three Turn (2 beats)
1 RFI Three Turn (2 beats)
1 XF-LBI Edge (2 beats)
1 RFI Rocker (4 beats)

  • Controlled execution of the turns with power and pacing is the requirement throughout the exercise.

2nd Circle:

1 LBO Edge (2 beats)
1 XF-RBI Three Turn (2 beats)
1 LFI Three Turn (2 beats)
1 XF-RBI Edge (2 beats)
1 LBO Three Turn (2 beats)
1 RFO Three Turn (2 beats)
2 LBO/RBI Crosscuts (2 beats each)
1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 RBI Toe-Hop Counter (“and”)

Transition:

1 RFI Three Turn (2 beats)
1 LFO Three Turn (2 beats)
2 RBO/LBI Crosscuts (2 beats each)
1 RBO/LBIO Crosscut/Change of Edge (4 beats)

  • The skater must generate enough power to travel to the opposite end of the rink.

3rd Circle:

1 XF-RBI Edge (2 beats)
1 LBO Bracket (4 beats)
1 RFO Bracket (2 beats)
1 LBO Edge (2 beats)
1 XF-RBI Bracket (2 beats)
1 LFI Bracket (2 beats)
1 XF-RBI Edge (2 beats)
1 LFI Rocker (4 beats)

4th Circle:

1 RBO Edge (2 beats)
1 XF-LBI Bracket (2 beats)
1 RFI Bracket (2 beats)
1 XF-LBI Edge (2 beats)
1 RBO Bracket (2 beats)
1 LFO Bracket (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 LBI Toe-Hop Counter (“and”)
1 LFI Three Turn (2 beats)

Concluding Steps:

1 RFO Three Turn (2 beats)
1 LBI Lunge (push wide) (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RBI Lunge (push wide) (2 beats)
1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 LBI Lunge Side Stop (6 beats)

Note:

  • Ice coverage must be attained from the turns as well as the crosscuts.
  • Power and balance are required.

 

 

Expanding Exercise 

Opening Steps: 2 [1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (4 beats)]

Opening Circle:

1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 RFOIO Change of Edge (6 beats)
1 XF-LFI Edge (2 beats)

  • Power from the blade is a requirement.
  • Circle should be approximately 30 feet (9 meters) in diameter.

Transition:

1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 RFO Rocker/Bracket/Three Turn (12 beats)

  • Control of the turns and flow using 4 measures of music are required.

2nd Circle:

1 RBO Pivot (8 beats)

  • Pivot should be held for approximately one revolution. Flow and balance are required.

Change of Edge Section:

1 RFIOI – Stop – RBIOI Counter (14 beats)
1 LFOIO – Stop – LBOIO Counter (14 beats)
1 XF-RFI Edge (4 beats)

  • The change of edge section must begin from a standstill. Lobes are small (approximately 1.5 feet in diameter).
  • Speed should be minimal. Balance and edges, creating ease of motion are the requirements.
  • Musicality in the sense of 2 measures of music for the pivot, 7 measures for the two change of edge sequences and 1 measure for the exit.

Steps for 3rd and 4th circles are the same as for the first two circles but are executed on the opposite foot.

Concluding Steps:

1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 RFO Edge (2 beats)
1 LFI Three Turn to a T-Stop (4 beats)

  • Each circle should use 1/3 of the ice surface.
  • Circles 2 and 3 use the same ice surface section (i.e. middle section).

 

Gold Standards & Diagrams

Counters and Three change Threes 

Opening Steps: 5 [3 Forward outside edges (2 beats each) + 1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (2 beats)]

1st Side:

1 RFO Counter Turn (6 beats)
1 XF-LBI Edge (2 beats)
1 RBO Counter Turn (6 beats)
1 XF-LFI Edge (1 beat)
1 RFO Edge (1 beat)
1 XF- LFI Counter Turn (6 beats)
1 RBO Edge (2 beats)
1 XF-LBI Counter Turn (6 beats)
1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (2 beats)

  • Counter turns must be executed with controlled edges and speed utilizing 8 measures of music.
  • Accurate edges are required in 3 of the 4 counter turns.

1st End:

2 Forward Three-Change-Backward Three Turns
(Outside followed by Inside) (8 beats each)
1 XF-RFI Edge (2 beats)
2 Forward Three-Change-Backward Three Turns
(Outside followed by Inside) (8 beats each)
1 LFI/RBI Mohawk (2 beats)

  • Agility with quick lean change is required in the three-change-threes.
  • Each three-change-three is to be executed in 8 beats of music, allowing the skater to execute strong lobes and edges.

2nd Side:

1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 LBO Counter Turn (6 beats)
1 XF-RFI Edge (2 beats)
1 LFO Counter Turn (6 beats)
1 XF-RBI Edge (1 beat)
1 LBO Edge (1 beat)
1 XF-RBI Counter Turn (6 beats)
1 LFO Edge (2 beats)
1 XF-RFI Counter Turn (6 beats)

  • Counter turns must be executed with controlled edges and speed utilizing 8 measures of music.
  • Accurate edges are required in 3 of the 4 counter turns.

2nd End:

1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 LBO/RBI Crosscut (2 beats)
2 Backward Three-Change-Forward Three Turns
(Outside followed by Inside) (8 beats each)
1 XF-LBI Edge (2 beats)
2 Backward Three-Change-Forward Three Turns
(Outside followed by Inside) (8 beats each).

  • Same as 1st end above
  • Do not expect the execution of the backward three change- forward threes to be as balanced as the first end as they are more difficult.

Concluding Steps:

1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RF Arabesque (2 beats)
1 LFI Tuck (8 beats)
1 RF Edge (2 beats)
1 LF Arabesque (2 beats)
1 RFI Tuck (8 beats)
1 LFI Edge to a LFI Side Stop (CW) (4 beats)

  • Tuck steps should demonstrate:
  • Extension of the free leg and arms
  • Bend in the hip, knee and ankle of the skating side
  • Strong edges

 

Multi Circle Double Threes and Mohawks 

Opening Steps: 2 (2 beats each)

Transition:

1 RFO Edge (2 beats)
3 LFO/RFI Crosscuts (2 beats each)
1 LFO Edge (4 beats)

  • These steps should add power and correct positioning for Circle #1.

Circles #1 & #2:

1 Forward Outside Double Three (4 beats)
1 Forward Inside Double Three (4 beats)
1 Forward Outside Three Turn (2 beats)
1 Backward Crosscut (2 beats)
1 Backward Outside Double Three (4 beats)
1 Backward Inside Double Three (4 beats)
2 Backward Crosscut (2 beats each)
1 Backward Outside Choctaw (4 beats)

  • Flow through the double three turns with a pace of 2 beats for the first edge and 1 beat for the last two edges is a requirement.

Circle #3:

1 RFO Three Turn (2 beats)
1 LBI Edge (2 beats)
3 RBO/LBI Crosscuts (2 beats each)
1 RFI Edge (2 beats)
3 LFO/RFI Crosscuts (2 beats each)
1 Hop to Backward CW (“and”)
1 LBI Edge (free leg in front) (2 beats)
1 Backward Crosscut (4 beats)
2 RBO/LBI Crosscuts (2 beats each)
1 RFO Edge (4 beats)

  • Power from the blade creating a large circle and strong posture are required.

Circle #4:

4 Forward Inside Mohawks followed by short (popped) three turns (also described as popped backward mohawks) (2 beats each)

  • Flow through the turns with a pace of 1 beat per edge is the requirement.

Transition between Circles #4 & #5:

1 LFI Mohawk (2 beats)
1 LBI Lunge (push wide) (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (2 beats)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut into popped Three Turn (2 beats)

  • These steps should generate power to set up Circle #5.

Circle #5 + Concluding Steps:

3 Forward Inside Mohawks followed by a short (popped) three turn (also described as popped
backward mohawks) (2 beats each)
1 RFI/LBI Mohawk (2 beats)
1 RBO Edge (1 beat)
1 LBO Edge (1 beat)
1 XF-LFI Ina Bauer (6 beats – cross in front happens on first two counts, then Ina Bauer is sustained for 4 counts)
1 XF-RFI Ina Bauer (6 beats – cross in front happens on first two counts, then Ina Bauer is sustained for 4 counts)
1 XF-RBI Edge (2 beats)
1 LBO Edge into a LBO T Stop (right foot behind) (2 beats)

  • The purpose of the Ina Bauers is to increase flexibility in the hip and ankle joints. Some skaters may need to shorten these steps due to body build (lack of hip turnout).

 

 

Expanding Exercise 

Opening Steps: 2 [1RFO/LFI Crosscut (4 beats)]

Opening Circle:

1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 RFOIO Change of Edge (6 beats)
1 XF-LFI Edge (2 beats)

  • Power from the blade is a requirement.
  • Circle should be approximately 30 feet (9 meters) in diameter.

Transition:

2 RFO Swing Rolls followed by a short swing behind push (4 beats each)

  • The steps should demonstrate an easy swing of the free leg and arms as well as a change in the angle of the torso.

1 RFO/LFI Crosscut (4 beats)
1 RFO Counter/Three Turn/Bracket (12 beats)

  • Control of the turns and flow using 3 measures of music are required.

2nd Circle:

1 RBO Pivot (8 beats)
1 RFO Pivot (4 beats)
1 RFI Rocker/Counter (4 beats)
1 LFO Rocker/Counter (4 beats)
1 XF-RFI Edge (2 beats)
1 LFO Edge (2 beats)

  • Flow and balance are required in the pivots (one revolution).
  • The rocker-counter steps should be skated with minimal speed on a small pattern.
  • Edge control generating power from the turns is required.
  • Musicality requires 2 measures of music for the backward pivot, 1 measure for the forward pivot, 2 measures for the rockercounter steps and 1 measure for the exit for a total of 6 measures.

Transition and Three Jumps:

1 CR-RFO Three Turn (4 beats)
2 LBO-RBI Crosscuts (4 beats each)
3 Alternating LFO/RFO Three Jumps (4 beats each)
1 RBO/LBI Crosscut (4 beats)

  • Power must be established in the transition steps and flow in the three jumps.
  • Musicality requires 1 measure of music for the three turn, each crosscut and each three jump.

Threes-Rocker-Loop Section:

1 Ina Bauer/RFI Travelling Turn/Spread Eagle (8 beats)
1 RFI Rocker/Loop (8 beats)

  • An easy flowing travelling turn can compensate for a weak Ina Bauer and spread eagle.
  • A strong backward loop can also compensate for a weak Ina Bauer and spread eagle.

4th Circle:

2 LFO/RFI Crosscut (4 beats each)
3 LFO Travelling Turns (4 beats)
2 RBO Three Turn/Mohawk (4 beats)

Transition:

1 RBO Edge (2 beats)
1 LBO Edge (free leg behind) (2 beats)

5th Circle:

3 RFO Travelling Turns (4 beats)
2 LBO Three Turn/Mohawk (4 beats)
1 LBO/RFI Choctaw (8 beats)*
*replace with 1 RBO T stop (left foot behind) (8 beats) for ending.

Note:

  • For the following circles and transitions, the same steps as the previous circles and transitions are skated. However, these steps are done on the opposite foot, travelling in the opposite direction.

 

 

Dance Patterns: (pdf Files)

Senior Bronze

Junior Silver

Senior Silver

Gold

Diamond (1)

Diamond (2)

Diamond (3)

 

 

STAR Test Sheets: (pdf Files)

 

Skating Skills

Sr. Bronze

Jr. Silver

Sr. Silver

Gold

 

Freeskate

Sr. Bronze Free Skate Elements

Sr. Bronze Free Skate Program

Jr. Silver Free Skate

Sr. Silver Free Skate

Gold Free Skate

 

Dance

Sr. Bronze Dances

Jr. Silver Dances

Sr. Silver Dances

Gold Dances

Diamond Dances

 

Interpretive

Interpretive Singles

Interpretive Couples