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e. On and Off Ice Strategies

STAR 1-5 On and Off Ice Strategies

ON ICE: Examples of class content and stations


Below are some examples that coaches may use to guide their skaters in on-ice classes. Coaches will be expected to expand and explore content as their sessions evolve and grow in skill development.


STRATEGIES to consider:

Please note: To accommodate a variety of levels, coaches can use some of the following strategies:

  • Assign different exercises to different levels of skaters
  • Start with the simple exercises and allow all skaters to try all skills regardless of level
  • Assign different lanes to each level (Highway lane format)
  • Assign a continuous lane circuit for each level (Divided continuous lane format or a superimposed continuous lane format)

CONTINOUS LANES: (see definition in STAR 1-5 Terms and Definitions)

  • Set the skills for each lane. Allow skaters to run it through a couple of times then add onto or change the skills in each lane
  • Allow skaters at different levels to do the skill appropriate for them in each lane. For example, STAR 1-2’s could be doing forward 3-turns in a lane, while STAR 3 & up skaters could perform backward 3-turns in the same lane. 

HIGHWAY LANES: (see definition in STAR 1-5 Terms and Definitions)

  • Add music for rhythm and/or interest
  • Start with simple skills and increase difficulty on each restart or every other restart
  • Could separate different levels of skaters into different lanes or allow them to be integrated into whole group
  • Could use “return to start” path along the perimeter of the ice as a rest area where skaters can skate back to start at leisure, or as a place to put another skill to practice or use as a stretch.

The following charts and diagrams are examples of skills, exercises or drills that can be used in many different classes for different purposes. The information below is meant to be used as a resource or guide. Coaches are encouraged to continue to explore these applications and create classes that fit the development needs of their skaters.  Coaches are also encouraged to continue to add variety, challenge and fun into these classes to keep the skaters engaged and continually exposed to new skills or exercises. This will increase the effectiveness and support a well-rounded development training environment.

General warm up


Power Class

Edge/Turn Class*

*All edges and turns will be taught in “figure form” in the STAR 1-5 Skills program. Using this form in your classes may help skaters establish basics for that discipline. Power and presentation can be added as skaters acquire a strong foundation in the basics.

Dance Steps Class:

Field Move Class:

Creative Movement Class:

General cool down:












The purpose of a STATION is to:

  • Give skaters guidance for their practice time
  • Ensure skaters are practicing and focusing on the correct areas of their training
  • Remind skaters about key points or progressions to be used on a daily basis
  • Build good training habits for self-directed practice later in development


IDEAS for STATION CONTENT (general): Coaches are encouraged to use pictures, diagrams or drawings to help reinforce teaching points, key area of focus or daily mission. Below are some ideas. Coaches are expected to customize their stations to meet the needs of their session and skaters.


 Coaches may also decide to use stations as part of a specific session. Below are some ideas to identify different stations that could be used on specific sessions.

OFF ICE CLASSES: Examples of class content

Below are some examples that coaches may use to guide their off ice classes. Coaches will be expected to expand and explore content as their sessions evolve and grow in skill development.

STRATEGIES and TIPS for off ice classes:

  • Skaters should have good foot wear on to give the feet proper support
  • Multiple spaces can be utilized. Consider using hallways, lobbies, dressing rooms, fields, meeting rooms, stair ways, gymnasiums etc. If spaces can be found with rubberized flooring, this is best.
  • All off ice classes should be supervised for safety
  • Skaters may perform off ice warms and cool downs on their own after they have been trained on the proper exercises and expectation of conduct.

Off ice jump class

Off ice warm up (general)

Mental Prep (general)

Sample additional off ice classes:








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