- Technical Score
- Scale of Values
The scale of values table of the elements of pair skating is published and updated in Skate Canada and ISU Communications. This scale of value (SOV) contains base values of all the elements and adjustments for the quality of their execution.
Base values are measured in points and increase with increasing of the elements' difficulty. The elements difficulty depends:
- in jumps (singles and pair) and throw jumps (pair) – on the names of the jumps or the throw jumps listed in order of their difficulty (toe loop, Salchow, loop, flip, Lutz, Axel) and the number of revolutions
- in lifts (pair) - on the Groups of the lifts (one–five) their names and their Levels of difficulty
- in twist lifts (pair) – on the number of revolutions and Levels of difficulty
- in death spirals (pair) – on the names and levels of difficulty
- in other elements – on their Levels of difficulty.
- Levels of Elements
Technical specialists will determine the name and the Level of difficulty (when necessary) of elements. Lifts, twist lifts and death spirals (pair), spins, steps (singles and pair) and spirals are divided
in four Levelsdepending on their difficulty in five (5) Levels according to the number of features achieved: Basic Level – in case of no features, Level 1 – in case of one feature, Level 2 – in case of two features, Level 3 – in case of three features and Level 4 – in case of four or more features. Level 1 – the easiest, Level 2 – difficult, Level 3 - more difficult and Level 4 - the most difficult ones. The description of characteristics (features) that give an element a certain Level of difficulty is published and updated in Skate Canada and ISU Communications.
- Grade of Execution (GOE)
Every judge will mark the quality of execution of every element depending on the positive features of the execution and errors on the seven grades of execution scale: +3, +2, +1, base value, -1, -2, -3. For this first he evaluates the positive features of the element that might increase the base value to a + value and then reduces the result because of errors if any of these are committed. Each + or - grade has its own + or - numerical value indicated in the scale of value (SOV) table. This value is added to the base value of the element (or deducted from it).
In marking the GOE the following must be considered:
- Jumps: the height, length, technique and the clean starting and landing of the required jumps, in the case of pair, credit must be given to the jump of each partner according to its merit.
- Jump combination/sequence: the perfect execution of the jumps in relation to their difficulty, each jump must be given credit according to its merit.
- Lifts/twist lift: the speed, the height, the continuous rotation, smoothness of the take-off and landing, good coverage of the ice surface, the position of the woman in the air.
- Throw jumps: the height, the distance, the take-off and clean landing of the woman, the position of the woman in the air.
- Death spirals: a smooth entry and exit, the even descent into the spiral by the woman, the maintenance of the pivot position by the man and the position of the woman's body and head should be close to the ice surface during the execution of the actual death spiral.
- Spins: quality of the required positions, strong and well controlled rotation, number of revolutions in the required position(s), speed of rotation, centering of the spin. In flying spins the height of the jump and the position in the air and landing.
- Step and spiral step sequences: the swing, carriage and smooth flow of the movement in conformity with the character and the rhythm of the music.
The guidelines for this marking are published and updated in Skate Canada and ISU Communications.
Jump combinations and sequences are evaluated as "one unit".
Jump combination: the base values of the jumps included are added. The numerical value of GOE for result calculation is related to the jump with the highest value.
A jump sequence is evaluated as one unit. The base values of the two most difficult jumps included are added. The factor of 0.8 is applied for the sum. Following that the numerical value of GOE for result calculation is related to the one of the two jumps with the highest value. The factored base value of the jump combination/sequence will be rounded to two decimal places.
- Illegal elements/movements
- somersault type jumps
- lifts with wrong holds
- lifts with more than three and a half revolutions of the man
- spinning movements in which the man swings the woman around in the air while holding her hand or foot
- twist-like or rotational movements during which the woman is turned over with her skating foot leaving the ice
- rotational movements with the grip of one of the partners on the leg, arm and neck of the other partner
- jumps of one of the partners towards the other partner
- lying and prolonged and/or stationary kneeling on both knees on the ice at any moment.
There must be a 2.0 point deduction for every illegal element/movement included in the program.
Remark: If there is an illegal movement/hold during the execution of any element the deduction will apply and the element will receive Level 1 if the requirements for at least Level 1 are fulfilled. Otherwise the element will be called “no level”.
For Juvenile singles, Pre-Novice singles, Novice singles, and Novice pair, a bonus is applied for fully rotated attempts of specific elements. See Regulation 110 – Determination and Publication of Results for a list of bonuses that may be applied.
Unique, special and innovative movements either within the given number of elements of a well balanced program or as an extraordinary element not listed within a well balanced program will receive a bonus of 2.0 points. The bonus will be awarded for maximum one season, unless there is no other pair who performs the same element. In case this execution is in the same competition, the same bonus will be awarded for both pair, but after the competition no bonus will be awarded for this particular element. The bonus is identified by the technical specialist(s) and verified by the technical controller who will immediately inform the Skate Canada national office.
- Definition of Program Components
In addition to technical score each of the judges will evaluate the skater’s/pair's whole performance which is divided into five program components: skating skills,transitions/linking footwork and movement, performance/execution, choreography/composition, interpretation of the music.
- Skating Skills
Overall skating quality, edge control and flow over the ice surface demonstrated by a command of the skating vocabulary (e.g. edges, steps, turns etc.), the clarity of technique and the use of effortless power to accelerate and vary speed. Varied use of power/energy, speed and acceleration.
In evaluating the skating skills, the following must be considered:
- Balance, rhythmic knee action and precision of foot placement
- Flow and effortless glide
- Cleanness and sureness of deep edges, steps and turns
- Power/energy and acceleration
- Mastery of multi directional skating
- Mastery of one foot skating
- Equal mastery of technique by both partners shown in unison (pair skating)
The varied and/or intricate footwork, positions, movements and holds that link all elements. In pair this also includes the entrances and exits of technical elements.
In evaluating the transitions/linking footwork and movement, the following must be considered:
- Quality (including unison in pair skating)
- Balance of workload between partners (pair skating)
Performance: is the involvement of the skater/pair physically, emotionally and intellectually as they translate the intent of the music and choreography. Execution: is the quality of movement and precision in delivery. This includes harmony of movement in pair skating.
In evaluating the performance/execution, the following must be considered:
- Physical, emotional and intellectual involvement
- Style and individuality/personality
- Clarity of movement
- Variety and contrast
- Unison and "oneness"
- Balance in performance
- Spatial awareness between partners - management of the distance between partners and management of changes of hold.
An intentional, developed and/or original arrangement of all types of movements according to the principles of proportion, unity, space, pattern, structure and phrasing.
In evaluating the choreography/composition the following must be considered:
- Purpose (idea, concept, vision, mood)
- Proportion (equal weight of parts)
- Unity (purposeful threading of all movements)
- Utilization of personal and public space
- Pattern and ice coverage
- Phrasing and form (movements and parts structured to match the phrasing of the music)
- Originality of purpose, movement and design
- Shared responsibility in achieving purpose (for pair skating).
The personal and creative translation of the music to movement on ice.
In evaluating the interpretation of the music, the following must be considered:
- Effortless movement in time to the music (timing)
- Expression of the music's style, character and rhythm
- Use of *finesse to reflect the nuances of the music
- Relationship between the partners reflecting the character of the music.
*Finesse is the skater's refined, artful manipulation of nuances. Nuances are the personal artistic ways of bringing subtle variations to the intensity, tempo, and dynamics of the music made by the composer and/or musicians.
Program Components are evaluated by judges after completion of a program on a scale from 0.25 to 10 with increments of 0.25. Points given by the judges correspond to the following degrees of the components: less than 1 - extremely poor, 1 - very poor, 2 - poor, 3 - weak, 4 - fair, 5 - average, 6 - above average, 7 -good, 8 - very good,