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Section A - Official Regulations - 105 Determination and Publication of Results

  1. Basic principles of calculation
    1. Every section of a pattern dance and every required element of the short program, free skating, short dance, free dance, creative dance and creative skating skills have a certain base value indicated in the Scale of Value (SOV) Table.
    2. For synchronized skating: The base value for the levels of elements is determined by combining the difficulty groups of elements and the difficulty groups of features. Each synchronized skating element/configuration belongs to a difficulty group of elements, which may contain the additional features that are specific for the respective element and increase the difficulty of an element.
    3. Each judge identifies for each element one of the seven grades of execution. Each grade has its own plus or minus numerical value also indicated in the SOV Table.
    4. The panel’s grade of execution (GOE) is determined by calculating the trimmed mean of the numerical values of the grades of execution awarded by the judges.
    5. The trimmed mean is calculated by deleting the highest and the lowest values of all scoring judges and calculating the average of the remaining values. If there are less than five scores entered by judges for an element or component, all entered values will be used to calculate the mean.
    6. This average will become the final grade of execution for an individual section/element. The panel’s GOE is rounded to two decimal places.
    7. The panel’s score for each section/element is determined by adding the trimmed mean GOE to its base value.
    8. In single and pair skating:
      1. Jump combinations are evaluated as one unit by adding the base values of the jumps included and applying the GOE with the numerical value of the most difficult jump. The factored base value of the jump combination will be rounded to two (2) decimal places
      2. Jump sequences are evaluated as one unit by adding the base values of the two highest value jumps, multiplying the result by 0.8 and after that applying the GOE with the numerical value of the most difficult jump. The factored base value of the jump sequence will be rounded to two decimal places
      3. In the short program and free skate of Junior and Senior single skating the base values (but not the GOEs) for all jump elements started in the second half of the program will be multiplied by a special factor of 1.1 in order to give credit for even distribution of difficulties in the program. In the free skating of Junior and Senior pair skating the base value (but not the GOEs) for all throw jumps, jump elements, lifts and twists started in the second half of the program will be multiplied by a special factor of 1.1. Each factored base value for all jump elements (single skating) and for all throw jumps, jump elements, lifts and twists (pair skating) performed in the second half of the short program (singles skating) and free skate program will be rounded to two decimal places. The second half commences in the middle of the required time without taking into account plus or minus 10 seconds allowance.
    9. In ice dance:
      1. Combination lifts are evaluated as one unit by adding the base values of the two first executed types of lifts, multiplying the result by 1.0 and after that applying the GOE with the numerical value equal to the numerical value of the same GOE for a serpentine lift of a level equal to that of the most difficult type of lift included in the combination. The factored base value of the combination lift will be rounded to two decimal places.
    10. In interpretive skating:
      1. There are no required elements in interpretive skating and therefore no technical mark is assigned
      2. Any technical elements performed will not be identified or scored but may be considered in the transitions score
      3. The five program components determine the score for interpretive events, minus any deductions for violations.
    11. In creative skating skills:
      1. Full technical panel not required for creative skating skills, only technical judge needed
      2. All elements requiring a level of difficulty shall be identified no higher than Level B Level 1. Elements not meeting basic requirements will receive a Level 0.
      3. A step sequence with required elements is identified as two separate elements.
      4. All well balanced creative skating skills programs should receive 4 GOEs.
    12. In synchronized skating:
      1. i. If the value of the element (after taking any missing requirement, deductions and reductions) is less than zero, the element shall be awarded a value of 0.00
      2. ii. Each element (e.g. block, circle, intersection, wheel, etc.) will be evaluated separately and given a GOE. Each step sequence (e.g. no hold, block, circle), will be evaluated separately and given a GOE.
    13. The panel’s scores for all of the elements are added, giving the technical score.
    14. Any additional element or elements exceeding the prescribed numbers will not be counted in the result of a participant/team. Only the first attempt (or allowed number of attempts) of an element will be taken into account.
    15. Bonuses are applied in CompetitiveSkate as follows:
      • Juvenile singles: Each jump identified in the program as a fully rotated double Axel or any fully rotated jump of higher base value will result in a technical bonus of one point
      • Pre-Novice singles: Each jump identified in the program as a fully rotated double Axel or any fully rotated jump of higher base value will result in a technical bonus of one point
      • Novice women singles: Each jump identified in the program as a fully rotated triple triple toe loop or any fully rotated jump of equal or higher base value will result in a technical bonus of one point
      • Novice men: Each jump identified in the program as a fully rotated triple loop, triple flip, triple Lutz or triple Axel.
      • Novice pair: Each twist, throw and side-by-side jump identified as a fully rotated triple will result in a technical bonus of one point
      • Junior Women Short: The required solo jump that is immediately preceded by connecting steps is identified in the program as a fully rotated triple jump
      • Junior Men Short & Free: Each jump identified in the program as a fully rotated Triple Axel
    16. The bonus (if obtained) will be added to the sum of the panel’s score for all of the elements, giving the total technical score.
    17. Each judge also marks the program components on a scale from 0.25 to 10 with 0.25 points increments.
    18. The panel’s points for each program component are obtained by calculating the trimmed mean of the scoring judges’ results for that program component. The trimmed mean is calculated in the manner described above in sub-paragraph d).
    19. The trimmed mean of each program component is rounded to two decimal places.
    20. The panel’s points for each program component are then multiplied by a factor according to the following tables.
      1. In single and pair:
        Event Skating Skills Transitions/ Linking Footwork/ Movements Performance/ Execution Choreography Interpretation
        Short Program
        Pre-Novice women/ men/ pair .70 .50 .70 .40 .70
        Novice women/ men/ pair  .80 .70 .80  .50  .70
        Junior/ Senior women/ pair  .80  .80  .80  .80  .80
        Junior/ Senior men  1.00  1.00  1.00  1.00  1.00
        Free Skate      
         Pre-Juvenile, Juvenile, STARSkate & Adult women / men / pair  1.00 .75   1.00  .50  .75
         Pre-Novice women / men / pair  1.40  1.00  1.40  .80  1.40
         Novice women/ men/ pair  1.60  1.40  1.60  1.00  1.40
         Junior / Senior women/ pair  1.60  1.60  1.60  1.60  1.60
         Junior / Senior men  2.00  2.00  2.00  2.00  2.00

         

      2. In ice dance:
        Event Skating Skills Performance Interpretation Timing
        Pattern Dances
        Pre-Juvenile & Juvenile pattern .75 .50 .50 .75
        Pre-Novice pattern .75 .50 .50 .75
        Novice pattern .75 .50 .50 .75
        STARSkate & Adult .75 .50 .50 .75

        Event Skating Skills Transitions/ Linking Footwork/ Movements Performance/ Execution Choreography/ Composition Interpretation/ Timing
        Short Dance
        Junior / Senior short .80 .80 .80 .80 .80
        Creative Dance      
         STARSkate  1.00  1.00  1.00  .50  .75
        Free Dance      
         Juvenile free dance  1.25  .50  1.00  .50  1.00
         Pre-Novice free dance  1.25 .75  1.00 .50 1.00 
         Novice free dance  1.25 1.25  1.00 .50  1.00
         Junior / Senior free dance  1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
        Adult Silver & Gold free dance 1.25 .50 1.00 .50 .75


      3. In interpretive skating
        Event Skating Skills Transitions/ Linking Footwork/ Movements Performance/ Execution Choreography/ Composition Interpretation/ Timing
        STARSkate & Adult 2.00 2.00 3.00 3.00 3.00


      4. In creative skating skills:
        Event Skating Skills Transitions/ Linking Footwork/ Movements Performance/ Execution Choreography/ Composition Interpretation/ Timing
        STARSkate 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00


      5. In synchronized skating:
        Event Skating Skills Transitions/ Linking Steps/ Formations/ Connecting Elements Performance/ Execution Choreography/ Composition Interpretation
        Short Program
        Junior / Senior .80 .80 .80 .80 .80
        Free Skate
         Beginner I  1.00 0.00 1.00  0.00  0.00
         Beginner II  1.00 0.00 1.00  0.00  .50
         Elementary  1.00  .50 1.00  .50  1.00 
         Juvenile 1.00  .50  1.00  .50  1.00 
         Pre-Novice  1.00 .50   1.00 .50   1.00
         Novice  1.50  1.25  1.50  1.25  1.50
         Intermediate 1.50   1.25 1.50   1.25  1.50
         Open 1.60   1.60 1.60   1.60  1.60
         Junior / Senior 1.60   1.60 1.60   1.60  1.60
         Adult I 1.50   1.25 1.50   1.25  1.50
         Adult II 1.50  1.25  1.50   1.25  1.50
         Adult III 1.00  .50   1.00  .50  1.00
    21. The factored results are rounded to two decimal places and added. The sum is the program component score.
    22. Deductions are applied for each violation as follows:
      1. In singles and pair:
        1. Time violation - 1.0 for every five seconds lacking or in excess
        2. Music violation – 1.0 for vocal music
        3. Illegal element violation – 2.0 for every illegal element
        4. Costume and prop violation – 1.0
        5. Part of the costume/decoration fall on the ice – 1.0
        6. Fall deduction: additional deductions will be taken for each fall in a program according to the following table:

          LEVEL Deduction
          Pre-Juvenile/Juvenile/
          Pre-Novice/ Novice/ STARSkate
          -0.5 point for every fall outside of an element (in pair skating -0.5 for a fall of one partner and -1.0 for a fall of both partners)
          Adult -0.5 point for every fall (in pair skating -0.5 for a fall of one partner and -1.0 for a fall of both partners)
          Junior/Senior -1.0 point for each fall (in pair skating -1.0 for a fall of one partner and -2.0 for a fall of both partners)
        7. Interruption deduction: additional deductions will be taken for an interruption in the program according to the following table:

           LEVEL Deduction 
           Pre-Juvenile/Juvenile/
          Pre-Novice/ Novice/ STARSkate/Adult
           -0.5 point for each 10 seconds interruption to the program
           Junior/ Senior  -1.0 point for each 10 seconds interruption to the program
      2. In ice dance:
        1. Time violation -1.0 for every five seconds lacking or in excess
        2. Violation of music requirements Music violation2.0 1.0 for violating music definitions
        3. Violation of tempo specifications -1.0
        4. Extra elements -1.0 per violation
        5. Illegal element/movement violation -2.0 per violation
        6. Costume and prop violation -1.0
        7. Part of the costume/decoration fall on the ice – 1.0
        8. Lifts exceeding permitted duration: -1.0 per lift
        9. All deductions: additional deductions will be taken for each fall in a program according to the following table:

          LEVEL Deduction
          Juvenile/ Pre-Novice/ Novice/ STARSkate/Adult -0.5 point for a fall of one partner, -1.0 for a fall of both partner
          Junior/ Senior -1.0 point for a fall of one partner, -2.0 for a fall of both partners


        10. In the pattern dance, if a fall occurs during the introductory and/or concluding steps/movements only the technical panel makes the appropriate deduction. If a fall occurs during the section of dance the technical panel and judges make appropriate deduction. In the free dance, if a stumble or fall causes interruptions to the program that exceed five seconds an additional deduction will be applied as follows:

          LEVEL Deduction
          Juvenile/ Pre-Novice/ Novice/ STARSkate/Adult -0.5 for 6-15 seconds interruption
          -1.0 for 15-30 seconds interruption
          Junior/ Senior -1.0 for 6-15 seconds interruption
          -2.0 for 15-30 seconds interruption


      3.  In interpretive skating:
        1. Time violation – 1.0 for every five seconds lacking or in excess
        2. Illegal element violation – 2.0 for every illegal element
        3. Costume and prop violation – 1.0
        4. Fall deduction: additional deductions will be taken for each fall in a program according to the following table:

          LEVEL Deduction
          STARSkate/Adult -0.5 point for every fall (in pair skating -0.5 for a fall of one partner and -1.0 for a fall of both partners)


        5. Interruption deduction: additional deductions will be taken for an interruption in the program according to the following table:

          LEVEL Deductions
          STARSkate/Adult -0.5 point for each 10 seconds interruption to the program


      4. In creative skating skills:
        1. Time violation – 1.0 for every five seconds lacking or in excess
        2. Illegal element/movement violation – 2.0 for every illegal element/ movement
        3. Costume and prop violation – 1.0
        4. Fall deduction: additional deductions will be taken for each fall in a program according to the following table:

          LEVEL Deduction
          STARSkate -0.5 point for every fall
        5. Interruption deduction: additional deductions will be taken for an interruption in the program according to the following table:

          LEVEL Deduction
          STARSkate -0.5 point for each 10 seconds interruption to the program


      5. In synchronized skating:
        1. Fall deduction: additional deductions will be taken for each fall in a program according to the following table:

          LEVEL Deduction
          Beginner I/Beginner II/Elementary/Juvenile/
          Pre-Novice
          -0.5 point for every fall
          Novice/Intermediate/Open/
          Junior/Senior
          -1.0 point for every fall


        2. DED 1 – 0.5 points for each violation
        3. DED 2 – 1.0 point for each violation
        4. DED 3 – 1.5 points for each violation
        5. DED 4 – 2.0 points for each violation
          A full description of reductions and deductions are outlined in the Skate Canada “Domestic Summary of Calls” released annually.

          For interpretation of this rule for all disciplines, a fall is defined as a loss of control by a skater with the result that the majority of his/her own body weight is on the ice supported by any part of the body other than the blades (e.g. hand(s), knee(s), back, buttock(s) or any part of the arm).

  2. Determination of results in each part of a competition
    1. The total segment score of each skater/couple/team in each part of a competition (short program, free skate, pattern dance(s), short dance and free dance) is calculated by adding the total technical score and the program component scores (multiplied by corresponding factors), subtracting any deductions for violations described in sub-paragraph 110-1. s) i., ii. and iii. respectively.
    2. For events with two pattern dances the total score for each dance will be multiplied by a factor of 0.5.
    3. The skater/couple/team with the highest total segment score is placed first; the skater/couple/team with the next highest total segment score is placed second and so on.
    4. If two or more skaters/couples/teams have the same result, the total technical score will break the tie in the short program and the pattern dance(s). The program component score will break the tie in the free skate, short dance and free dance. If these results are also equal, the skaters/couples/teams concerned will be considered as tied.
  3. Determination of combined and final result
    1. The total segment scores of the short program and free skate respectively, the pattern dance(s), short dance and free dance are added and the result constitutes the final score of a skater/couple/team in an event. The skater/couple/team with the highest final score is first, second, third, etc.
    2. In cases of ties after the combined result or final result the skater/couple/team with the highest score for the last skated segment is placed first, second, third, etc. If there is a tie in the highest score, the better placement will decide the better place. In ice dancing, if two pattern dances are to be skated, both dances are even in value. There is no tie breaking criterion for the second dance.
    3. If there is a tie in this segment, the placement of the previous skated segment will count for the better place, etc. If there is no previous segment, the skaters/couples/teams are tied.
  4. Publication of results
    1. The official placing in each segment of each competition or championship must be published as soon as possible after that segment has been completed by all skaters/couples/teams. The Referee and Technical Controller must authorize the release of the results and any subsequent revisions to the results.  
    2. Following each segment the total technical score, the program component score, the deductions and the total segment score of every skater/couple/team must be published.
    3. Following each segment, a printout “Judges details by official for each skater/couple/team” which indicates the base values of all the elements and the GOE and points for the program components from every judge will be issued. The judges’ scores shall be listed by order of seating.
    4. The final result must be published as soon as possible after the conclusion of the event. This must include for each skater/couple/team:
      • The final place.
      • Separately, the placing in each segment of an event.
      • The total points (final score) for each skater/couple/team.
    5. Items in b), c) and d) must be included in the protocol of a competition. Item c) may also be included, should resources be available.
    6. Items in b), c) and d) must be included in the protocol of a qualifying or championship event.
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