Info Centre

Follow

Figure Skating Terms Defined - 4.0 Skating Skills/Stroking Exercises

4.1 SKATING SKILLS AND STROKING EXERCISES TERMS DEFINED

Following are the explanations for terms used in Skating Skills and Stroking Exercises:

(1) EDGES: A blade has two edges: inside and outside. Edges are curves which may be half circles or parts of a circle. Because the skater leans into the curve, only one edge of the blade touches the ice.
  (2) INSIDE EDGE: A curve performed using the inside edge of the blade. Because of lean into the curve, only the inside edge of the blade touches the ice. Inside edges may be performed forwards and backwards, starting on the left or right foot (LFI, RFI, LBI, RBI).
  (3) OUTSIDE EDGE: A curve performed on the outside edge of the blade. Because of lean into the curve, only the outside edge of the blade touches the ice. Outside edges may be performed forwards or backwards, starting on the left or right foot (LFO, RFO, LBO, RBO).
(4) LONG AXIS: The long axis divides the circle longitudinally into symmetrical halves.
(5) TRANSVERSE (SHORT) AXIS: The transverse axis divides the circle into symmetrical lobes and forms a right angle with the long axis where the circles join.
(6) CHANGE OF EDGE: In a change of edge the skater intentionally changes from one edge to the opposite edge by changing the body lean, at the intersection of the long and short axes. The change should be as short as possible and should not be “S” shaped. A change of edge can be from outside-to-inside or from inside-to-outside and can be performed forwards or backwards, starting on the left or right foot (LFOI, RFOI, LFIO, RFIO, LBOI, RBOI, LBIO, RBIO).
(7) THREE TURN: A three turn is a turn on a curve from forward-to-backward or backward-to-forward on the same foot with the point of the turn facing into the curve. If the edge entering the three turn is an outside edge, the exit edge of the turn will be an inside and vice versa. The exit edge of the turn continues on the same curve as the entry edge. It is called a “three” turn because the tracing on the ice resembles the number “3”. Three turns can be from outside-to-inside or from inside-to-outside and can be performed forward-to-backward or backward-to-forward, starting on the left or right foot. (LFO-LBI, RFO-RBI, LFI-LBO, RFI-RBO, LBO-LFI, RBO-RFI, LBI-LFO, RBI-RFO)
(8) BRACKET: A bracket is a turn on a curve from forward-to-backward or backward to forward-on-the same foot with the point of the turn facing outside the curve. If the edge entering the bracket is an inside edge, the exit edge of the turn will be outside and vice versa. The exit edge of the turn continues on the same curve as the entry edge. Brackets can be from outside-to-inside or from inside-to-outside and can be performed forward-to-backward or backward-to-forward starting on the left or right foot. (LFO-LBI, RFO-RBI, LFI-LBO, RFI-RBO, LBO-LFI, RBO-RFI, LBI-LFO, RBI-RFO)
(9) COUNTER: A counter is a turn from forward-to-backward or backward-to-forward on the same foot, with the point of the turn facing outside the curve. The skater changes to a new curve at the top of the turn (long axis). If the edge entering the counter is an inside edge, the exit edge of the turn will also be inside and vice versa. Counters can be from outside-to-outside or inside-to-inside and can be performed forward-to-backward or backward-to- forward, starting on the left or right foot. (LFO-LBO, RFO-RBO, LFI-LBI, RFI-RBI, LBO-LFO, RBO-RFO, LBI-LFI, RBI-RFI)
(10) ROCKER: A rocker is a turn from forward-to-backward or backward-to-forward, on the same foot, with the point of the turn facing into the circle. The skater changes to a new curve at the top of the turn (long axis). If the edge entering the rocker is an outside edge, the exit edge of the turn will also be outside. Rockers can be from outside-to-outside or inside-to-inside and can be performed forward-to-backward or backward-to-forward, starting on the left or right foot. (LFO-LBO, RFO-RBO, LFI-LBI, RFI-RBI, LBO-LFO, RBO-RFO, LBI-LFI, RBI-RFI)          
(11) LOOP: A loop is a forward or backward rotational movement skated on a small circle approximately equal to the height of the skater. A “cross-roll” transition into forward outside loops and a “cross behind” start for back outside loops are permissible. The loops included in the Skating Skills exercises are more of a “rotational movement”, more round than tear shaped. Outside loops can be skated forwards or backwards, starting on the left or right foot (LFO, RFO, LBO, RBO). Inside loops can be skated forwards or backwards, starting on the left or right foot (LFI, RFI, LBI, RBI).   
(12) LUNGE: A lunge is performed with both feet on the ice. The solid line of the diagram indicates where the body weight is (bent knee). The dotted line indicates that the skating foot of the preceding step does not come off of the ice. It is held in complete extension through the next step, resulting in a lunge.

Note: Diagrams for the Preliminary to Gold Skating Skills Tests are included in Appendix B of the STARSkate Section 4000 of the Official Rules and Regulations (Technical Handbook).

Was this article helpful?
0 out of 0 found this helpful
Have more questions? Submit a request

Comments

Powered by Zendesk