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G - Event conduct information for all competitions and championships

1.0 DRAWS

1.1 DRAW FOR STARTING ORDER

  1. STARTING ORDER DRAWN BY LOT: The starting order of the competitors for each event shall be drawn by lot by a committee of three persons: the Chief Referee/Technical Representative, the chief accountant, the chairman of the committee in charge of the competition, or their respective nominees.
  2. ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE DRAW FOR STARTING ORDER: The draw shall be made once, posted and announced as follows:
    1. DRAW FOR THE FIRST PORTION OF THE EVENT: For the first or only portion of an event the draw is made not more than forty-eight hours before the scheduled time of the event. Under special circumstances draws may be made earlier than forty-eight hours if approved and controlled by the Chief Referee/Technical Representative and Chief Accountant of the competition. The drawn order of skating is posted and announced: 
      1. FOR PATTERN DANCE EVENTS WITH A PRACTICE: If there is a practice for Pattern dances – at the time of, or following the posting of the drawn group of dances to be skated.
      2. FOR SYNCHRONIZED EVENTS: For Synchronized Skating the draw may be made up to thirty days prior to the start of the event if approved and controlled by the Chief Referee/Technical Representative and Chief Accountant of the competition.
      3. IF THERE IS AN OPEN DRAW: If there is an open draw or ‘token draw’, as soon after the draw as is practical for all events in that competition.
      4. WITHDRAWLS AFTER THE DRAWN STARTING ORDER IS POSTED/RELEASED: If a skater(s) withdraws from an event after the starting order is drawn and posted, the order will not be changed. The withdrawn skater(s) will be announced as having withdrawn. The alternate must replace the withdrawn skater in the same start order position before the start of the official practice session immediately prior to the first portion of their event. In the case of Senior events at the Canadian Championships, the alternate skater shall take the first start position with a re-calculation of warm-up as necessary.

If a skater(s) withdraws from a qualifying or championship competition after the start of the event, it must be for medical or compassionate reasons. In the case of a medical withdrawal the skater(s) must provide a medical certificate or be examined by the medical staff at the event either before they practice (if injury/illness is acute and exists upon the skaters’ arrival) or during the competition if the problem arises on site. Withdrawals due to compassionate reasons (eg. death in immediate family) will be considered on an individual basis by the Technical Representative.

If a skater withdraws from an event after the start of that competition (ie. competes in at least one segment), they must withdraw from all other event categories they are entered in. In the case of a Pair or Dance team withdrawing due to injury, only the uninjured skater will be permitted to skate in any other event(s) that they are registered in.

 

1.2 DRAW FOR STARTING ORDER FOR THE SUBSEQUENT PARTS OF AN EVENT

  1. DRAW FOR SUBSEQUENT PARTS OF AN EVENT: The starting order of competitors’ subsequent parts of an event is determined from the result of the preceding part of the competition concerned, i.e.:
    1. SINGLES: For Singles free skating from the results of the short program
    2. SHORT DANCE: For the Short dance –
      1. a random draw shall be conducted based on the combined results of the Pattern dance(s).
      2. If two or more couples are tied for the same place at the end of the Pattern dances, they shall be drawn in the same group or part. A separate draw will be made prior to the main draw to determine the order of the tied couples.
      3. If the number of participating couples is ten (10) or less, there is a free draw for the starting order in Short Dance. The draw will follow the order of the results of the Pattern dance(s), with the highest-place couple drawing first.
      4. If the participating number of couples exceeds ten (10), but is twenty-five (25) or less, the couples will be divided into two parts, A and C. Part A are those couples to skate in the last two starting order groups (see examples in the chart following the Draw Groups for Short Dance). Part C are the remaining couples.
      5. If the number of couples is twenty-six (26) or more, the couples will be divided into three parts A, B and C. Part A comprises those couples to skate in the last two starting order groups, Part B comprises those couples to skate in the two previous starting order groups and Part C is composed of the remaining couples. Example: Part A – 10 couples, Part B – 8 couples, Part C – 8 couples.
      6. In each part (A, B and C) there is a free draw. The draw will follow the order of the results of the Pattern dance(s) in each part with the highest placed couple in each part drawing first.
      7. At the completion of the draw for the starting order, the couples will be divided into warm-up groups.
      8. DRAW GROUPS FOR SHORT DANCE:
        Number of Couples Group A (last 2 groups to skate) Group B (2 previous groups to skate) Group C (couples 1 to 10 or remaining couples)
        1-10

        0

          1-10

        11

        12

        13

        14

        15

        16

        17

        18

        19

        20

        21

        22

        23

        24

        25

        8

        8

        9

        10

        10

        8

        9

        10

        10

        10

        9

        10

        10

        10

        10

         

        3

        4

        4

        4

        5

        8

        8

        8

        9

        10

        12

        12

        13

        14

        15

        26

        27

        28

        29

        30

        31

        32

        33+

        10

        10

        10

        10

        10

        10

        10

        Always 10

        8

        9

        10

        10

        10

        9

        10

        Always 10

        8

        8

        8

        9

        10

        12

        12

        The remainder

    3. FREE DANCE (OR INTERPRETIVE DANCE): For the free dance (or interpretive dance) from the results of the Pattern dances and short dance combined or from the Pattern dances only if no short dance was skated,
    4. PAIR FREE OR SYNCHRONIZED FREE PROGRAM: For the pair free skating and synchronized skating from the result of the short program.
  2. CONDUCT OF DRAW FOR EACH SUCCEEDING PART OF AN EVENT: For each succeeding part of an event – as soon as possible after the determination of the results of the preceding part, the referee or assistant referee in the presence of at least one accountant and if possible one competitor, shall divide the competitors for the purpose of the draw for the next succeeding part (in the order in which they finished in the previous part or parts combined, as the case may be) into the smallest possible number of equal groups, each group being no larger than the applicable warm-up group. For clarification see the charts following. If the number of competitors is not evenly divisible, the last group to skate (and as many preceding groups as necessary) must contain one more competitor than the first group. The lowest placed group must skate first, the next lowest second, and so on. This drawn skating order is posted as soon as possible after the results from the previous part are posted.
    1. If the skaters form only one warm-up group, they will be divided for the purpose of the draw into two groups of which the lower placed group will skate first. If the number of competitors is not equally divisible, the second group to skate will contain one more competitor than the first group. There will, however, be only one warm-up period.
    2. In the event that a skater withdraws after the skating order has been posted, the groups so established shall not be changed until the draws are made for the succeeding portion of the event.
  3. The committee in charge of the competition may permit the competitors to draw their own starting order. In such case the draw shall be made at the time listed for the posting of the draw in 1.1 (2) above.

 

1.3 DRAW FOR SUBSEQUENT START OF AN EVENT AT CHALLENGE COMPETITIONS AND CANADIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS

STARTING ORDER – Subsequent Segments: Competitors will be assigned to skate the second and any subsequent program at the Sectional Championships. Challenge Competitors and Novice and Junior competitors at the Canadian Figure Skating Championships in reverse order according to each competitor’s placement in the short program. The specific method of conducting and timing the draw will be determined and communicated in the event announcement.

 

1.4 TIES

In the event of ties, the following procedure should be followed:

  1. TIES AT THE END OF PATTERN DANCES, OR SINGLES/ PAIR/ SYNCHRONIZED SHORT PROGRAM: If two or more competitors are tied for the same place at the end of the Pattern dances or at the end of the short program in pair, or at the end of the short program in singles or in synchronized skating, they shall be drawn in the same group.
  2. TIES AT THE END OF THE SHORT DANCE: If two or more competitors are tied for the same place after the short dance in ice dancing, the placements shall be decided on the basis of the best placement for the short dance. If such placements are also equal, the competitors concerned are tied and shall be drawn in the same group.
  3. ORDER OF SKATING WHEN TIES INVOLVED: The order of skating in each group shall be determined by lot and each competitor shall be drawn in the order of placement in the preceding part of the competition. That is, with the best placed competitor being drawn first and including those tied.
  4. SIZE OF PRECEDING GROUP: When tied competitors are drawn in the same group, the immediate preceding group shall be smaller by the number of competitors so added to the following group.
  5. DETERMINING THE ORDER OF THE DRAW BETWEEN TIED SKATERS: The order of the draw between tied competitors shall first be determined by a separate draw prior to the draw for starting order for the event.

 

1.5 DRAWS FOR SYNCHRONIZED SKATING EVENTS

  1. STARTING ORDER FOR THE FIRST PART OF AN EVENT: The skating order shall be determined by a random draw in each event with the following exception: Should a Short Program and Free Program constitute one event, the starting order for the Free Skating Program shall be determined from the results of the Short Program as follows:
  2. STARTING ORDER FOR SUBSEQUENT PART OF AN EVENT: As soon as possible after the determination of the results of the preceding part, the Referee or Assistant Referee, in the presence of at least one team shall divide the teams for the purpose of the draw for the next succeeding part (in the order in which they finished in the previous part) into the smallest possible number of equal groups. (See table of Starting Order Groups following) If the number of teams is not equally divisible, the last group to skate (and as many preceding groups as necessary) must contain one more team than the first group. The lowest placed group must skate first, the next lowest second and so on. However in the event of ties, the following procedures shall be followed:
    1. TIES: If two or more are tied for the same place at the end of the short program, they shall be drawn in the same group. The maximum number of teams to be drawn in the same group is 6.
    2. SIZE OF PRECEDING GROUP: When tied teams are drawn in the same group, the immediately preceding group will be smaller by the number of teams so added to the following group.
    3. MAXIMUM SIZE OF WARM-UP GROUPS: In the event one or more tied teams are included in the same group, the maximum number permitted to warm-up may exceed by one team. However if the maximum number permitted is exceeded by two or more teams, the group in question shall be divided into two sub-groups.

 

1.6 DRAW FOR DANCES TO BE SKATED

  1. TIMING OF ANNOUNCEMENT OF DANCES TO BE SKATED - GENERAL: The dances to be skated shall be drawn and announced just prior to the first official practice except as noted below. If no official practice is scheduled, this draw shall be made under the same conditions and at the same time as the draw for the starting order.
  2. ANNOUNCEMENT OF DANCES TO BE SKATED FOR QUALIFYING EVENTS: For qualifying events the draws will be conducted as follows:
    1. JUNIOR/SENIOR: A random draw of a maximum of two dances from the group of four as determined by the ISU will be made for each qualifying event by the Skate Canada Skating Programs Committee. These drawn dances will be announced by September 1st annually.
    2. JUVENILE/PRE-NOVICE/NOVICE: A draw of two dances from the predetermined group applicable to the qualifying event in question will be made by the Skate Canada Skating Programs Committee and announced by September 1st annually. These groups rotate annually.
  3. ORDER OF SKATING OF PATTERN DANCES: For all competitions, Pattern dances shall be skated in Skate Canada numerical order unless otherwise specified in the announcement.

 

1.7 ROTATION OF ORDER OF SKATING FOR PATTERN DANCES

  1. COUPLES ARE DIVIDED INTO GROUPS: The competitors, in the drawn order, are divided into as many groups as there are Pattern dances in the event. If the number of competitors is not evenly divisible, the last group (and as many preceding groups as are necessary) shall contain one more competitor than the first.
    1. THE FIRST DANCE: The first dance shall be skated in the drawn order.
    2. FIRST SKATER OF THE SECOND DANCE: The first skater of the second dance shall be the first skater of the second group, with the first group of skaters moving to the end but retaining their order within the group.
    3. CONTINUE UNTIL ALL PATTERN DANCES HAVE BEEN SKATED: This system shall be followed until all of the Pattern dances have been skated.
  2. ONE DANCE SHALL BE COMPLETED BEFORE COMPETITORS SKATE THE NEXT DANCE: Any one dance shall be skated by all competitors before any may skate the next dance.
  3. EXCEPTION FOR TWO COMPETITORS IN AN EVENT: An exception to (b) may be made when there are only two competitors in an event, but only with the consent of both.

 

1.8 SIZE OF STARTING ORDER GROUPS

Number of competitors/teams
  • Singles Short Program
  • Singles Free Skating
  • Synchronized Short Program
  • Synchronized Free Skating (if ties)

Maximum 6

  • Pair Short Program
  • Pair Free Skating

Maximum 4

  • Short Dance
  • Free Dance
  • Synchronized Free Skating

Maximum 5

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

1+1

1+2

2+2

2+3

3+3

3+4

4+4

1+1

1+2

2+2

2+3

3+3

3+4

4+4

1+1

1+2

2+2

2+3

3+3

3+4

4+4

9

10

11

12

4+5

5+5

5+6

6+6

3+3+3

3+3+4

3+4+4

4+4+4

4+5

5+5

3+4+4

4+4+4

13

14

15

16

4+4+5

4+5+5

5+5+5

5+5+6

3+3+3+4

3+3+4+4

3+4+4+4

4+4+4+4

4+4+5

4+5+5

5+5+5

4+4+4+4

17

18

19

20

5+6+6

6+6+6

4+5+5+5

5+5+5+5

3+3+3+4+4

3+3+4+4+4

3+4+4+4+4

4+4+4+4+4

4+4+4+5

4+4+5+5

4+5+5+5

5+5+5+5

21

22

23

24

5+5+5+6

5+5+6+6

5+6+6+6

6+6+6+6

3+3+3+4+4+4

3+3+4+4+4+4

3+4+4+4+4+4

4+4+4+4+4+4

4+4+4+4+5

4+4+4+5+5

4+4+5+5+5

4+5+5+5+5

25

26

27

28

5+5+5+5+5

5+5+5+5+6

5+5+5+6+6

5+5+6+6+6

3+3+3+4+4+4+4

3+3+4+4+4+4+4

3+4+4+4+4+4+4

4+4+4+4+4+4+4

5+5+5+5+5

4+4+4+4+5+5

4+4+4+5+5+5

4+4+5+5+5+5

29

30

31

32

5+6+6+6+6

6+6+6+6+6

5+5+5+5+5+6

5+5+5+5+6+6

3+3+3+4+4+4+4+4

3+3+4+4+4+4+4+4

3+4+4+4+4+4+4+4

4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4

4+5+5+5+5+5

5+5+5+5+5+5

4+4+4+4+5+5+5

4+4+4+5+5+5+5

33

34

35

36

5+5+5+6+6+6

5+5+6+6+6+6

5+6+6+6+6+6

6+6+6+6+6+6

3+3+3+4+4+4+4+4+4

3+3+4+4+4+4+4+4+4

3+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4

4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4

4+4+5+5+5+5+5

4+5+5+5+5+5+5

5+5+5+5+5+5+5

4+4+4+4+5+5+5+5

 

 

2.0 WARM-UP PERIODS

2.1 WARM-UP PERIODS

  1. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF SKATERS FOR WARM-UP PERIODS: The maximum number of skaters for warm-up periods shall be:
    1. SINGLE SKATING: 6 skaters. (This may be increased to 8 skaters at the discretion of the referee.)
    2. INTERPRETIVE SKATING: 8 skaters (4 couples).
    3. PATTERN DANCES: 5 couples.
    4. ALL OTHER DANCING: 5 couples.
    5. PAIR: 4 pairs.
    6. SYNCHRONIZED SKATING: 1 team.
  2. ENTRIES ABOVE THE MAXIMUM GROUP SIZE WILL BE DIVIDED INTO GROUPS: If there are more than the above number of entries in an event they shall be divided into groups as outlined in regulation 1.0 above. For clarification see the accompanying chart above. A separate warm-up period shall be allocated to each group.
  3. GROUPING SKATERS IN THE EVENT OF TIES: In the event one or more tied competitors are included in the same group, the maximum number permitted to warm up at the same time may be exceeded by one competitor. However, if the maximum number permitted is exceeded by two or more competitors (or by one or more couples in Pair), then the group in question shall be divided into two subgroups with a separate warm-up for each of them.
  4. TIMING AND DURATION OF WARM-UPS: The warm-up period for each group shall immediately precede its skating and shall be:
    1. PATTERN DANCES: Each warm up will be four minutes in length. The first minute will have no music. The remaining three minutes will have music which shall be the sixth (6th) tune of each dance from the ISU music series. Only five tunes (1-5) will be rotated during the event. In the case of events in which the 7 introductory step rule is in place (i.e. Juvenile), there shall be a one minute warm-up without music, followed by one minute of music for each of the three tunes to be used in the event.
    2. DANCE VARIATION AND RHYTHM DANCE: Four minutes.
    3. SHORT DANCE, FREE DANCE AND INTERPRETIVE EVENTS: Five minutes.
    4. SINGLES AND PAIR SHORT PROGRAM AND FREE SKATING: Six minutes. 
    5. SYNCHRONIZED SKATING: One minute for synchronized skating short and free programs.
    6. WARM-UP PERIODS MAY BE REDUCED TO A MINIMUM OF THREE MINUTES BY THE REFEREE: The duration of the warm-up periods may be reduced at the discretion of the referee to a minimum of three minutes, with the exception of synchronized skating. All warm-up periods for one event must be equal.
    7. IN THE CASE OF AN INTERRUPTION IN THE COMPETITION: In case of an interruption in the competition due to unforeseen circumstances of more than ten (10) minutes, the competitors concerned will be permitted a second warm-up period of six (6) minutes for Free Skating and two (2) minutes for Ice Dancing.

 

2.2 SIZE OF WARM-UP GROUPS

Number of competitors
  • Singles Short Program
  • Singles Free Skating
  • Pattern Dances

Maximum 6

  • Pair Short Program
  • Pair Free Skating

Maximum 4

  • Short Dance
  • Free Dance

Maximum 5

4

5

6

7

8

4

5

6

3+4

4+4

4

2+3

3+3

3+4

4+4

4

5

3+3

3+4

4+4

9

10

11

12

4+5

5+5

5+6

6+6

3+3+3

3+3+4

3+4+4

4+4+4

4+5

5+5

3+4+4

4+4+4

13

14

15

16

4+4+5

4+5+5

5+5+5

5+5+6

3+3+3+4

3+3+4+4

3+4+4+4

4+4+4+4

4+4+5

4+5+5

5+5+5

4+4+4+4

17

18

19

20

5+6+6

6+6+6

4+5+5+5

5+5+5+5

3+3+3+4+4

3+3+4+4+4

3+4+4+4+4

4+4+4+4+4

4+4+4+5

4+4+5+5

4+5+5+5

5+5+5+5

21

22

23

24

5+5+5+6

5+5+6+6

5+6+6+6

6+6+6+6

3+3+3+4+4+4

3+3+4+4+4+4

3+4+4+4+4+4

4+4+4+4+4+4

4+4+4+4+5

4+4+4+5+5

4+4+5+5+5

4+5+5+5+5

25

26

27

28

5+5+5+5+5

5+5+5+5+6

5+5+5+6+6

5+5+6+6+6

3+3+3+4+4+4+4

3+3+4+4+4+4+4

3+4+4+4+4+4+4

4+4+4+4+4+4+4

5+5+5+5+5

4+4+4+4+5+5

4+4+4+5+5+5

4+4+5+5+5+5

29

30

31

32

5+6+6+6+6

6+6+6+6+6

5+5+5+5+5+6

5+5+5+5+6+6

3+3+3+4+4+4+4+4

3+3+4+4+4+4+4+4

3+4+4+4+4+4+4+4

4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4

4+5+5+5+5+5

5+5+5+5+5+5

4+4+4+4+5+5+5

4+4+4+5+5+5+5

33

34

35

36

5+5+5+6+6+6

5+5+6+6+6+6

5+6+6+6+6+6

6+6+6+6+6+6

3+3+3+4+4+4+4+4+4

3+3+4+4+4+4+4+4+4

3+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4

4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4+4

4+4+5+5+5+5+5

4+5+5+5+5+5+5

5+5+5+5+5+5+5

4+4+4+4+5+5+5+5

 

3.0 START OF AN EVENT

3.1 START OF AN EVENT

  1. DETERMINATION OF THE START OF A NON-QUALIFYING EVENT: A non-qualifying event starts when the referee notifies the judges, officials and competitors present that the event is in progress.
  2. DETERMINATION OF THE START OF A QUALIFYING EVENT: A qualifying event starts at the commencement of the last official practice before the beginning of the first part of the competition.
  3. IF ONLY ONE COMPETITOR STARTS: A competition shall be held if at least two entrants appear at the start, unless otherwise described under the rules for a specific event. If only one competitor appears, his entry fee, if any, shall be returned and the event cancelled.
  4. COMPETITOR STARTS ON THE SIGNAL OF THE REFEREE: The referee shall signal the competitor when he may start skating. If the competitor starts before such signal the referee shall stop him and permit him to restart after the proper signal.
  5. A COMPETITOR MUST COMMENCE SKATING WITHIN ONE MINUTES OF BEING CALLED TO START: A competitor shall commence skating within one minutes of his name being called for each portion of the event, otherwise he shall be considered to have withdrawn.

 

3.2 INITIAL ROUND OF DANCE COMPETITIONS

  1. EACH DANCE SHALL BE SKATED BY ONE COUPLE AT A TIME
  2. REFEREE DETERMINES SIDE OF THE RINK FOR THE START OF EACH DANCE: The referee shall determine the side of the ice surface on which each Pattern dance shall start.
  3. NUMBER OF SEQUENCES TO BE SKATED: The number of sequences to be skated for each Pattern dance is as listed in the Technical Handbook. The number of sequences may be reduced with the approval of the referee and the majority of judges.
  4. BRONZE RHYTHM DANCE: The Bronze Rhythm Dance shall consist of two full or four half sequences which shall be skated to appropriate Skate Canada or ISU dance music.
  5. COMPLETION OF THE EVENT: All couples shall skate the entire event unless prevented from doing so by illness or injury.

 

4.0 TYPES OF MARKING

4.1 CLOSED MARKING

Each judge shall record his marks on the judging sheet provided and at the end of each portion of the event turn them over to the referee for forwarding to the accounting staff for determination of the results. When closed marking is used, only the final result sheet(s) is posted.

 

4.2 SEMI-OPEN MARKING

Each judge shall record his marks on a sheet (chit) upon which is written the name or starting number of the competitor and the name of the judge. This sheet shall be signed and is collected by the referee at the conclusion of each competitor’s performance for forwarding to the accounting staff for determination of the result. The marks so recorded shall be considered the official marks awarded to the competitor for the performance. When semi-open marking is used, only the final result sheet(s) is posted.

 

4.3 OPEN MARKING

  1. USE OF CADDY BOXES: Each judge shall be provided with a box containing two sets of cards, one set with black numbers for the whole marks from 0-6, and one set with red numbers for decimal points from 0-9. The boxes may be carried and operated by the judges or a caddy may be assigned to each judge to take over these duties. Judges (or caddies) shall be positioned so that marks can be read by the accountants (and the announcer) in sequence from left to right. Electronic key pads may be utilized.
  2. DISPLAY OF MARKS: After each competitor has skated the judges shall exhibit their marks simultaneously at a signal from the referee. The marks displayed shall be read aloud by the announcer and recorded in duplicate by the accounting staff. After the marks have been read, entered and checked, the judges shall return the cards to the boxes on a signal from the referee.
  3. The marks so displayed and recorded shall be considered the official marks awarded to the competitor for the performance.

 

4.4 SPECIFIC PROCEDURES USED FOR OPEN MARKING

  1. COLLECTION OF CHITS: When two marks are awarded for a performance where open marking is being utilized, the referee shall have collected from each judge a sheet upon which is written the name or starting number of the competitor, the name of the judge and the two marks he has awarded before the marks are displayed. This procedure is not required when using an electronic scoreboard that locks in two sets of marks.
  2. CALCULATION OF THE MEDIAN MARK: Prior to the display of the marks for the first competitor in each portion of an event, the referee shall privately ask each judge for his or her marks and shall then inform all judges of the median marks, and the judges may, at their option, change their marks and no further sheets are to be collected for the first competitor only. The median is calculated before any deductions for failures are taken.
  3. QUESTION REGARDING THE MARKS DISPLAYED BY ONE JUDGE: The referee may ask a judge whether the marks which he displayed were those he intended to award. This inquiry shall be made before any further skating in the event.
    1. REFEREE SHALL INSPECT THE JPR: If a question arises regarding the marks shown by a judge, the referee shall inspect the judge’s personal record sheet to ascertain the mark the judge intended to give.
    2. MARKS ON THE CHIT PREVAIL: When two marks are recorded on a sheet, these marks prevail over the judge’s personal record. If the mark displayed is incorrect the referee shall authorize a correction. The new mark shall prevail.
  4. REQUEST FOR AN EXPLANATION: If the marks of a judge vary considerably from the marks of the other judges, the referee shall ask the judge for an explanation of his marks in the presence of the other judges but not until the marks have been entered by the recorders.
    1. REFEREE SHALL NOT EXPRESS HIS/HER OPINION: The referee shall refrain from expressing his own opinion before the panel of judges.
    2. JUDGE'S RIGHT TO EXPLAIN: A judge who finds that his marks have varied considerably from those of the rest of the panel has the right to explain to the referee the reason for his marking and to ask him for his opinion.
    3. JUDGE NOT PERMITTED TO CHANGE THE MARK: In this circumstance the referee shall not permit the judge to change the mark which has been displayed.
  5. DISPLAY OF ALL MARKS FOR AN EVENT: If so desired by the organizers of the competition, the marks for all competitors may be displayed in order after the completion of a Pattern dance, etc.

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