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H - Results calculation procedures for all competitions and championships

1.0 DETERMINATION AND PUBLICATION OF THE RESULTS - GENERAL

1.1 PLACE POINT SYSTEM USED TO DETERMINE THE RESULT

The Place Point System used to determine the results of all Figure Skating events shall be as determined and announced by the Board of Directors.

New results calculation and judging methods may be tested in domestic qualifying competitions, provided the following is observed:

  • The announcement of the competition must outline the system to be used
  • The new system must be overseen by a competent person to report on its effectiveness
  • Any such system is implemented on a trial basis only and subsequent to the trial, rules and regulations are developed before a system can be used on a regular basis.

 

1.2 DEFINITIONS

  1. COMPETITOR: A “competitor” as used in these rules shall refer to an individual, a pair, a dance couple or a group entered in a specific competition.
  2. ORDINAL: The term “ordinal” has the same meaning as “placement” i.e., first place is denoted by the ordinal 1, second place with the ordinal 2, etc.
  3. MAJORITY: The word “majority” as used in these rules shall mean a simple majority - two out of three, three out of five, etc.
  4. PLACE POINT: The term “place point” as used in these rules shall mean that value determined by multiplying the placement of a competitor by the factor for that part of the competition.

 

1.3 FACTORS

  1. FACTORS USED TO DETERMINE PLACE POINTS FOR EACH PORTION OF AN EVENT: In order that various parts of an event will have the correct mathematical relationship, the place awarded to each competitor in each part will be multiplied by the appropriate factor to determine the place points awarded for that part.
  2. FACTORS APPLIED AFTER PLACEMENT HAS BEEN DETERMINED: Multiplying factors shall be applied only after placement for the portion of the event has been determined.
  3. TABLES: Tables for the multiplication factor are below.
Place Multiplying Factor
  0.2 0.4 0.5 0.6 1.5
1 0.2  0.4  0.5  0.6  1.5 
2 0.4 0.8  1.0  1.2 3.0 
3 0.6  1.2  1.5  1.8  4.5 
4 0.8  1.6  2.0  2.4  6.0 
5 1.0  2.0  2.5  3.0  7.5 
6 1.2  2.4  3.0  3.6  9.0 
7 1.4  2.8  3.5  4.2  10.5 
8 1.6  3.2  4.0  4.8  12.0 
9 1.8  3.6  4.5  5.4  13.5 
10  2.0  4.0  5.0  6.0  15.0 
11  2.2  4.4  5.5  6.6  16.5 
12  2.4  4.8  6.0  7.2  18.0 
13  2.6  5.2  6.5  7.8  19.5 
14  2.8  5.6  7.0  8.4  21.0 
15  3.0  6.0  7.5  9.0  22.5 
16  3.2  6.4  8.0  9.6  24.0 
17  3.4  6.8  8.5  10.2  25.5 
18  3.6  7.2  9.0  10.8  27.0 
19  3.8  7.6  9.5  11.4  28.5 
20  4.0  8.0  10.0  12.0  30.0 

 

1.4 CALCULATION OF EACH JUDGE’S TOTAL POINTS

  1. SINGLE EVENTS WITH NO SHORT PROGRAM INCLUDED: The marks awarded by the judge for technical merit and presentation for free skating shall be added together and the sum shall be the competitor’s total points for free skating from that judge.
  2. SINGLE EVENTS WITH A SHORT PROGRAM INCLUDED:
    1. SHORT PROGRAM: The marks awarded by the judge for required elements and presentation for the short program shall be added together and the sum shall be the competitor’s total points for the short program from that judge.
    2. FREE PROGRAM: The marks awarded by the judge for technical merit and presentation for free skating shall be added together and the sum shall be the competitors total points for free skating from that judge.
  3. PAIR SKATING EVENTS INCLUDING A SHORT PROGRAM:
    1. SHORT PROGRAM: The marks awarded by the judge for required elements and presentation for the short program shall be added together and the sum shall be the competitors’ total points for the short program from that judge.
    2. FREE PROGRAM: The marks awarded by the judge for technical merit and presentation for free skating shall be added together and the sum shall be the competitors’ total points for free skating from that judge.
  4. DANCING WITH PATTERN DANCES ONLY: The two marks awarded for each of the Pattern dances shall be added together to obtain the total points awarded to the competitor for each Pattern dance from that judge.
  5. DANCING WITH PATTERN DANCES, OR/AND AN SHORT DANCE BUT NO FREE DANCE:
    1. PATTERN DANCES: The two marks awarded for each of the Pattern dances shall be added together to obtain the total points awarded to the competitor for each Pattern dance from that judge.
    2. SHORT DANCE: The two marks awarded for the short dance shall be added together and the sum shall be the total points for the short dance from that judge.
  6. DANCING WITH PATTERN DANCES AND FREE DANCE:
    1. PATTERN DANCES: The two marks awarded for each of the Pattern dances shall be added together to obtain the total points awarded to the competitor for each Pattern dance from that judge.
    2. FREE DANCE: The two marks awarded for free dancing shall be added together to obtain the total points for free dancing from that judge.
  7. DANCING WITH PATTERN DANCES, SHORT DANCE & FREE DANCE:
    1. PATTERN DANCES: The two marks awarded for each of the Pattern dances shall be added together to obtain the total points for each dance from that judge.
    2. SHORT DANCE: The marks awarded by the judge for composition and presentation for the short dance shall be added together and the sum shall be the competitor’s total points for the short dance from that judge.
    3. FREE DANCE: The marks awarded by the judge for technical merit and artistic impression for free dancing shall be added together and the sum shall be the competitor’s total points for free dancing from that judge.

 

1.5 DETERMINATION OF EACH JUDGE’S ORDINALS

  1. PLACEMENT OF EACH SKATER IS DETERMINED ACCORDING TO THE TOTAL POINTS RECEIVED FROM EACH JUDGE:
    1. The placement of each competitor by each judge is determined according to the total points received from that judge so that the competitor with the highest total points obtains the ordinal (place number) 1, and the next highest 2, etc.
    2. A combined result is not determined for each judge.
  2. BREAKING TIES: If two or more competitors receive the same total points from a particular judge the placement will be awarded as follows:
    1. FOR INTERIM RESULTS: For all interim results of a competition except those identified (b), (c) and (d) below, the tie will not be broken and the competitors will each be awarded the ordinal for the tied place.
    2. FOR THE SHORT PROGRAM: For the short program (singles, pair, synchronized skating):
      1. the best placement will be awarded on the basis of the highest mark for required elements.
      2. if the marks for required elements are equal, the competitors will each be awarded the ordinal for the tied place.
    3. FOR FREE SKATING, SHORT AND FREE DANCING: For interpretive or free skating, (singles, pair, synchronized skating) short dance and free dancing:
      1. the best placement will be awarded on the basis of the highest mark for Presentation.
      2. if the marks for Presentation are equal, the competitors will each be awarded the ordinal for the tied place.
    4. FOR PATTERN DANCES: For Pattern dances where the result for each dance is determined as a separate part of the event:
      1. if two or more couples receive from one judge an equal number of total points in a Pattern dance, the couple with the highest mark for Technique receives the best place.
      2. If the marks for Technique are also equal, the two couples are tied.
  3. AWARDING PLACES AFTER A TIE HAS BEEN RESOLVED: When a tie has been resolved by the application of a preceding rule, then the competitor(s) who lost the tie shall be awarded the succeeding place(s).
  4. IF THE TIE CANNOT BE RESOLVED: If two or more competitors are tied for a place and the tie cannot be broken then the competitors so tied will be awarded the ordinal for the place for which they are tied. The remaining competitors shall be assigned ordinals subsequent to the placements used for the tied competitors, i.e., if two competitors tie for first place, each will be awarded the ordinal one and the next place to be awarded will be third; or if three competitors are tied for second place, they will each be awarded the ordinal two and the next place to be awarded will be fifth.

 

1.6 PUBLICATION OF RESULTS

  1. PLACINGS AND COMBINED RESULTS FOR EACH PART OF AN EVENT MUST BE PUBLISHED: The placings for each part of an event and the combined parts of an event must be calculated and published immediately after that part has been completed and will include the placings for each part, the total place points and the place for each competitor. The classification sheet for each part of an event, including the ordinal placements of each judge, must be included in the event protocol..
    1. EXCEPTION FOR TWO PATTERN DANCES: If two Pattern dances are skated and accounted as separate parts of the event, the results will be published after the completion of the second dance.
    2. EXCEPTION FOR “FUN MEETS” WHERE COMPETITORS ARE THOSE FROM THE CANSKATE PROGRAM: The Host Committee, in consultation with the Technical Representative and Chief Accountant, may decide to publish a full result as per (2) below for only a specific number of the competitors in each Category (e.g. the top 3 or 4 placed competitors). If the Committee decides to use this option for the publication of the results a full result for each Category as per (2) below for all the competitors involved (an Event Protocol) must be made available to each attending Club after the end of the Event.
  2. CHIEF ACCOUNTANT WILL VERIFY ALL PLACINGS: The Chief Accountant shall check all calculations and shall verify the placing of all competitors.
  3. USE OF A COMPUTER TO CALCULATE RESULTS: When a computer is used to calculate results using programs and procedures approved by the Skate Canada Accountants Sub-Committee, the results provided by the computer will be considered official after data verification is completed.
  4. REFEREE SHALL AUTHORIZE THE PUBLICATION OF RESULTS: The referee of the event shall authorize the publication of results and sign the summary sheets before they are released.
  5. WITHDRAWL OF A SKATER: In the event that a skater withdraws after the skating order has been posted but prior to the start of the event or part way through the first portion of the event, his/her name with no placement shall be listed on the results for that part of the event and shall be marked ‘withdrawn’. If this occurs in a multi-part event the skater’s name will not be shown on the results for the second part but will appear on the final results marked “withdrawn”.

 

2.0 ONE-BY-ONE METHOD (OBO)

2.1 ONE-BY-ONE METHOD

The One-By-One System of Results Calculation shall be used to determine the result of all Canadian qualifying Figure Skating Events.

 

2.2 DETERMINING THE RESULT AT QUALIFYING EVENTS

  1. DETERMINING THE PLACE NUMBER OF EACH COMPETITOR: After the end of each part of the competition, the place number of each competitor must be determined on the basis of all competitors participating in such part.
  2. AWARDING THE JUDGES IN FAVOUR AND "POINTS IN FAVOUR": A direct comparison will be made for each competitor with all other competitors on a one to one basis. This comparison is done Judge by Judge comparing the total points awarded. In each case, the skater receiving the higher total points is awarded a Judge in Favour and two (2) "Points in Favour".
  3. TIED SKATERS:
    1. SHORT PROGRAM OR PATTERN DANCE: If two or more competitors being compared receive from one Judge equal total points in the short program or Pattern dance, the competitor with the highest mark for the required elements or technique receives a Judge in Favour and two (2) Points in Favour. If the marks for required elements or technique are also equal, both competitors receive one (1) Point in Favour.
    2. FREE SKATING SHORT AND FREE DANCING: If two or more competitors receive from one Judge equal total points in free skating, short dance, variation, bronze rhythm dance or free dancing, the competitor with the highest mark for presentation receives a Judge in Favour and two (2) Points in Favour. If the marks for presentation are also equal, both competitors receive one (1) Point in Favour.
  4. TOTAL THE POINTS IN FAVOUR FOR COMPETITORS BEING COMPARED.
  5. AWARDING "WINS": The competitor with the highest Points in Favour receives a "Win" and two (2) Comparative Points. If this number is equal for both competitors, they both receive one (1) Comparative Point.
  6. COMPARISON OF COMPETITORS: The number of Comparative Points and Points in Favour are totaled for each competitor over all comparisons concerned. 
  7. COMPETITOR WITH HIGHEST NUMBER OF COMPARATIVE POINTS IS FIRST: The competitor who has the highest number of Comparative Points is placed first. The next highest is placed second, etc..
  8. IF MORE THAN ONE SKATER WITH SAME NUMBER OF “COMPARATIVE POINTS”: If two or more competitors have obtained the same number of Comparative Points, the place shall be awarded to the competitor who has the greater number of Points in Favour.
  9. IF A TIE CANNOT BE RESOLVED: If the two or more competitors have the same total Comparative Points and Points in Favour, they shall be announced as tied. If two competitors so tie for first place, the next place to be awarded is third place (not second). If two skaters tie for second place, the next place to be awarded is fourth place (not third), and so on.
  10. DETERMINING PLACEMENTS FOR INTERIM AND COMBINED RESULTS: The placement for all competitors for combined interim results and the final result will be determined by applying the rules listed below in order until the place is decided.
    1. The place number for each competitor for each part of an event is multiplied by the appropriate factor to determine the place points for each part. The factors to be applied are:
      In Single/Pair Skating:   Factor Value %
      One part events (Singles or Pair) Free Skating 1.0  (100%) 
      Pre-Novice/Novice/Junior/Senior/Singles or Pair

      Short Program

      Free Skating 

      0.5

      1.0 

      (33 1/3%)

      (66 2/3%) 

      Three part events of 

      Short Program

      Interpretive Program

      Free Skating 

      0.6

      0.4

      1.0 

      (30%)

      (20%)

      (50%) 

      Three part events of (Amendment effective July 1, 2000) 

      Qualifying Free Skating

      Short Program

      Free Skating (final) 

      0.4

      0.6

      1.0 

      (20%)

      (30%)

      (50%) 

       

      In Dancing:   Factor Value %
      Senior and Junior

      Pattern Dance 1

      Pattern Dance 2

      Short Dance

      Free Dance 

      0.2

      0.2

      0.6

      1.0

      (10%)

      (10%)

      (30%)

      (50%)

      Events with one Pattern only 

      Pattern Dance

      Short Dance

      Free Dance 

      0.4

      0.6

      1.0 

      (20%)

      (30%)

      (50%) 

      Novice 

      Pattern Dance 1

      Pattern Dance 2

      Free Dance 

      0.5

      0.5

      1.0 

      (25%)

      (25%)

      (50%) 

      Pre-Novice / Juvenile 

      Pattern Dance 1

      Pattern Dance 2 

      0.5

      0.5

      1.0 

      (25%)

      (25%)

      (50%) 

      Other events

      Pattern Dance 1

      Pattern Dance 2

      ------------------

       

      0.5

      0.5

      -------

      1.0

      (50%)

      (50%)

      ---------

      (100%)

       

      In Synchronized Skating:   Factor Value %
      Two part events of

      Short Program

      Free Skating

      0.5

      1.0

      (33 1/3%)

      (66 2/3%)

      One part events of

      Free Skating 

      1.0

      (100%)

    2. PLACE POINTS FROM EACH PART OF AN EVENT ARE ADDED TOGETHER TO DETERMINE FINAL RESULT: The place points awarded each competitor for each part of the event are added together and the best combined or final placement shall be given to the competitor having the lowest total place points. If competitors are tied when adding place points in Pattern dances the tie is not broken.
    3. TIES IN ICE DANCING FOR THE COMBINED RESULT AFTER THE SHORT DANCE: If, after adding the place points for Pattern dances and short dance, two or more competitors receive the same total, the placement shall be decided on the basis of the best placement for the short dance. If such placements are also equal the competitors concerned are tied.
    4. TIES IN SINGLES AND PAIR SKATING FOR THE COMBINED RESULT AFTER THE FREE SKATING PROGRAM: If, after adding the place points for the short program and free skating, two or more competitors receive the same total for the two parts of the competition, the best placement for the short program and free skating combined shall be awarded to the competitor obtaining the best placement for free skating. If the said competitors receive the same place points for free skating, they shall be declared tied for the place in question.
    5. TIES IN TOTAL POINTS FOR THE FINAL RESULT OF THE COMPETITION: If two or more competitors receive the same total place points for the final result of the competition, the place in question shall be awarded to the competitor obtaining the best placement for free skating/dancing. or for the rhythm dance in Pre-Novice Dance. If the tied competitors receive the same place points for free skating/dancing or rhythm dance they shall be declared tied for the place in question.
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